Implementation of a Smartphone Application in Medical Education (iSTART)
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02723136|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 17, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Education, Medical||Device: Smartphone Application||Not Applicable|
Smartphones are devices that are commonly used by medical professionals. Their adoption by students and physicians is increasing, with reported use rates of roughly 85%. Reasons behind these implementation rates stem from their versatility, since this technology provides mobile communications and advanced informatics in a handheld device that can be used at the bedside. However, data regarding their use in medical education is scarce.
This study aims to address whether a smartphone application designed to review key concepts in internal medicine and its subspecialties might increase the overall academic performance of medical students. Eligible participants will be interns in their final year of study who own a smartphone with an operating system based in Android® or iOS®. Only those that do not wish to participate will be excluded from this trial.
All participants will undergo a baseline test aimed at addressing their knowledge of internal medicine and its subspecialties. Multiple choice questions will be used in this test, which have been developed by a team of internists with 5 years experience in formulating them. These questions have also been designed to resemble a national examination that is required to practice medicine in the Chilean Public Health System, and have shown a good correlation with performance in the latter exam in previous reports. In order to optimise adherence, the application will also provide feedback to its user, showing overall performance in terms of correct answers and time required to solve a clinical vignette.
After this test, participants will be randomised to receive the smartphone application by a statistician. Investigators will be kept unaware of the allocation sequence used in this trial. The contents of the application will include clinical vignettes that will review core concepts in internal medicine and its subspecialties. After 4 weeks, participants will undergo a second test and the overall performance between groups will be compared. Both outcome assessors and statisticians will be kept unaware of participant allocation. Data regarding the overall application use will be collected as well.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||80 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Implementing a Smartphone Application to Optimise Academic Performance Among Medical Students: A Randomised Trial|
|Study Start Date :||April 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2016|
Experimental: Smartphone application
Participants allocated to this arm will receive a smartphone application developed to assist and guide the study of internal medicine and its subspecialties. The application will provide feedback to participants regarding their overall performance in terms of correct answers and the overall time required to solve a clinical vignette.
Device: Smartphone Application
Smartphone application developed by internists and engineers. Will be made available on iOS(R) and Android(R) operating systems.
No Intervention: Usual care
Students allocated to this arm will not receive any further assistance in studying for this trial's tests.
- Academic Performance [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after randomisation ]Overall percentage of correct responses in a standardised test.
- Time to complete tests [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after randomisation ]Time required by students to complete a 90-question multiple-choice test.
- Application adherence [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after randomisation ]Mean time spent using the application.
- Application adherence [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after randomisation ]Mean number of questions answered by study participants.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02723136
|Campus de la Salud, Universidad de Valparaiso|
|Reñaca, Viña del Mar, Chile|
|Principal Investigator:||Felipe Martinez, M.D., M.Sc.||Universidad de Valparaiso|