Glucose Tolerance in Children With Cystic Fibrosis (GluTolCF)
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02569229|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 6, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 25, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Glucose Intolerance Cystic Fibrosis||Other: Diagnostics for glucose tolerance with 3 different methods.|
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) with progressing disease are developing a glucose tolerance which resembles the metabolic state of a diabetic patient because of increasing impairment of endocrine pancreatic function. The prevalence of this diabetic metabolic state is increasing with age, reaching around 20% at the age of 20 years.
Over the last decade, research has already highlighted the negative influence of cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD) on morbidity and mortality after the diagnosis of this condition.
As the deterioration in nutritional status and lung function can already be noticed 2-6 years before the onset of CFRD, the importance of early diagnosis in glucose abnormalities and its treatment therefore is crucial.
The currently used method to evaluate altered glucose metabolism in patients with CF is an annual oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with the glucose value after 120 min after oral ingestion of glucose-fluid as reference. This method may detect CFRD much later than we see deterioration of lung function and weight loss. This deterioration and the mortality in CF is related to CFRD.
An alternative diagnostic tool that has gained increasing attention and that is already routinely used in pediatric patients with diabetes mellitus type I is the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) which was shown to be much more sensitive in detecting glucose abnormalities. To assess pancreatic endocrine dysfunction - the pathophysiologic cause for glucose intolerance - intravenous glucose tolerance testing (IVGTT) is the gold standard.
The investigator's aim is to describe the association of glucose tolerance measured with three different tools/assessment procedures (CGMS, OGTT and optional IVGTT) with lung function and anthropometric parameters.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||14 participants|
|Official Title:||Glucose Tolerance and Its Clinical Impact in Children and Adolescents With Cystic Fibrosis|
|Study Start Date :||June 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 2050|
Patients with Cystic Fibrosis
Patients between 10-20 years of age with genetically determined cystic fibrosis followed at the university children's hospital Basel and university children's hospital Kinderklinik Bern, Switzerland. All patients will get the diagnostics for glucose tolerance with 3 different methods (CGMS, OGTT and optionally IVGTT).
Other: Diagnostics for glucose tolerance with 3 different methods.
- % time spent above 8mmol/l, the area under the curve and the mean glucose value (in mmol/l) [ Time Frame: Beginning at day 1, lasting 7 days ]These measurements will be gained out of the 7 day CGMS-course (continuous glucose monitoring system).
- The glucose values given in mmol/l after 30', 60', 90' and 120 minutes during OGTT. [ Time Frame: Within the 7 day course of CGMS ]Standard oral glucose tolerance test.
- First phase insulin secretion and second phase insulin secretion out of IVGTT (intravenous glucose tolerance test). [ Time Frame: Within the 7 day course of CGMS ]Standard intravenous glucose tolerance test.
- FEV1% (forced expiratory volume at one second) out of the lung function testing [ Time Frame: Within 3 months of the 7 day course of CGMS ]
- Lung clearance index [ Time Frame: Within 3 months of the 7 day course of CGMS ]
- BMI-SDS (standard deviation score). [ Time Frame: At day 1 of the CGMS course ]
- HbA1c [ Time Frame: Within the 7 day course of CGMS ]
- Comparing the performance between CGMS and OGTT related to clinical parameters. [ Time Frame: 7 days ]The investigators compare the fit of a linear regression between the % time above 8mmol/l (out of CGMS) and the lung clearance index (LCI) with the fit of a linear regression of the 120min glucose value (out of OGTT) and the LCI. The same analysis will be performed comparing the fit of a regression between the % time above 8mmol/l (out of CGMS) and the FEV1% (out of lung function) with the fit of a linear regression of the 120min glucose value (out of OGTT) and the FEV1%. Finally, the same analysis will be performed comparing the fit of a linear regression using the % time above 8mmol/l (out of CGMS) and the BMI-SDS with the fit of a linear regression of the 120min glucose value (out of OGTT) and the BMI-SDS.
- Characterising glucose profiles over 24 hours [ Time Frame: 7 days ]The investigators will describe computer-based modelling of the glucose curves obtained with the CGMS, aiming to describe inter-/ and intraindividual variability in the profiles.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02569229
|University childrens hospital Basel, UKBB|
|Basel, Switzerland, 4056|
|Principal Investigator:||Christoph Saner, MD||University childrens Hospital, UKBB, Basel Switzerland|
|Study Director:||Urs Zumsteg, Prof||University childrens Hospital, UKBB, Basel Switzerland|