Sulforaphane in a New Jersey (NJ) Population of Individuals With Autism
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02677051|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 16, 2022
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Autism Autistic Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Autistic Behavior||Drug: Sulforaphane Drug: Placebo||Phase 2|
This study is a double blind randomized treatment trial that will test if sulforaphane improves core symptoms in autism. It is designed to try to replicate a previous trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT01474993) which reported that the isothiocyanate, sulforaphane treatment led to improvement by multiple metrics. Significant improvement was seen in behavior as measured by the Aberrant Behavioral Checklist (ABC) and by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). In addition a significantly greater number of participants receiving sulforaphane had improvement in social interaction, abnormal behavior, and verbal communication as per the Clinical Global Impression (CGI). In addition The investigators will attempt to account for some variability in response to sulforaphane treatment by testing alleles of genes that are relevant in sulforaphane metabolism. The investigators will also measure glutathione levels, which are also important in sulforaphane metabolism and are in part regulated by sulforaphane..
Sulforaphane is the most potent naturally occurring inducer of mammalian cytoprotective enzymes known. Therapeutic potential is based at least in part on their ability to up-regulate genes responsible for alleviation of oxidative stress and to regulate both the immune system and the inflammatory response
40 Males with autistic disorder will be randomly selected to receive either sulforaphane or placebo. Seven visits are required by the subjects including enrollment ,screening, baseline, weeks 4, 10 and 18 and a follow up visit at seek 22.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||48 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Sulforaphane in Autism: A Treatment Trial to Confirm Phenotypic Improvement With Sulforaphane Treatment in a New Jersey (NJ) Population of Individuals With Autism|
|Study Start Date :||February 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 2023|
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
About 15 subjects will be randomized into this arm, receiving pills with an inactive placebo.
About 30 subjects will be randomized into this arm, receiving pills with glucoraphanin rich broccoli seed powder containing active myrosinase resulting in sulforaphane once ingested Doses will be weight dependent with each pill resulting in ~ 50 µmol sulforaphane.
Body weight Dose of sulforaphane 34 kg ~ 50 µmol 68 kg ~ 100 µmol 102 kg ~ 150 µmol
Sulforaphane (1-isothiocyanato-4R- (methylsulfinyl)butane) is an isothiocyanate derived from the action of the plant enzyme myrosinase on glucosinolates including glucoraphanin and comes from consumption of many cruciferous vegetables.
Other Name: Avmacol
- Change in Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) scores. [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 4, week 10, week 18 and week 22. ]
- Change in Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) scores. [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 4, week 10, week 18 and week 22. ]
- Clinical Global Impression Severity Scale (CGI-S). [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
- Clinical Global Impression Improvement Scale (CGI-I) to measure change from baseline CGI-S scores. [ Time Frame: Week 4, week 10, week 18 and week 22. ]
- Liver Function Tests as a screen for entry into the study and a monitor of potential change/adverse events due to treatment. [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 4, week 18 and week 22. ]
- Renal Function Tests as a screen for entry into the study and a monitor of potential change/adverse events due to treatment. [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 4, week 18 and week 22. ]
- Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) as a screen for entry into the study and a monitor of potential change/adverse events due to treatment. [ Time Frame: Baseline, week 4, week 18 and week 22. ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02677051
|United States, New Jersey|
|Rutgers University - Staged Research Building|
|Piscataway, New Jersey, United States, 08854|
|Principal Investigator:||Steven Buyske||Rutgers, The State University of NJ|