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Attitudes, Beliefs, and Preferences of Older Stage I-III Breast Cancer Survivors Towards Physical Activity

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02566408
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 2, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 3, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This clinical trial studies the attitudes, beliefs, and preferences of older stage I-III breast cancer survivors towards physical activity. Studies have shown that older African-American and women of lower socioeconomic status are more likely than their Caucasian counterparts and women of higher socioeconomic status to have functional disability at the time of a new breast cancer diagnosis. Functional disability is the inability to independently complete activities of daily living and increases health care costs and deaths. The poor health status of older African-Americans with breast cancer has been suggested to diminish the long-term benefits from cancer treatment, resulting in older African-American women more likely to die from breast cancer compared to Caucasians. Questionnaires that measure the attitudes, beliefs, and preferences of older breast cancer survivors may lead to the development of an intervention that increases physical activity, improves functional and health status, and improves breast cancer treatment benefits translating to improved survival among older breast cancer survivors in general, and in particular among older African-American and lower socioeconomic status women with breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Survivor Stage IA Breast Cancer Stage IB Breast Cancer Stage IIA Breast Cancer Stage IIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Other: One-on-one interview Other: Survey Questions Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess physical activity beliefs, attitudes and preferences (KAPs) of breast cancer (BCa) survivors to inform the development of a physical activity (PA) intervention that will foster initial enrollment and sustained participation, particularly for African American (AA) and socioeconomic status (SES)-disadvantaged BCa survivors.

OUTLINE:

INTERVIEWS AND GROUP DISCUSSION: Participants undergo a 2-hour one-on-one interview about their KAPs towards PA. Ten topics will be used to explore older women's attitudes toward PA: (a) terminology used to describe PA; (b) meaning of PA to older women; (c) usual PA during daily life; (d) perceived influences and benefits of PA on body and mind; (e) recent changes in PA and their influences on women's daily life; (f) facilitators and barriers to older women's participation in PA; (g) preferences for PA in general and specific types of PA; (h) age-related differences in attitudes toward PA; (i) ethnic differences in attitudes toward PA; (i) SES-related differences in attitudes toward PA; and (j) overall feeling about PA. Six topics will also be used to explore ethnic-specific and culture-specific contexts that surround older women's participation in PA: (a) older women's daily life schedules, and hardships and sufferings in daily lives; (b) culturally unique aspects of women's daily lives; (c) age-related difficulties and advantages in daily lives influencing older women's participation in PA; (d) ethnicity-related, cultural-related and SES-related difficulties and advantages in daily lives influencing women's participation in PA; (f) culturally available support for PA and women's preferences for support; and (g) older women's preferences for PA promotion programs.

REFINEMENT OF THE PA INTERVENTION: Approximately 1-2 months after the conclusion of interviews, participants are invited to a joint session and presented with results of analyzed data. Participants are asked to review results and themes identified from interviews, and to concur whether conclusions capture their KAPs. Through this process a set of preferences that is agreed upon by all as most critical for enhancing PA participation, adherence, and retention will be identified.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 61 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Attitudes, Beliefs and Preferences of Older Breast Cancer Survivors Towards Physical Activity
Actual Study Start Date : October 14, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 1, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 1, 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Supportive Care (interview about KAPs towards PA)

Participants undergo a 2-hour one-on-one interview and answer survey questions about their beliefs, attitudes, and preferences (KAPs) towards physical activity (PA). Ten topics will be used to explore older women's attitudes toward PA. Six topics will also be used to explore ethnic-specific and culture-specific contexts that surround older women's participation in PA.

REFINEMENT OF THE PA INTERVENTION: Approximately 1-2 months after the conclusion of interviews, participants are invited to a joint session and presented with results of analyzed data. Participants are asked to review results and themes identified from interviews, and to concur whether conclusions capture their KAPs. Through this process a set of preferences that is agreed upon by all as most critical for enhancing PA participation, adherence, and retention will be identified.

Other: One-on-one interview
Undergo one-on-one interview about KAPs towards PA

Other: Survey Questions
Complete survey




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews to identify features which foster initial enrollment of African Americans and Socioeconomic Status disadvantaged breast cancer survivors in breast cancer studies [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Features of the physical activity program that are important to the initial enrollment of older breast cancer survivors, particularly African American and Socioeconomic Status disadvantaged breast cancer survivors. These features will be analyzed using descriptive statistics. Examining the data by groups will further refine understanding of the emergent themes. Discussion of the findings and suggestions for interpretation will be used to guide subsequent analyses to more fully understand the themes and patterns among the themes.

  2. Qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews to identify attitudes towards physical activity. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Identification of attitudes of survivors toward physical activity will be analyzed using descriptive statistics. Examining the data by groups will further refine understanding of the emergent themes. Discussion of the findings and suggestions for interpretation will be used to guide subsequent analyses to more fully understand the themes and patterns among the themes.

  3. Qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews to identify attitudes towards the physical activity program. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Identification of attitudes of survivors toward the physical activity program will be analyzed using descriptive statistics. Examining the data by groups will further refine understanding of the emergent themes. Discussion of the findings and suggestions for interpretation will be used to guide subsequent analyses to more fully understand the themes and patterns among the themes.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed breast cancer
  • Stage I-III
  • Patients who have completed treatment for breast cancer and are within two years of treatment completion (primary surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy), whichever was received last; hormonal therapy and targeted therapies in the adjuvant setting are allowed
  • African-Americans and non-Hispanic Whites

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Stage IV breast cancer
  • Patients with end-stage disease, severe dementia and/or life expectancy of less than one year
  • Inability to understand English
  • Inability to provide informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02566408


Locations
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United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Cynthia Owusu Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02566408    
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE5115
NCI-2015-01052 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CASE 5115 ( Other Identifier: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center )
First Posted: October 2, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 3, 2020
Last Verified: January 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases