Hypoalgesic Effect of Neural Mobilization Versus Ibuprofen Pharmacologic Treatment
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02593721|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 2, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 4, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cervicobrachial Neuralgia||Procedure: Median Nerve Neural Mobilization Drug: Ibuprofen||Phase 2 Phase 3|
Median Nerve Neural Mobilization and Ibuprofen both relieve cervicobrachial pain, but this happens through different mechanisms and with a different onset of side effects. Median Nerve Neural Mobilization is a physical therapy technique that achieves pain relief through mechanical stimulation of the median nerve and the brachial plexus. The proper mechanical stimulation of the nerve and its surrounding neural tissue induces a wide variety of physiologic responses that may reduce cervicobrachial pain including the activation of descending nervous system pain modulation mechanisms, all though the entire set of underlying reasons for this pain reduction is not completely understood. Among the effects caused by the Neural Tissue Mobilization that produce pain relief are: intraneural edema reduction, changes on the intraneural nerve pressure,dispersion of pro-inflammatory substances and an increase in nerve mobility
Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used worldwide to control pain, fever and inflammation.Oral intake of Ibuprofen produces a hypoalgesic effect due to biochemical inhibition of the COX enzymes, which convert arachidonic acid to prostaglandin H2 (PGH2). PGH2, which in turn, is converted by other enzymes to several types of prostaglandins and thromboxanes (which are mediators of pain and inflammation).
Side effects derived from the oral intake of Ibuprofen are related to its systemic action and can be severe in some patients. This fact suggests that oral Ibuprofen may not be suitable to use in all types of patients suffering from cervicobrachial pain, meanwhile the Median Nerve Neural Mobilization has little to no side effects known. This reveals a point of interest in determining comparative effectiveness between this two therapeutic options in the treatment of cervicobrachial pain.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||50 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Hypoalgesic Effect of Median Nerve Neural Mobilization Versus Ibuprofen Pharmacologic Treatment in Patients With Cervicobrachial Pain|
|Study Start Date :||July 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 2015|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 2015|
Experimental: Median Nerve Neural Mobilization
15 minute Median Nerve Neural Mobilization sessions 5 times a week (monday to Friday) during 6 continuous weeks The maximum degree of elbow extension applied in the Median Nerve neural mobilization procedure was determined through the use of a Universal Goniometer Device.
Procedure: Median Nerve Neural Mobilization
Non-surgical non-invasive Median Nerve neural mobilization procedure was applied by a physical therapist continuously during 2 minutes in 5 different occasions with 1 minute of rest between each 2 minute application of the Neural Mobilization technique. The intervention was applied during a period of 6 weeks. The maximum level of elbow extension movement degree without the reproduction of symptoms during the application of the Median Nerve Neural mobilization treatment was determined through the baseline use of a Universal Goniometer Device.
Active Comparator: Ibuprofen
A single daily 400 mg dose of oral Ibuprofen that can be increased depending on patient tolerance to a maximum dose of 1200 mg/day equally divided in 3 oral intakes of the drug every 8 hours during 6 continuous weeks.
The active comparator group received an oral Ibuprofen treatment. The starting dose was of 400 mg/day and it was increased to a maximum of 1200 mg/day divided in 3 oral intakes every 8 hours depending on patient tolerance.The intervention was applied during a period of 6 weeks.
- Change from baseline using the Numeric Rating Scale for Pain at 1 hour [ Time Frame: at baseline and 1 hour after the application of treatment, corresponding to intervention sessions 1, 15 and 30 ]The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) is an 11 point scale for patient self-reporting of pain, it was employed to evaluate the presence and relieve of cervicobrachial pain symptoms
- Change from baseline of the Physical function involving the affected upper limb using the Quik DASH Scale [ Time Frame: at baseline, corresponding to intervention session 1 and 30 of treatment. ]The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand ( QuickDASH) Test is a self-report short questionnaire designed to measure physical function and symptoms in people with any of several musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb.
- Change from baseline cervical rotation range of motion at 1 hour [ Time Frame: at baseline and 1 hour after the application of treatment, corresponding to intervention sessions 1 and 30 ]Cervical rotation was assessed in units of rotation degrees, using the cervical range-of-motion device (CROM).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02593721
|Centro de Medicina Fisica y de Rehabilitacion FISIOREH|
|Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela, 02001|
|Principal Investigator:||Francisco H Unda, PT, MSc||Universidad Europea de Madrid|