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Pembrolizumab for HPV-associated Recurrent Respiratory Papilloma Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02632344
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 16, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2023
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sara Pai, MD, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This research study is evaluating an immune modulatory agent as a possible treatment for patients with Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) with significant disease involving the larynx, trachea, and/or lungs. The investigators will be using Pembrolizumab as the treating agent.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis Drug: Pembrolizumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved Pembrolizumab for your specific disease but it has been approved for other uses.

Pembrolizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody. Pembrolizumab is being studied in several other clinical trials to see if it has an effect in helping the immune system to recognize and eliminate abnormal cells in the body. The antibody blocks a receptor expressed on immune cells, called T cells, and by blocking this receptor it has the potential to activate the T cells to kill abnormal cells, such as virally infected cells.

In this research study, the investigators are looking at whether Pembrolizumab can restore the natural ability of the immune system to recognize and eliminate Human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected cells from the body.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pembrolizumab for HPV-associated Recurrent Respiratory Papilloma Patients With Laryngeal, Tracheal and/or Pulmonary Involvement
Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab 200 mg will be administered as a 30 minute IV infusion every 3 weeks. Treatment will be administered on Day 1 of each cycle after all procedures/assessments have been completed
Drug: Pembrolizumab
200 mg will be administered as a 30 minute IV infusion every 3 weeks on day 1 of each cycle after all procedures/assessments have been completed.
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • MK-3475

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate Via Clinical Assessment and/or RECIST [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess Quality of Life Via Self-Report Questionnaires [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment and every 3 weeks up to 2 years ]
  2. Number of Participants with Adverse Events Through CTCAE [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years after enrollment of the last the patient ]
  3. Assess Change in Immune Biomarkers [ Time Frame: Pre-treatment and Weeks 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, and 96 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent for the trial.
  • Be 12 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
  • Have histologically confirmed diagnosis of RRP that involves the trachea, lungs, and/or larynx. The latter of which has required 3 or more surgeries within a year to remove the lesions from their larynx. Subjects must have evaluable disease either based on RECIST 1.1 and/or endoscopic parameters, as discussed above.
  • Be required to provide tissue from a newly obtained biopsy of a tumor lesion. Newly-obtained is defined as a specimen obtained up to 6 weeks (42 days) prior to study registration. Subjects for whom newly-obtained samples cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or subject safety concern) may submit an archived specimen only upon agreement from PI.
  • Have confirmed human papillomavirus-associated lesions based on in-situ hybridization testing and/or polymerase chain reaction which may be performed on a newly obtained biopsy or archived sample.
  • Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the ECOG Performance Scale.
  • Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in Table 1, all screening labs should be performed within 10 days of study registration System Laboratory Value

    • Hematological

      • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500 /mcL
      • Platelets ≥100,000 / mcL
      • Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL or ≥5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or EPO dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
    • Renal

      • Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance ≤1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR
      • (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) ≥60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN
    • Hepatic

      • Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN OR Direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
      • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
      • Albumin >2.5 mg/dL
    • Coagulation

      • International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT)≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants.
      • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants.
    • Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard.
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving any dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication (Reference Section 5.7.2). Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year. The methods of surgical sterilization include having had a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), bilateral oophorectomy (removal of both ovaries), tubal ligation (having your tubes tied), and transvaginal occlusion (blocking the tubes with a coil).
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to study registration.
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.
  • Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study registration or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study registration or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent.

    --Note: Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study.

  • Recovery from effects of any major surgery or significant traumatic injury at least 28 days before the first dose of study treatment. Endoscopic debridement of RRP lesions is NOT considered a major surgery
  • No known diagnosis of invasive squamous cell carcinoma within the previous 2 years.
  • Patients with invasive squamous cell carcinoma derived from their RRP who are not considered appropriate for surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy by their treating oncology team may be considered eligible for the study.
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  • Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.
  • Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
  • Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected).
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. --Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02632344

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United States, Illinois
NorthShore University HealthSystem
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60208
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
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Principal Investigator: Sara Pai, MD PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Sara Pai, MD, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02632344    
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-469
First Posted: December 16, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2023
Last Verified: March 2023
Keywords provided by Sara Pai, MD, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Laryngeal papilloma, recurrent
Respiratory papillomatosis
Juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis
Human papillomavirus
Virally-related diseases
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Tract Infections
Papillomavirus Infections
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Communicable Diseases
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Tumor Virus Infections
Genital Diseases
Urogenital Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action