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Lifestyle Physical Activity Intervention for Depressed Alcohol Dependent Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02705898
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 11, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Butler Hospital

Brief Summary:
Building on the large body of evidence for the effect of exercise in decreasing depressive symptoms and the few preliminary findings of its effect on craving and drinking outcomes, the purpose of this study is to develop a lifestyle physical activity (LPA) intervention that harnesses the technological advantages of the Fitbit tracker (plus its web and mobile platforms) for depressed women with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). The intervention will provide women with an acceptable, flexible and effective alternate coping strategy during early recovery, when relapse risk is highest. The overall objective of this work is to fully develop this LPA+Fitbit intervention, modify it based on initial piloting and feedback to ensure its feasibility and acceptability for depressed women with AUDs in early recovery, propose potential mechanisms of its effect, and to obtain preliminary data on its efficacy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alcohol Dependence Behavioral: LPA+Fitbit Behavioral: HEC Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are the 3rd leading preventable cause of death in the U.S. and are associated with significant economic burden and health-related negative consequences. While women may be less likely to develop AUDs, they experience more significant negative health consequences of alcohol use than men. Due to stigma, shame, and child care issues; women are less likely to receive specialty addiction treatment. The comorbidity of depression and AUDs is much higher in women, and compared to men, women depression often has a temporal onset prior to an AUD. Relapse rates are very high in both men and women but significant gender differences emerge in the predictors of relapse. Women are more likely to relapse in unpleasant, negative emotional states and depressive symptoms and negative affect mediate the relationship between these stressors and drinking outcomes. More so than men, women with AUDs report drinking to cope with negative emotions. Therefore, intervention approaches that help women develop alternate coping strategies can have an important role in decreasing alcohol relapse among depressed women with AUDs. Given the demonstrated benefits of exercise for decreasing depression, negative affect, and urges to drink, helping women engage in a flexible and acceptable lifestyle physical activity (LPA) intervention may provide them a tool they can utilizing "in the moment" to cope with negative emotional states and alcohol craving during early recovery when relapse risk is highest. Exciting new digital fitness technologies (e.g., Fitbit activity monitor with web and mobile applications) have emerged in recent years that include features able to further enhance critical components for increasing physical activity - goal setting and self-monitoring. The investigators propose to develop a 12-week LPA+Fitbit intervention for depressed women in alcohol treatment. This will include: 1) an in-person physical activity (PA) counseling orientation session; 2) 4 brief, phone-based PA counseling sessions focused on increasing PA and strategically using bouts of PA to cope with affect and alcohol cravings; 3) use of the Fitbit fitness tracker for physical activity goal-setting and daily self-monitoring; and 4) weekly supportive messages delivered by text message. The overall objective of this application is to develop this LPA+Fitbit intervention, modify it based on a initial open pilot (n=20) and feedback to ensure its feasibility and acceptability for depressed women with AUDs in early recovery, propose potential mechanisms, and to obtain preliminary data on its efficacy in a small randomized clinical trial (n=50). The LPA+Fitbit intervention proposed in this application is simple, low-cost, and easily transportable to the varied clinical settings women with AUDs receive treatment. If women with AUDs find the LPA+Fitbit intervention feasible, acceptable, and helpful during early recovery, they could be afforded with a much needed alternate coping strategy that would reduce relapse risk and decrease the overall negative impact of alcohol use on their health and well-being.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Technology-Supported Physical Activity Intervention for Depressed Alcoholic Women
Study Start Date : September 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: LPA+Fitbit
A 12-week LPA+Fitbit intervention for depressed women in intensive alcohol treatment. This will include: 1) a single in-person physical activity (PA) counseling orientation session; 2) 6 brief, phone-based PA counseling sessions focused on increasing PA and strategically using bouts of PA to cope with affect and alcohol cravings; 3) use of the Fitbit fitness tracker for physical activity goal-setting and daily self-monitoring; and 4) weekly supportive messages delivered by email.
Behavioral: LPA+Fitbit
Active Comparator: Health Education Contact Control (HEC)
The HEC condition will include: 1) an in-person orientation session, 2) 6 telephone-delivered health education sessions, and 3) weekly health-related e-mails. A variety of health and lifestyle topics will be addressed including the following: Session 1 (week 1) - Nutrition—What to Eat and What Not to Eat; Session 2 (week 2) - Sleep Problems and Sleep Hygiene; Session 3 (week 4) - Alcohol Use among Women; Session 4 (week 6) - Relaxation training; Session 5 (week 8) - Time Management and Assertiveness; and Session 6 (week 10) - Being a Smart Patient when Coordinating your Healthcare.
Behavioral: HEC



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent days abstinent [ Time Frame: 6-months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Level of depressive symptoms as measured by the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
  2. Steps/day as measured by the actigraphy [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
  3. Positive coping scores on the Brief COPE measure [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
  4. Level of motivation for abstinence using the Contemplation Ladder [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
  5. Level of self-efficacy on the Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy Scale [ Time Frame: 6-months ]
  6. estimated VO2 max on the 6-minute Astrand-Rhyming Cycle Test [ Time Frame: 6-months ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • currently engaged in alcohol treatment
  • meets criteria for DSM-5 alcohol use disorder
  • score of 1 on ONE of the first 2 items of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)
  • less than 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week over the last 6 months
  • has access to a computer connected to the internet or a smartphone compatible with the Fitbit application

Exclusion Criteria:

  • current DSM-5 diagnosis of moderate/severe substance use disorder, anorexia, or bulimia
  • history of psychotic disorder or current psychotic symptoms
  • current suicidality or homicidality
  • current mania
  • marked organic impairment
  • physical or medical problems that would not allow safe participation in exercise
  • currently pregnant or intending to be pregnant in the next 12 weeks

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02705898


Locations
United States, Rhode Island
Butler Hospital Recruiting
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02906
Contact: Ana M Abrantes, Ph.D.    401-455-6440    Ana_Abrantes@Brown.edu   
Principal Investigator: Ana M. Abrantes, Ph.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Butler Hospital
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

Responsible Party: Butler Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02705898     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1507-001
R34AA024038 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 11, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 25, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018

Keywords provided by Butler Hospital:
alcohol use disorders
physical activity
women's health

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcoholism
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Ethanol
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs