Rehabilitation of Patients After THR - Based on Patients´Selfrated Health (Rehab-THR)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02644096|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 31, 2015
Results First Posted : June 20, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2016
Objective: The investigators hypothesized that all areas of health status after total hip replacement could be improved in patients aged over 65 years and over by using telephone support and counselling 2 and 10 weeks after surgery compared with a control group receiving conventional care and treatment.
Design: A randomised clinical trial focusing on patients' health status by using SF-36 at 4 weeks pre- and 3 and 9 months postoperatively was carried out. Sample: 180 patients aged 65 and over were randomised 4 weeks preoperatively to either control or intervention groups. Measurements: Both groups received conventional surgical treatment, but the intervention group was interviewed by telephone 2 and 10 weeks after surgery. Patients were given counselling within eight main dimensions with reference to their postoperative situation.
Key-words: THR - elderly patients - health status - postoperative support - counselling
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Total Hip Replacement||Other: counselling and support after discharge from hospital||Phase 1|
Primary outcome: the physical dimensions in health status. The intervention could lead to an improvement of 50% in the physical health score on the SF-36 questionnaire.
Theoretical frame of reference: the nursing intervention in this study was based on the Murray and Maslow's theories of motivation combined with Piaget's theory of development in which the main goal is to promote and maintain patients' active involvement in their own care.
Intervention: All patients received the standard postoperative procedure in the hospital, which means discharge after 5-7 days and a clinical control in the outpatient department after 3 months. But the intervention group also received telephone support and counselling 2 and 10 weeks after surgery. The intervention was performed by the same nurse using a structured interview guide to identify the patients' perceptions of their current situations and need for further support and counselling of importance to their health status. Together the patients and the nurse assessed the patients' situation and areas of improvements. The assessment focused on eight main dimensions referring to the patients' situation after Total Hip Replacement (THR). (1) Wellbeing. (2) Expectations as to PF after surgery. (3) Expectations as to PF compared with those before surgery. (4) Symptoms (pain, leg-oedema, vertigo, sleep disturbance, nausea and other concerns) and (5) Problems with eating and appetite. (6) Fluid intake. (7) Ability to follow prescribed activity and exercise. (8) Need of support from family. For each of the problems identified,individual solutions were suggested and practical counselling was given by the investigator.
Statistical analysis: Data were processed by using the statistical program Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 13.0 (Boston, MA, USA). Ratio-scaled data from both groups (intervention and control) were compared by using parametric methods if data were normally distributed, but if not, nonparametric methods were used. Nominal scaled data were compared by using the chi-square test or using 95% CI around the association measure.
Categorical variables were compared using Pearson's chi-square test if appropriate. For continuous data, changes within the groups were analysed by using a paired t-test. Groups were compared using an unpaired t-test (for normally distributed data). p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||175 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Rehabilitation of Patients Aged 65 and Over After Total Hip Replacement - Based on Patients´Health Status|
|Study Start Date :||September 2004|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 2007|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 2013|
No Intervention: conventional treatment
After surgery, patients with total hip replacement are only seen once 3 months after surgery, and they have no further contact with the hospital.
counselling and support after discharge from hospital
Other: counselling and support after discharge from hospital
patients were contacted by telephone 2 times after discharge from surgery by a specialist nurse, who followed an interview guide due to nursing-rehabilitation after THR
- Change in Physical Dimensions in Health Status of Elderly Patients From 4 Weeks Pre Operatively to 9 Months Post Operatively After THR. Health Status is Measured by the Questionnaire Short-form 36 (SF-36). [ Time Frame: Four weeks preoperatively and nine moths after discharge. ]
The health status was assessed by Short-Form 36 (SF-36) which is a self-administered generic questionnaire that has been shown to be reliable and valid for measuring functioning, well-being and general health status. The instrument measures the eight health dimensions listed in figure 3. Reflecting the impact of both dysfunctions and general health perception the questionnaire measures: physical function (PF), role physical (RF), bodily pain (BP), social function (SF) role emotional (RE), general health (GH), vitality (VT) and mental health (MH). The questions related to each dimension are scored on a scale from 0 (worst score) to 100 (best score).
All patients who had been consecutively admitted for THR were mailed an introduction letter together with a questionnaire containing a number and a prepaid return envelope. In the questionnaire they were asked to give demographic data and assess their health status