Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Remediating Academic Skill Deficits Among Disadvantaged Youth

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02673645
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified July 2017 by University of Chicago.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 4, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 11, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Northwestern University
SAGA Innovations
Chicago Public Schools
Crown Family Philanthropies
Lloyd A. Fry Foundation
Paul M. Angell Family Foundation
Polk Bros. Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago

Brief Summary:
This research aims to continue to study the effectiveness of a promising academic intervention (implemented by SAGA Innovations) that has previously been shown to significantly improve academic outcomes for disadvantaged youth. In addition, this study will begin to investigate the effects of scaling up this promising strategy by exploring variation in tutor effectiveness and the optimal instructor-student and student-student pairings for improving academic outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Educational Achievement Other: SAGA Innovations Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The University of Chicago Education Lab research team is carrying out a randomized controlled trial of a promising academic intervention during the 2015-16 academic year in partnership with the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) and SAGA Innovations. Male and female CPS students in grades 9 and 10 will be randomly assigned either to receive what investigators believe to be a best-practice intensive academic support, or to a control group receiving status quo CPS and community services, for one academic year (AY2015-16). The intervention is high-dosage math tutoring provided by SAGA Innovations (previously Match Education of Boston). A previous randomized controlled trial conducted by the University of Chicago research team found that one year of this intervention, delivered in AY2013-14, generated between one and two extra years of academic growth in math, over and above what the normal U.S. high school student learns in one year. The estimated effects for math achievement are on the order of 0.19 to 0.30 SD, depending on the exact test and norming used. The intervention also improved student grades in math, by 0.58 points on a 1-4 grade scale, compared to a control mean of 1.77. These gains are particularly important because math success versus failure is a strong predictor of high school graduation.

This current study aims to replicate the investigators' previous findings, and to that end the research team will again look at the academic, behavioral, and long-term effects of this high-dosage math tutoring program on youth. This study is also designed to explore issues that will be central to efforts to scale-up this promising strategy, including variation in tutor quality and whether there are optimal tutor-student and student-student pairings in terms of gender and race.

The SAGA Innovations program expands on the nationally recognized innovation of high-dosage, in-school-day tutoring developed in Match Education's charter school in Boston. The tutoring program meets as a scheduled course, Math Lab, once a day during the normal school day, and is provided in addition to a student's regular math class. Students taking the course receive an elective credit upon completion. Every student works with the same full-time, professional tutor for the entirety of the school year. The content of the tutoring sessions is aligned with what students are learning in their regular math courses, but is also targeted to address individual gaps in math knowledge. Also following the original model developed by Match Education, SAGA tutors use frequent internal formative assessments of student progress to individualize instruction.

In addition to replicating previous studies that suggest the promise of this high-dosage tutoring model for improving the academic outcomes of at-risk youth, this study also aims to provide insight into the ability of this program to serve youth at a much larger scale. Despite the great need for programs that can affect the national dropout crisis and improve youth outcomes, little is known about how to take promising education interventions to scale. This study will begin to explore whether there is a trade-off between effectiveness and scale by randomly assigning students to pairings and randomly assigning pairings to tutors. Tutors will be separately ranked from highest to lowest quality by SAGA leadership, and by randomly assigning tutors to students, the investigators will be able to explore what effect, if any, tutor quality has on student outcomes. In addition, this study will look at whether gender and race composition of student-tutor pairings and student-student pairings has an effect on outcomes. This work will enable the investigators to begin to learn about variation in tutor effectiveness and the optimal way to match kids to tutors. The research team hopes this work will have important implications for how to scale this promising strategy both within Chicago and beyond.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1848 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Study Start Date : August 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control group
These youth will receive standard mathematics instruction and support, but not the intensive tutoring offered through the intervention.
Experimental: SAGA Innovations
These youth will receive the intensive mathematics tutoring by SAGA Innovations, with students randomized to tutors.
Other: SAGA Innovations
An intensive math tutoring program.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Math achievement [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Performance on math standardized achievement test scores

  2. Absentee rate [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Number of school absences, obtained from Chicago Public Schools (CPS) administrative database

  3. Student misconduct [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Number of school misconduct infractions, obtained from Chicago Public Schools administrative database

  4. Total courses failed [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Number of total school courses failed, obtained from Chicago Public Schools administrative database

  5. Math courses failed [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Number of math courses failed, obtained from Chicago Public Schools administrative database

  6. Non-math courses failed [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Number of non-math courses failed, obtained from Chicago Public Schools administrative database

  7. Math course grades [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Math course grades, obtained from Chicago Public Schools administrative database

  8. School persistence [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Measure from CPS student records of school persistence (enrollment or graduation status by end of academic year)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Violent crime arrests [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Number of violent crime arrests, obtained from Chicago Police Department and Illinois State Police administrative databases

  2. Other arrests (property, drug, and other crimes) [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Number of non-violent crime arrests, including property crimes, drug crimes, and other crimes, obtained from Chicago Police Department and Illinois State Police administrative databases

  3. Quarterly earnings data [ Time Frame: 1-year ]
    Quarterly earnings collected by the Illinois Department of Employment Security, maintained for the state unemployment insurance system



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Low-performing Chicago Public School high schools, chosen in collaboration with the Chicago Public Schools based on criteria such as dropout rate, test scores, scores on academic rating scale, etc.
  • School administrators are enthusiastic about the program and agree to terms and conditions of the experimental design
  • Male and female youth within these schools who are rising 9th and 10th graders in academic year (AY) 2015-16

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Youth who have missed >60% of days during AY2014-15 (through March), and so would not be expected to show up in school enough during intervention year (AY2015-16) to benefit from school-based programming
  • Youth who have failed >75% of classes during AY2014-15 (through March)
  • Youth who have Individualized Education Program (IEP) designations for autism, "educable mentally handicapped," and/or traumatic brain injury

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02673645


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
Northwestern University
SAGA Innovations
Chicago Public Schools
Crown Family Philanthropies
Lloyd A. Fry Foundation
Paul M. Angell Family Foundation
Polk Bros. Foundation
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Guryan, PhD Northwestern University
Principal Investigator: Jens Ludwig, PhD University of Chicago
Principal Investigator: Kelly Hallberg, PhD University of Chicago
Publications:
Cook P, Dodge K, Farkas G, Fryer RG, Guryan J, Ludwig J, Mayer S, Pollack H, Steinberg L. Not Too Late: Improving Academic Outcomes for Disadvantaged Youth. Northwestern Institute for Policy Research Working Paper, February 2015.
Cook P, Dodge K, Farkas G, Fryer RG, Guryan J, Ludwig J, Mayer S, Pollack H, Steinberg L. The (Surprising) Efficacy of Academic and Behavioral Intervention with Disadvantaged Youth: Results from a Randomized Experiment in Chicago. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. 19862, 2014.
Fryer RG. Injecting Charter School Best Practices into Traditional Public Schools: Evidence from Field Experiments. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 129(3): 1355-1407, 2014.

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02673645    
Other Study ID Numbers: SBS IRB15-0711
First Posted: February 4, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017
Keywords provided by University of Chicago:
Educational Achievement