Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Comparison of Amnion Chorion Membrane vs. Dense Polytetrafluoroethylene Membrane in Ridge Preservation Procedures

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02602223
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 11, 2015
Results First Posted : October 7, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 7, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Snoasis Medical Products
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sivaraman Prakasam, Indiana University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to examine if a biologically active commercially available amnion chorion membrane (ACM) is as effective as the commercially available inert dense polytetrafluoroethylene membrane (D-PTFE) in preserving jaw bone dimensions and whether it provides the added benefit of reducing post-operative discomfort after dental surgery

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alveolar Bone Loss Pathological Conditions, Anatomical Device: Placing Amnion chorion membrane over grafted site Device: Placing d-PTFE membrane over grafted site Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this study is to examine if a biologically active commercially available amnion chorion membrane (ACM) is as effective as the commercially available inert dense polytetrafluoroethylene membrane (D-PTFE) in preserving jaw bone dimensions and whether it provides the added benefit of reducing post-operative discomfort after dental surgery. The hypotheses for the study is that the use of ACM in preservation of bone dimensions in extraction socket will result in greater remaining horizontal and vertical ridge dimension, and reduced postoperative discomfort when compared with D-PTFE in sites where extraction socket will not be closed by advancing the gums. Subjects in need of single rooted teeth extraction on both left and right side of the same jaw will be recruited. Pre-surgical clinical and radiological measurements will be made using dental calipers, stents and reduced cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) three dimensional scans. Involved teeth will be extracted with minimal trauma. Freeze dried bone allograft (bone from human donors) will be used in all extraction sockets. ACM will be used in the one extraction socket and D-PTFE in the other extraction socket without advancing the gums to cover the socket. A Visual Analog Score (VAS), pain scale questionnaire will be given to record the postoperative discomfort and patient will be seen for routine post-operative monitoring as well as research measurements. At 3-months recall postoperatively, clinical measurements and radiographic measurements will be recorded as before. Wound fluid will also be collected at all visits. The sites will be reentered and trephine core (bone sample) will be collected for histomorphometric as well as microtomographic assessment. Statistical analysis will be performed to test the significance using a mixed-model analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Split-mouth Clinical Trial on Effectiveness of Amnion-Chorion Membranes in Alveolar Ridge Preservation: a Clinical, Radiological, & Morphometric Study
Study Start Date : September 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Amnion chorion membrane
Amnion chorion membrane will be placed over bone graft after socket preservation on randomly assigned side of the mouth i.e., contra-lateral to the active comparator.
Device: Placing Amnion chorion membrane over grafted site
Selected teeth were extracted with minimal trauma to hard and soft tissues. The extraction sites were evaluated to verify presence of intact socket walls. Sockets were thoroughly debrided and a combination of demineralized freeze-dried bone and mineralized freeze-dried bone allograft from a single lot number (Maxxeus, Ohio, U.S.A) was placed in the sockets. Per randomization protocol ACM (BioXclude, Snoasis Medical, Colorado, U.S.A were tucked into the buccal and lingual flaps, which were minimally elevated (2-3mm) and d-PTFE sutures (Osteogenics Medical, Texas, U.S.A) were used to keep membrane in place. Primary closure was not attempted and membranes were intentionally left exposed
Other Name: BioXclude

Active Comparator: d-PTFE membrane
dense polytetrafluoroethylene membrane will be placed over bone graft after socket preservation on randomly assigned side of the mouth i.e., contra-lateral to the Experimental side
Device: Placing d-PTFE membrane over grafted site
Selected teeth were extracted with minimal trauma to hard and soft tissues. The extraction sites were evaluated to verify presence of intact socket walls. Sockets were thoroughly debrided and a combination of demineralized freeze-dried bone and mineralized freeze-dried bone allograft from a single lot number (Maxxeus, Ohio, U.S.A) was placed in the sockets. Per randomization protocol d-PTFE membranes (Cytoplast, Osteogenics Medical, Texas, U.S.A) were tucked into the buccal and lingual flaps, which were minimally elevated (2-3mm) and d-PTFE sutures (Osteogenics Medical, Texas, U.S.A) were used to keep membrane in place. Primary closure was not attempted and membranes were intentionally left exposed
Other Name: Cytoplast




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Amount of Preservation of Alveolar Ridge Dimensions i.e..,Clinical Horizontal Ridge Width Change in Millimeter as Result of Ridge Preservation Procedures [ Time Frame: 3-4 months ]
    A radiographic stent will be fabricated with reproducible access holes ≈5 mm apical to the mid-facial and mid-lingual gingival margin of the teeth to be extracted. On day of surgery, a calibrated examiner masked to treatment allocation, will record initial clinical bucco-lingual (iCBL) ridge measurements in millimeters (mm), through the access holes in the stent, using calipers. Approximately 3.5(±0.5)-months post extractions, the calibrated examiner masked to treatment allocation, will record the final clinical bucco-lingual (fCBL) ridge measurements in mm using the calipers as described earlier. The difference between fCBL and iCBL will be calculated as change in clinical horizontal ridge width dimensions in mm (cΔHD).

  2. Evaluation of Preservation of Ridge Quality Through Microtomographic Analysis for Microarchitectural Parameters Expressed as Percentages. [ Time Frame: 3-4 month ]
    Approximately 3-months post extractions, a 2.5x10mm core of bone will be removed from the center of the residual ridge using a 2.5mm inner-diameter trephine bur. Cores will be immediately placed into 10%-formalin. A high-resolution microtomographic scanner will be used and images will be scanned at a voxel size of 8µm3. Moist bone cores will be wrapped in paraffin and scanned in air. Cores will be rotated in 0.7 degree increments with 450milli second time exposition. A 0.5m aluminum filter will be used to remove image noise. After scanning, 3D microstructural image data will be reconstructed using software. Structural indices will be calculated using a software. The micro-architectural variables; bone volume density (BV/TV), and bone surface density (BS/BV); will be quantified and reported as percentages.

  3. Evaluation of Preservation of Ridge Quality Through Histological Analysis for Microarchitectural Parameters Expressed as Percentages. [ Time Frame: 3-4 months ]
    Approximately 3.5(±0.5)-months post extractions, a 2.5x10mm core of bone will be removed from the center of the residual ridge using a 2.5mm inner-diameter trephine bur. Cores will be immediately placed into 10%-formalin. Cores will be process and embedded in polymethylmethacrylate and sectioned to 5μm thickness and sections will be stained with Goldener's Trichrome. With the Goldener's trichrome, mineralized bone appears as green or blue regions, osteoid appears orange-red, nuclei appears blue-grey and graft remnants appear grey. Additional differentiation between graft and new bone will be achieved by morphologically assessing each sample individually. A slide scanner will be used to image the sample (20x magnification), and a software program will be used for the histomorphometric analysis, to quantify the amount of total mineralized bone, new bone / osteoid, soft tissue, and residual graft remnants in percentages .

  4. Post Operative Pain [ Time Frame: 0-2 weeks ]
    A visual Analog score (VAS) pain scale form (scale of 1 to 10) will be provided with instructions to record pain levels on both surgical sites every day for 2-weeks post-surgery. VAS score of 10 indicates highest level of pain and 0 indicates no pain. Subjects will also asked to log any pain medications taken in that 2-week period. Subjects will be seen at 1&2 weeks for post-operative evaluation and VAS forms will be collected. Data will be reported as Average VAS score.

  5. Amount of Preservation of Alveolar Ridge Dimensions Following Ridge Preservation Procedures i.e., Horizontal Ridge Width Height Change in Millimeters as Assessed Through Analysis of CBCT Scans. [ Time Frame: 3-4 months ]
    Radiographic stent with radiopaque reference plane (RRP) will be used to obtain pre-extraction CBCT scans. Approximately 3-months post extractions, a second CBCT will be taken. Radiographic Analyses will be done using radiographic image analysis software by a calibrated examiner. The initial relative crest (iRC) reference point will be determined. The buccal and lingual crests at the central plane of site will be marked and distances from this crest to RRP will be measured in mm. The average distance of the buccal crest height and the lingual crest height will be calculated and that value will be used to determine the iRC for that site. Initial Bucco-lingual (iRBL) measurements will be recorded at 1 mm, 3 mm and 7 mm from iRC in all five planes. The final bucco-lingual (fRBL) measurements will be recorded on the second CBCT, using the same method as described before and using the iRC reference. Differences between iRBL and the fRBL reflect change in horizontal ridge width (RΔHD).

  6. Amount of Preservation of Alveolar Ridge Dimensions Following Ridge Preservation Procedures i.e., Vertical Ridge Height Change in Millimeters as Assessed Through Analysis of CBCT Scans. [ Time Frame: 3-4 months ]
    Radiographic stent with a radiopaque reference plane (RRP) will be used to obtain pre-extraction CBCT scans. Approximately 3.5(±0.5)-months post extractions, a second CBCT will be taken. Radiographic Analyses will be done using radiographic image analysis software by a calibrated examiner. Initial relative crest iRC will be determined as described above from the initial CBCT. In the second CBCT, vertical distance from the iRC from initial CBCT will be used to recreate the iRC. New relative crest will be determined for each of the three planes (nRC) as above. The difference between iRC and nRC indicates change in vertical dimension at each plane (RΔVD) i.e., iRC - nRC = (RΔVD). Positive (RΔVD) values indicate relative loss of crestal bone height and negative (RΔVD) values indicate relative gain of crestal bone height.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects needing bilateral non-molar dental extractions in the same arch and consenting to a 2nd surgery for core-biopsy participated in the study. Subjects were required to be within the American Academy of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classifications ASA I or ASA II. Males between 18-75 years and females between 18-50 years of age were screened.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • inability or anticipated failure to maintain adequate oral hygiene; evidence of active periodontitis; pregnant or breastfeeding mothers, unstable systemic diseases or with compromised immune system (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes, etc.) or unstable bleeding disorders; active infectious diseases (e.g., hepatitis, tuberculosis, HIV, etc.); mental disabilities that may hinder participation; active immunosuppressive therapy, cancer therapy and/or radiation to the oral cavity within last 6-months; conditions/medications contraindicated for bone regeneration (e.g., methotrexate, steroids, bisphosphonates, cyclosporin-A), and and self-reported tobacco usage (equivalent to >20 cigarettes per day).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02602223


Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University
Snoasis Medical Products
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Sivaraman Prakasam, BDS., MSD., PhD Oregon Health & Science University & Indiana University
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Sivaraman Prakasam, Assistant Professor, Indiana University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02602223    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1207009182
First Posted: November 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 7, 2016
Last Update Posted: October 7, 2016
Last Verified: August 2016
Keywords provided by Sivaraman Prakasam, Indiana University:
Alveolar Ridge Augmentation
Tooth Socket
Guided Tissue Regeneration
Membranes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Alveolar Bone Loss
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Bone Resorption
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Periodontal Atrophy
Periodontal Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases