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Targeted Therapy Using Intradermal Injection of Etanercept for Remission Induction in Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (TARGET-DLE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02656082
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 14, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom
Pfizer
Clinical Trials Research Unit, Leeds
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yuzaiful Md Yusof, University of Leeds

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine whether Etanercept which is given through intradermal injection is effective in the treatment of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE).

The investigators also would like to develop new tests to measure skin inflammation by scanning the affected skin using optical coherence tomography (OCT), thermography and laser doppler imaging (LDI) and taking photographs of the rash (to be done before and after treatment). If the findings from these new tests are similar to the ones from taking a sample of skin (biopsy), then the latter (which is an invasive test) can be avoided.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus, Chronic Cutaneous Drug: Etanercept Phase 2

Detailed Description:

There is an unmet need for new therapies to control inflammation in discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). A significant proportion of DLE patients (with or without systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)) are resistant to conventional therapies and DLE may be exacerbated by B cell depletion therapy.There is no clinical guideline or algorithm on how to manage patients with DLE who have refractory disease to the first line agents, anti-malarials. If left untreated, uncontrolled inflammation will lead to permanent disfiguring and irreversible scar to the patient, thus pose a major cosmetic issue and significantly impair the quality of life.

Targeted therapy based on immunopathogenesis is an attractive approach and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is implicated in the pathogenesis of DLE. However, systemic administration of TNF blockers has been associated with induction of pathogenic autoantibodies that may render SLE worse or progression from DLE only to SLE. TNF blockers have been administered using the intra-dermal injection route in other TNF-mediated diseases and appear similarly safe and effective to systemic administration.

Another issue is the problem with outcome measures as skin disease is particularly heterogenous and many instruments rely on subjective assessment which may be difficult even in the hands of experts.

The TARGET-DLE trial will address these problems by: (i) administering a TNF blocker, etanercept using the intra-dermal route, which will provide local concentration to neutralise TNF in tissue while minimises the effect to systemic immunity and (ii) measuring tissue response using the existing outcome measure; the modified limited Score of Activity and Damage in DLE (SADDLE) as well as new objective measures such as skin biopsy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), thermography and laser Doppler imaging (LDI).

Data from this study may be used to power a definitive randomised controlled trial should the primary end point be achieved.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Arm, Phase II Open Label Trial to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of Intra-dermal Injection of Etanercept for Remission Induction in Discoid Lupus Erythematosus
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 31, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lupus
Drug Information available for: Etanercept

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Etanercept
Intradermal injection of etanercept. The dosage is determined based on discoid lesion radius. Weekly injection up to 12 weeks.
Drug: Etanercept
Treatment with etanercept is intended for remission induction of DLE only and not for maintenance purpose.
Other Name: Enbrel




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of patients who achieve a reduction in the modified limited Score of Activity and Damage in Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (SADDLE) score by 20% of the baseline score in the index lesion [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    A modified SADDLE score will be used; limited to only one index lesion and the efficacy is judged based on total score in activity component only.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Physician's Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for global assessment of disease activity from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    The investigator will rate the overall disease activity status of the participant with respect to the DLE signs and symptoms and the functional capacity of the participant, using a 100mm VAS where 0 is "very good, asymptomatic, and no limitation of normal activities" and 100 is "very poor, very severe symptoms which are intolerable, and inability to carry out all normal activities."

  2. Change in daily oral prednisolone dose from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    Corticosteroid doses should be converted to prednisolone-equivalent doses (if not taking prednisolone form of corticosteroid) for data analysis. Expressed in milligram (mg).

  3. Change in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    This participant-reported outcome consists of 10 questions concerning participants' perception of the impact of skin diseases on different aspects of their health related quality of life over the preceding week.

  4. Change in Participant's VAS for global health assessment from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    Participants will rate their global assessment of their DLE disease activity for the day of the visit using a 100mm VAS where 0 is "very good, no symptoms" and 100 is "very poor, very severe symptoms."

  5. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: From Baseline to 15 weeks ]
  6. Number of participants with new development or worsening of positive anti-nuclear antigen (ANA) titres from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 7 and 15 ]
  7. Number of participants with new development or worsening of positive anti-double stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) titres from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 7 and 15 ]
  8. Number of participants with new development or worsening of positive anti-extract nuclear antigen (ENA) titres from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 7 and 15 ]
  9. Number of participants with new development or worsening of positive anti-cardiolipin antibody (ACA) titres from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 7 and 15 ]
  10. Change in complement (C3 and C4) levels below the normal limit (if normal at baseline) [ Time Frame: At Week 7 and 15 ]
  11. Number of participants with detectable serum etanercept level [ Time Frame: At Week 5 ]
  12. Change in disease activity as assessed using the British Isles Lupus Activity Groups (BILAG)-2004 score from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 7 and 15 ]
    This is only assessed in participants with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) rather than DLE only at Baseline

  13. Change in disease activity as assessed using SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 7 and 15 ]
    This is only assessed in participants with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) rather than DLE only at Baseline

  14. Change in total histiopathologic score of skin biopsy from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    The skin biopsy will be scored for the classic histological features of DLE including (i) interface dermatitis (ii) vacuolar alteration of the basal layer, (iii) thickening of the basement membrane, (iv) follicular plugging, (v) hyperkeratosis, (vi) atrophy of the epidermis, (vii) inflammatory cell infiltrate in a perivascular, periappendageal and subepidermal location and (viii) dermal mucin deposition using a graded scale of 0-3; 0=none, 1=slight, 2=moderate and 3=strong for each feature.

  15. Change in total OCT score from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    The OCT will be scored for (i) thickening and disruption of the entrance signal (ii) thinning of layer below the entrance signal (iii) patchy hyporeflective zones in the epidermis and (iv) wide signal free cavities in the upper dermis using a graded scale of 0-3; 0=none, 1=slight, 2=moderate and 3=strong for each parameter

  16. Change in the difference in temperature between active DLE and nonactive area as assessed using thermography from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    Thermography is a non-invasive technique that detects infrared radiation to provide an image of the temperature distribution across skin surface. The temperature will be measured in Celcius

  17. Change in perfusion per unit blood flow as assessed using LDI from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    LDI is a non-invasive imaging modality that is used to monitor blood perfusion in dermal tissue. Based on the well-established Doppler principle, this beam collects back-scattered light without touching the tissue and generates colour-coded images of the spatial distribution of tissue perfusion. This is expressed in terms of arbitrary perfusion units (PU).

  18. Change in photograph score from Baseline [ Time Frame: At Week 12 ]
    The index lesion will be photographed using macro digital camera. These images will then be scored by two dermatologists who will be blinded to the clinical status, for response to therapy using a graded scale of 1-5; 1=remission, 2=slight improvement, 3=no change in response, 4=slight worsening and 5=severe worsening.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults aged 18-80 years old.
  • Have at least one active DLE lesion, either diagnosed by skin biopsy or confirmation by Dermatologist/ Rheumatologist.
  • Patients with DLE only and SLE patients with DLE are included.
  • Have refractory disease to an anti-malarial for at least 3 months as assessed by Dermatologist/Rheumatologist.
  • Patients receiving anti-malarials must have been receiving them for at least 3 months prior to Screening, with a stable dose regimen for at least 28 days (±1 day) prior to Baseline (the first study drug administration)
  • Ability to provide an informed consent.
  • All male and female patients biologically capable of having children must agree to use a reliable method of contraception for the duration of the study and for a period of 3 weeks after their final dose of study drug. Acceptable methods of contraception are surgical sterilisation, oral, implantable or injectable hormonal methods, intrauterine devices or barrier contraceptives.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any prior treatment with TNF-blockade therapies.
  • Intramuscular or intra-dermal corticosteroid within 28 days of the Screening visit.
  • Corticosteroid of greater than 10mg prednisolone daily equivalent, or change in oral steroid dose within 28 days prior to Baseline Visit.
  • A change in the dose of other immunosuppressant including methotrexate, azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil within 28 days (±1 day) prior to Baseline Visit.
  • Concomitant therapies with any alkylating agents (e.g. cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil), other immunosuppressant including sulfasalazine and leflunomide, other biological agent particularly anakinra and abatacept and other experimental drug. If patients are on any of these, they need to be off therapies for at least 28 days prior to Baseline Visit to allow for washout.
  • Evidence of an immunosuppressive state, including an active HIV infection, agammaglobulinaemias, T-cell deficiencies or Human T cell Lymphotrophic Virus Type 1 (HTLV-1).
  • Chronic active infection such as hepatitis B or hepatitis C and tuberculosis. Patients with latent tuberculosis may be included if treated with chemoprophylaxis for at least 2 months before starting the study and to continue chemoprophylaxis for a total of 6 months.
  • History of cancer within the last 5 years except for squamous or basal cell skin carcinoma that has been completely excised and treated cervical carcinoma in situ.
  • Demyelinating diseases.
  • Moderate to severe heart failure based on New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III and IV.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Breastfeeding.
  • Planned surgery within the study period which is expected to require omission of study medication of 28 days or more.
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 28 days prior to the Baseline Visit.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02656082


Locations
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United Kingdom
Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, Chapel Allerton Hospital
Leeds, United Kingdom, LS7 4SA
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Leeds
National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom
Pfizer
Clinical Trials Research Unit, Leeds
Investigators
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Study Chair: Paul Emery, MD FMedSci University of Leeds

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Responsible Party: Yuzaiful Md Yusof, Principal Investigator, University of Leeds
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02656082     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RR15/114
2015-001602-33 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 14, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 27, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Keywords provided by Yuzaiful Md Yusof, University of Leeds:
Discoid lupus erythematosus
Intradermal injection of etanercept
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid
Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Skin Diseases
Etanercept
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors