COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Hope Promotion Program: Effectiveness in Palliative Patients (HPP)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02723799
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2016
Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ana Querido, Instituto Politécnico de Leiria

Brief Summary:

This study aims to:

I. Develop and pilot test the effectiveness of a Hope Promotion Program compared with the standard treatment protocol, in hope, comfort and quality of life, based on a population of palliative patients followed at Oncology day care unit.

II. Evaluate perceptions and acceptability of Hope Promotion Program among palliative patients submitted to the intervention program.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronically Ill Behavioral: Hope Promotion Program (HPP) Other: Standard Treatment Protocol Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Background: Hope is essential in the experience of living with advanced chronic disease. Maintaining hope in situations of physical, psychological, spiritual and social suffering requires expertise and can be very difficult to achieve without the help of professionals, leading to hopelessness, despair and desire to hasten death (Rodin et al., 2007;Breitbart, 2000; Monforte-Royo, et al., 2012) The research team has designed an intervention program - Hope Promotion Program (HPP) to increase hope, comfort and quality of life in palliative patients. HPP consists of a three session's individual interventions carried out by the researcher in patients homes. The first session includes viewing the film Hopeful Living, produced by the research team, inspired by Duggleby et al, (2007) which features palliative patients, caregivers and health professionals describing their experiences of hope. The second session consists of patients' expression of feelings and emotions related with experience of living with a chronic advanced disease and the choice of a hope activity from the Hope activity book - a collection of hope activities specially designed for people living with an advanced chronic disease. The third session includes a relaxation activity and a plan to include hope exercise in patients' activities of daily living.

This project was designed according to the literature review of hope interventions and have the potential to become part of palliative care interventions evidenced based.

Aims: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility and collect preliminary data on the effectiveness of the Hope Promotion Program for persons in palliative situation residing at home.

Moreover this project will allow to a) Obtain relevant information about hope, comfort and quality of life of palliative patients; b) Tailor therapeutic strategies to individual needs; c) increase hope, comfort and quality of life in patients at the end of life.

Sample: Patients with a chronic advanced disease in palliative situation, recruited from Oncology day care units of two district hospital in the centre of Portugal. Inclusion criterion for participants are: a) 18 years of age and older, b) Portuguese speaking, c) have cognitive capacity to participate in the study (MMSE>15) and d) have agreed to participate in the study. An interview with a nurse precede the inclusion in the study to explain the study and obtain written informed consent.

Design: This study is designed as a mix-methods randomized clinical trial (Quantitative +Qualitative) design. Patients eligible, are randomly assigned to one of two groups: 1) treatment (Hope Promotion Program delivered by a nurse in three sessions during one week), 2) usual care group.

In all groups, demographic information and measures of hope (Herth Hope Index), quality of life (McGillQOL), Comfort (Hospice Comfort Questionnaire) will be collected by a trained research nurse at baseline, day 15 and one month. Participants in group 1 (treatment group) will be asked to describe what they were thinking about when doing the hope activities on day 15 and one month using qualitative interviews. At one month all participants will be interviewed using open ended audiotaped questions to help evaluate the program and study procedures.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Promoting Hope at the End of Life: Effectiveness of a Hope Intervention Program in Palliative Patients
Study Start Date : January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Hope Promotion Program (HPP)
Plus to the standard treatment protocol, all the participants in this group attend the HPP, consisting of a three individual session's carried out by the nurse in patients' homes. It includes viewing the film Hopeful Living, enrolling in a hope activity from the Hope activity book, a relaxation activity and a negotiated plan to exercise hope in a regular basis.
Behavioral: Hope Promotion Program (HPP)
HPP is based on literature review and qualitative research in hope at the end-of-life. The film "Hopeful living" reflects the findings of the grounded theory study. Hope activity book is the final product of the literature review on hope interventions and its activities were tested in their feasibility and suitability in our previous research with persons with advanced cancer and their families.

Other: Standard Treatment Protocol
Regular assessment and care by the hospital outpatient health care team.

Standard Treatment Protocol
Participants in this group has not access to a hope intervention. Data collection for outcome variables is the same as the participants in the other arms.
Other: Standard Treatment Protocol
Regular assessment and care by the hospital outpatient health care team.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hope measured by the Portuguese version of Herth Hope Index [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at day 15 and 30 ]
    Hope is measured by the Portuguese version of Herth Hope Index for chronic conditions (HHI-PT-DC). The HHI-PT-DC is a 10 item (1-4 point) Likert scale that delineates two sub-scales of hope: a) temporality, trust and interconnection, b) positive readiness and expectancy. The HHI-PT-DC takes approximately 5 minutes to complete. Summative scores range from 10-40, with a higher score denoting greater hope.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comfort measured by Portuguese version of Hospice Comfort Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at day 15 and 30 ]
    Comfort is measured by Portuguese version of Hospice Comfort Questionnaire, based on holistic comfort questionnaire, developed by Kolcaba (HCQ-PT-DC). This instrument is composed by 26 items (1-6 points) Likert-scale that addresses the three states of comfort: relief, ease and transcendence. The higher the score, the higher the subjects' reported comfort.

  2. Quality of Life measured by the Portuguese version of McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MQOL-PT-DC) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at day 15 and 30 ]
    Quality of Life is measured by the Portuguese version of McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MQOL-PT-DC). The MQOL-PT-DC is a quality of life assessment measure reflecting 4 domains of quality of life: physical health, psychological symptoms, existential well-being, and support. The MQOL-PT-DC is comprised of 16 items, assessed in a self-rating numerical scale (0-10) and Single Item Scale (0-10) to assess subjective quality of life. Higher scores indicates better QOL.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Fatigue using a self-rate single item scale (0-10 points) [ Time Frame: Baseline, day 15 and 30 ]
    Fatigue measure includes a self-rate single item scale (0-10 points). The higher the score, the higher the subjects' reported fatigue.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Portuguese speaking
  • Have a chronic advanced disease non-responding to treatment, metastatic disease, episodes of non-controlled symptoms
  • Have health care assistance by a health care team in an outpatient setting
  • Cognitive ability to answer the questionnaires (MMSE>15 for illiterate participants, >22 for participants with 11 years of schooling, >27 for participants with more than 11 years of schooling)
  • Consenting to voluntarily participate in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with high suffering from uncontrolled and recurrent presence of symptoms (nausea, vomiting, pain),
  • Patients with performance status under 30, due to their particularly vulnerability, intervention would need energy required to vital functions.
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Ana Querido, PhD, Instituto Politécnico de Leiria Identifier: NCT02723799    
Other Study ID Numbers: Ana Querido - IPLeiria
First Posted: March 30, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Ana Querido, Instituto Politécnico de Leiria:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Chronic Disease
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes