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Effects of Senior Dance on Risk Factors for Falls (DanSE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02603523
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Universidade Cidade de Sao Paulo
University of Sydney
The George Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marcia Rodrigues Costa Franco, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho

Brief Summary:
The efficacy of exercise programs to prevent falls among older people is well documented in the literature. However, older people's adherence to these exercise programs has been reported to be suboptimal, varying between 21% and 74%. In addition, about 45% of people aged over 60 years do not meet the minimum recommended level of physical activity. In this context, dance is a promising alternative to traditional exercise programs, as it can positively influence important risk factors for falls, such as sedentary lifestyle, balance impairments and muscle weakness. Nevertheless, a recent systematic review conducted in this area show that the lack of randomized clinical trials as well as the low methodological quality of existing studies do not allow to reach definitive conclusions on the real effects of dance on risk factors for falls. A type of dance that is becoming popular among the older population in Brazil is the Senior Dance. Senior Dance classes consist of different choreographies, which include rhythmic and simple movements with rhythmic folk songs. The concentration required to learn the choreographies challenges balance, motor coordination and cognitive function. Thus the present study is a randomized clinical trial aiming to investigate the Senior Dance effect on balance, mobility and cognitive function, compared with a control group, among older people living in the community. A total of 82 subjects will be randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group will participate in a 12-week, twice-weekly group-based program of Senior Dance, while the control will be encouraged to maintain their current routine activities. Outcomes measures (balance, mobility and cognitive function) will be evaluated before and after the intervention by an assessor blinded to group allocation. The results of this study will assist health practitioners when prescribing intervention for the older population.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Accidental Falls Behavioral: Senior Dance Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Senior Dance on Risk Factors for Falls in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : January 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Falls

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Senior Dance
The intervention group will attend a single educational class on fall risk factors and prevention, and will participate in a 12-week, twice-weekly group-based program of Senior Dance. Each dance class will last for an hour, and the number of participants per class will range from 10 to 15. Senior Dance-certified instructors will lead the classes. The Senior Dance classes consist of different choreographies, which include rhythmic and simple movements with rhythmic folk songs. During the classes, participants can practice the movements sitting or standing, quickly or slowly, in circles, individually, in pairs or in small groups.
Behavioral: Senior Dance
The Senior Dance classes consist of different choreographies, which include rhythmic and simple movements with rhythmic folk songs. During the classes, participants can practice the movements sitting or standing, quickly or slowly, in circles, individually, in pairs or in small groups. The concentration required to learn the choreographies challenges balance, motor coordination and cognitive function.

No Intervention: Control group
Participants in the control group will attend the same educational class on fall risk factors and prevention that intervention group participants will receive, and will be instructed not to take part in any regular exercise programs such as supervised group exercise, Tai Chi, Yoga, or any dance activity during the study period. At the end of the study, they will be offered Senior Dance classes, twice a week, during 12 weeks.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Single-leg stance with eyes closed [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after randomization ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Short Physical Performance Battery [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after randomization ]
  2. Falls Efficacy Scale - International (FES-I) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after randomization ]
  3. Trail Making Test (TMT) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after randomization ]
  4. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA): [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after randomization ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Community-dwelling aged 60 years or over
  • Cognitively intact (defined as a minimum score of 24 points on the Mini Mental Status Examination).

Exclusion criteria:

  • Previous stroke with severe neurological impairment
  • Progressive neurological disease
  • Severe visual deficiency, dizziness or vertigo for less than 3 months
  • Inability to maintain a standing position, even with the use of a walking aid or other device
  • Any illness that the physician considers as an exercise contra-indication (e.g. uncontrolled angina, acute coronary disease).
  • Participants who are currently participating in regular exercise programs including strength training and balance challenge, such as supervised group exercise, Tai Chi, Yoga, or any dance activity.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02603523


Locations
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Brazil
UNESP
Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil, 19.060-900
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Universidade Cidade de Sao Paulo
University of Sydney
The George Institute
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Marcia R Franco, PhD Departamento de Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brasil
Study Director: Carlos Marcelo Pastre, PhD Departamento de Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brasil
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Marcia Rodrigues Costa Franco, Dr, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02603523    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015/07704-9
First Posted: November 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Keywords provided by Marcia Rodrigues Costa Franco, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho:
accidental falls
older people
dance
randomized controlled trial