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Equine-assisted Occupational Therapy for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02714101
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 21, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Alberta

Brief Summary:
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have difficulty engaging in activities. This study examined the effects of equine-assisted occupational therapy for 7 children with ASD ages 4 to 8 years. A multiple baseline design was used. For each child, there were 9 to 11 baseline assessments, 9 to 12 intervention sessions, and 4 follow-up sessions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Autism Spectrum Disorder Other: Equine assisted occupational therapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty engaging in activities. Based on the literature, the unique features of horses may be beneficial to children with ASD. There is limited research supporting the use of horses in occupational therapy interventions. This study examined the effects of equine-assisted occupational therapy for 7 children with ASD ages 4 to 8 years. A multiple baseline design was used. For each child, there were 9 to 11 baseline assessments (gross and fine motor play activities), 9 to 12 intervention sessions, and 4 follow-up sessions (gross and fine motor play activities). Intervention sessions were 40 to 60 minutes long and consisted of time spent on the horse and in horse related activities. Children were videorecorded in all conditions. Trained coders scored randomly selected segments of the video recording. Inter-rater reliability was good.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Hippotherapy on the Motivation and Social Interaction/Social Communication of Children With Autism
Study Start Date : June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Equine assisted occupational therapy
Intervention was one 40 to 60 minute session per week. Half of the session was spent riding a horse and half was spent doing horse related activities. Children had 9 to 12 sessions
Other: Equine assisted occupational therapy
Intervention was one 40 to 60 minute session per week. Half of the session was spent riding a horse and half was spent doing horse related activities. Children had 9 to 12 sessions




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rater coding of engagement [ Time Frame: One 5 minute segment per session for five months ]
    Trained coders rated the proportion of time the child was engaged in the activities


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rater coding of enjoyment [ Time Frame: One 5 minute segment per session for five months ]
    Trained coders rated the number of times the child expressed enjoyment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 8 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • diagnosis of Autism spectrum disorder by a multidisciplinary team,
  • between ages 3 and 8,
  • understand basic English,
  • willing to ride a horse, no horse riding in the past 3 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • severe of repeated aggressive behaviour,
  • comorbidities such as deafness that would interfere with intervention.
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Alberta
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02714101    
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00031008
First Posted: March 21, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 21, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Autistic Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders