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Study to Determine D-amino Acid Oxidase Brain Enzyme Occupancy of TAK-831 After Single-dose Oral Administration

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02716987
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 23, 2016
Results First Posted : August 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between TAK-831 dose, plasma exposure, extent and duration of brain D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) enzyme occupancy following single oral dosing of TAK-831 in healthy participants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Drug: TAK-831 Drug: [18F]PGM299 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is called TAK-831. TAK-831 is a highly selective and potent inhibitor of DAO, a peroxisomal enzyme active towards neutral D-amino acids which potentially effects cerebellar dysfunction. This study will look at the relationship between TAK-831 plasma exposure and the extent and duration of brain DAO enzyme occupancy after single oral dosing of TAK-831 in healthy male participants using [18F]PGM299 radioactive tracer injection and PET imaging.

The study will enroll up to 22 participants in two different sets. Up to 16 participants will be enrolled in Set A. Within that total, up to 5 dose levels of TAK-831 may be evaluated, with up to 6 participants per dose level, although typically, there will be 2 to 3 participants per dose level. All participants in Set A will also receive up to 3 doses of [18F]PGM299. Up to 6 participants will be enrolled in Set B. All participants in Set B will be assigned to single treatment group to receive 2 doses of [18F]PGM299.

All participants in Set A will be asked to take single oral dose of TAK-831 suspension on Day 1. In Set A, each of the participant will receive a maximum of 3 PET scans with [18F]PGM299; 1 at baseline 2 following a single oral dose of TAK-831 on Days 1 and 2. In Set B, each of the participant will receive 2 PET scans with [18F]PGM299 on Days 1 and 10. Set B will be conducted after the confirmation of blockade of [18F]PGM299 binding by TAK-831 in 2 to 4 participants of Set A.

This multi-center trial will be conducted in the United Kingdom. The overall time to participate in this study is 62 days. Participants in Set A will make 4 visits to the clinic, and participants in Set B will make 3 visits to the clinic and all will be contacted by telephone on Day 15 (Set A) and Day 12 (Set B) of treatment period for a follow-up assessment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-Label, Positron Emission Tomography Study in Healthy Subjects to Determine D-Amino Acid Oxidase Brain Enzyme Occupancy of TAK-831 After Single-Dose Oral Administration in Healthy Subjects
Actual Study Start Date : March 21, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 30, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 30, 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Set A: TAK-831 100 mg
TAK-831 100 milligram (mg), suspension, orally, once on Day 1 and up to 100 megabecquerel (MBq) of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) ligand PGM028299 labeled with [18F] ([18F]PGM299) with a maximal mass up to 12.5 microgram (mcg), injection, intravenously, prior to PET imaging at Baseline, 2 hours and 26 hours post-TAK-831 dose.
Drug: TAK-831
TAK-831 oral suspension.

Drug: [18F]PGM299
[18F]PGM299 injection

Experimental: Set A: TAK-831 200 mg
TAK-831 200 mg, suspension, orally, once on Day 1 and up to 100 MBq of [18F]PGM299 with a maximal mass up to 12.5 mcg, injection, intravenously, prior to PET imaging at Baseline, 2 hours and 26 hours post-TAK-831 dose.
Drug: TAK-831
TAK-831 oral suspension.

Drug: [18F]PGM299
[18F]PGM299 injection

Experimental: Set A: TAK-831 250 mg
TAK-831 250 mg, suspension, orally, once on Day 1 and up to 100 MBq of [18F]PGM299 with a maximal mass up to 12.5 mcg, injection, intravenously, prior to PET imaging at Baseline, 2 hours and 26 hours post-TAK-831 dose.
Drug: TAK-831
TAK-831 oral suspension.

Drug: [18F]PGM299
[18F]PGM299 injection

Experimental: Set A: TAK-831 500 mg
TAK-831 500 mg, suspension, orally, once on Day 1 and up to 100 MBq of [18F]PGM299 with a maximal mass up to 12.5 mcg, injection, intravenously, prior to PET imaging at Baseline, 2 hours and 26 hours post-TAK-831 dose.
Drug: TAK-831
TAK-831 oral suspension.

Drug: [18F]PGM299
[18F]PGM299 injection

Experimental: Set B: [18F]PGM299
[18F]PGM299 up to 100 MBq (with a maximal mass up to 12.5 mcg), injection, intravenously, prior to PET imaging on Days 1 and 10.
Drug: [18F]PGM299
[18F]PGM299 injection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total Volume of Distribution (VT) of [18F]PGM299 in the Cerebellar Grey Matter (GM) for Each PET Scan [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline (PET scan 1), 2 hours (PET scan 2) and 26 hours (PET scan 3) post-TAK-831 dose; Set B: Day 1 (PET scan 1) and Day 10 (PET scan 2) ]
  2. Non-displaceable Binding Potential (BPND) of [18F]PGM299 in the Cerebellar GM for Each PET Scan [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline (PET scan 1), 2 hours (PET scan 2) and 26 hours (PET scan 3) post-TAK-831 dose; Set B: Day 1 (PET scan 1) and Day 10 (PET scan 2) ]
  3. D-amino Acid Oxidase (DAO) Occupancy Estimation in the Cerebellar GM [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline (PET scan 1), 2 hours (PET scan 2) and 26 hours (PET scan 3) post-TAK-831 dose; Set B: Day 1 (PET scan 1) and Day 10 (PET scan 2) ]
    DAO occupancy is calculated as percent difference between baseline and postdose [18F]PGM299 BPND for each participant.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Set A: EC50- Plasma Concentration of TAK-831 That Corresponds to 50 Percent (%) DAO Brain Enzyme Occupancy in Cerebellum [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline, 2 and 26 hours post-TAK-831 dose ]
    EC50 was obtained from global VT model. The affinity constant relating plasma concentration of TAK-831 to DAO occupancy (EC50) was estimated by fitting the PET and plasma concentration data (VT, Cp). It was calculated as VT= VsBase (EC50/EC50+Cp) + VND, where Vs Base was the group-level (global) volume of distribution of the specific binding in the target region (cerebellar GM) and VND was the volume of distribution of the non-displaceable component (non-specific bound and free radiotracer) of the target region.

  2. Set A: Dose of TAK-831 That Corresponds to 50% DAO Brain Enzyme Occupancy in Cerebellum [ Time Frame: Set A: At 2 and 26 hours post-TAK-831 dose ]
    Dose of TAK-831 that corresponds to 50% DAO brain enzyme occupancy in cerebellum at the time of maximum observed plasma concentration (Tmax) of TAK-831 was estimated.

  3. Set B: Coefficient of Variation (CoV) of [18F]PGM299 Binding in Healthy Human Brain [ Time Frame: Set B: Baseline up to Day 10 ]
    CoV was calculated as COV (P)(%) = 100 * mean/ standard deviation, where P was different participant scanned under baseline condition.

  4. Set A: Plasma Concentrations of TAK-831 During Each Post-TAK-831 Dosing PET Scan Periods [ Time Frame: Set A: Days 1 and 2 At time 0 (at tracer injection), 60 minutes after tracer injection and 120 minutes after tracer injection for each post TAK-831 dosing PET scan period ]
  5. Set A: Percent Change From Baseline to Post-TAK-831 Dose in AUEC(0-24)Serine: Area Under the Effect-time Curve From Time 0 to 24 Hours Post-TAK-831 Dose for Dextro-serine (D-serine) and Levo-serine (L-serine) [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline, 24 hours post-TAK-831 dose ]
  6. Set A: Percent Change From Baseline to Post-TAK-831 Dose in AUEC(0-24)Serine: Area Under the Effect-time Curve From Time 0 to 24 Hours Post-TAK-831 Dose for Ratio of D-serine to Total Serine [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline, 24 hours post-TAK-831 dose ]
  7. Set A: Percent Change in Maximum Drug-induced Effect (Emax,Serine) on Change in Plasma Concentrations of D-serine and L-serine [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline, 24 hours post-TAK-831 dose ]
  8. Set A: Percent Change in Maximum Drug-induced Effect (Emax, D: Total Serine Ratio) on the Ratio of D-serine to Total Serine [ Time Frame: Set A: Baseline, 24 hours post-TAK-831 dose ]
  9. Set A: Time to Reach the Maximum PD Effect (Time to Emax,Serine) for D-serine and L-serine [ Time Frame: Set A: Day -1 At 1, 4 and 12 hours post check-in and Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-TAK-831 dose ]
  10. Set A: Time to Reach the Maximum PD Effect (Time to Emax,Serine) for Ratio of D-serine to Total Serine [ Time Frame: Set A: Day -1 At 1, 4 and 12 hours post check-in and Day 1 pre-dose and at multiple time points (up to 24 hours) post-TAK-831 dose ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Is capable of understanding and complying with protocol requirements.
  2. Signs and dates a written, informed consent form and any required privacy authorization prior to the initiation of any study procedures.
  3. Is in good health as determined by physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), and laboratory evaluations.
  4. Is a healthy male aged 25 to 55 years, inclusive, at the time of informed consent and first injection of the PET tracer.
  5. Weighs at least 45 kilogram (kg) and has a body mass index (BMI) from 18.0 to 30.0 kilogram per square meter (kg/m^2), inclusive, at Screening.
  6. Agrees to use adequate contraception from signing of informed consent throughout the duration of the study and for 90 days after last dose.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has received any investigational compound or device within 3 months or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to Check-in for Screening.
  2. Is an immediate family member, study site employee, or is in a dependent relationship with a study site employee who is involved in the conduct of this study (example, spouse, parent, child, sibling) or may consent under duress.
  3. Has uncontrolled, clinically significant (CS), neurologic (including seizure disorder), cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, metabolic, gastrointestinal (GI), urologic, immunologic, or endocrine disease or psychiatric disorder, or other abnormality, which may impact the ability of the participant to participate or potentially confound the study results.
  4. Has a known hypersensitivity to any component of the formulation of TAK-831 or related compounds, or to [18 F]PGM299 or to any of its components.
  5. Has a positive urine or breath test result for drugs of abuse (defined as any illicit drug use), ethanol (alcohol), or cotinine at Screening, Check-in for Baseline Imaging/Confinement Period 1, or Check-in for the Treatment/Confinement Period 2 (Day -1) for a participant participating in Set A or at Screening, Check-in for Tracer TEST PET Imaging/Confinement Period 1, or Check-in for RE-TEST PET Imaging/Confinement Period 2 for a participant participating in Set B.
  6. Has a history of drug abuse (defined as any illicit drug use) or a history of ethanol (alcohol) abuse within 1 year prior to the screening visit or is unwilling to agree to abstain from ethanol (alcohol) and drugs throughout the study.
  7. Has taken any medication, supplements, or food products during the time periods listed in the excluded medications and dietary products table.
  8. Intends to donate sperm during the course of this study or for 90 days after the last dose of study medication.
  9. Has evidence of current cardiovascular, central nervous system, hepatic, or hematopoietic disease; renal, metabolic or endocrine dysfunction; serious allergy, asthma, hypoxemia, hypertension, or allergic skin rash; or there is any finding in the participant's medical history, physical examination, or safety laboratory tests giving reasonable suspicion of a disease that would contraindicate taking TAK-831 or a similar drug in the same class, which might interfere with the conduct of the study. This includes, but is not limited to, peptic ulcer disease and cardiac arrhythmias.
  10. Has current or recent (within 6 months) GI disease that would be expected to influence the absorption of drugs (that is, a history of malabsorption), any surgical intervention known to impact absorption (example, bariatric surgery or bowel resection), esophageal reflux, peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis, or frequent (more than once per week) occurrence of heartburn.
  11. Has a history of cancer, except basal cell carcinoma that has been in remission for at least 5 years prior to Day 1.
  12. Has a positive test result for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody (HCAB), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection at Screening.
  13. Has used nicotine-containing products (including but not limited to cigarettes, pipes, cigars, chewing tobacco, nicotine patch or nicotine gum) within 44 days prior to Check-in for Confinement Period 1. Cotinine test is positive at Screening, or Check-in for Confinement Period 1, or Confinement Period 2.
  14. Has poor peripheral venous access.
  15. Has an abnormal Allen's test in either upper extremity.
  16. Has donated or lost 450 milliliter (mL) or more of his blood volume (including plasmapheresis), or had a transfusion of any blood product within 90 days prior to Confinement Period 1.
  17. Has an abnormal CS ECG at Screening, Check-in for Confinement Period 1, or at Check-in for Confinement Period 2. Entry of any participant with an abnormal (not clinically significant [NCS]) ECG must be approved and documented by signature of the coordinating investigator or delegate.
  18. Has a supine blood pressure outside the ranges of 100 to 140 millimeter of mercury (mm Hg) for systolic and 50 to 90 mm Hg for diastolic, confirmed with 1 repeat testing within a maximum of 30 minutes, at the Screening Visit, Check-in for Confinement Period 1, or Confinement Period 2.
  19. Has a resting heart rate outside the range of 50 to 90 beats/minute, confirmed with 1 repeat testing within a maximum of 30 minutes, at the Screening Visit, Check-in for Confinement Period 1, or Confinement Period 2.
  20. Has a Fridericia's Correction Formula (QTcF) - QTcF interval greater than (>) 450 millisecond (msec) or PR outside the range of 120 to 220 msec, confirmed with 1 repeat testing within a maximum of 30 minutes, at the Screening Visit, Check-in for Confinement Period 1, or Confinement Period 2.
  21. Has abnormal Screening laboratory values that suggest a CS underlying disease or the following laboratory abnormalities: Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and/or Alanine serum transaminase AST >1.5*upper limit of normal (ULN).
  22. Has a risk of suicide according to the investigator's clinical judgment (example, per Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale [C-SSRS]) or has made an attempt in the previous 6 months.
  23. Has had a seizure or convulsion (lifetime), including absence seizure and febrile convulsion.
  24. In the opinion of the investigator, is unlikely to comply with the protocol or is unsuitable for any other reason.
  25. Has had previous exposure to ionizing radiation such that, in combination with the exposure from this study, their exposure will be >10 millisievert (mSv) for the previous year.
  26. Has a contraindication to medical resonance imaging (MRI) based on the standard MRI screening questionnaire. Contraindications include ferromagnetic foreign bodies (example, shrapnel, ferromagnetic fragments in the orbital area), certain implanted medical devices (example, aneurysm clips, cardiac pacemakers) or claustrophobia.
  27. Has findings on screening brain MRI scan that will potentially compromise participant safety or the scientific integrity of the study data, if the participant were to participate in this study.
  28. Has prolonged prothrombin time (PT) or activated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or reduced platelet count (less than [<] 100*10^9/Liter [L]).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02716987


Locations
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United Kingdom
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Takeda
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Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02716987    
Other Study ID Numbers: TAK-831-1003
2015-004509-17 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1176-7493 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
15/LO/1916 ( Registry Identifier: NRES )
First Posted: March 23, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 7, 2020
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda makes patient-level, de-identified data sets and associated documents available for all interventional studies after applicable marketing approvals and commercial availability have been received (or program is completely terminated), an opportunity for the primary publication of the research and final report development has been allowed, and other criteria have been met as set forth in Takeda's Data Sharing Policy (see www.TakedaClinicalTrials.com for details). To obtain access, researchers must submit a legitimate academic research proposal for adjudication by an independent review panel, who will review the scientific merit of the research and the requestor's qualifications and conflict of interest that can result in potential bias. Once approved, qualified researchers who sign a data sharing agreement are provided access to these data in a secure research environment.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Takeda:
Drug therapy