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Trial record 76 of 191 for:    epidiolex

A Randomized Controlled Trial to Investigate Possible Drug-drug Interactions Between Clobazam and Cannabidiol

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02565108
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 1, 2015
Results First Posted : August 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GW Research Ltd

Brief Summary:
This trial consists of 2 parts: a double-blinded phase and an open-label extension phase. The blinded phase only will be described in this record. Participants were randomized in a 4:1 ratio to receive GWP42003-P or matching placebo.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epilepsy Drug: GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/Day Dose Drug: Placebo Drug: Clobazam Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study to Investigate Possible Drug-drug Interactions Between Clobazam and Cannabidiol (GWP42003-P)
Actual Study Start Date : January 20, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 21, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 21, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drug Reactions
Drug Information available for: Clobazam

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/Day Dose

Participants received GWP42003-P 20 milligrams [mg]/kilogram [kg]/day orally, twice daily immediately after their clobazam (CLB) dose. Participants titrated GWP42003-P to 20 mg/kg/day over 10 days and remained at this dose for the 21-day treatment period. Participants who then did not enter the open-label extension (OLE) or withdrew early had a 10-day taper (10% per day) period. Participants who transferred to the OLE (still blinded at that stage) tapered off their GWP42003-P treatment by reducing their maintenance dose by 10% per day and concomitantly titrating GWP42003-P for the OLE.

All participants (in the GWP42003-P and Placebo treatment groups) were on a stable dose of CLB at Baseline, administered either once or twice daily as per the physician's preferred CLB dosing regimen for each participant, and continued taking CLB, as an Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP), for the duration of this study.

Drug: GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/Day Dose
GWP42003-P was an oral solution containing 25 mg/mL cannabidiol (CBD) or 100 mg/mL CBD dissolved in the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL).
Other Names:
  • CBD
  • Cannabidiol
  • Epidiolex

Drug: Clobazam
Participants were already on a stable dose of CLB at Baseline and continued to take a stable dose of CLB for the duration of the blinded phase of the study. CLB was administered either once or twice daily in line with the physician's preferred dosing regimen for the CLB for each participant.
Other Name: CLB

Placebo Comparator: Placebo

Participants received placebo (0 mg/milliliter [mL] GWP42003-P) orally, twice daily immediately after the participant's CLB dose. Participants titrated the placebo dose over 10 days, followed by a 21-day treatment period. Participants who then did not enter the OLE or withdrew early had a 10-day taper (10% per day) period. Participants who transferred to the OLE (still blinded at that stage) tapered off their placebo treatment by reducing their maintenance dose by 10% per day and concomitantly titrating GWP42003-P for the OLE.

All participants (in the GWP42003-P and Placebo treatment groups) were on a stable dose of CLB at Baseline, administered either once or twice daily as per the physician's preferred CLB dosing regimen for each participant, and continued taking CLB, as an IMP, for the duration of this study.

Drug: Placebo
Placebo oral solution contained the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL).

Drug: Clobazam
Participants were already on a stable dose of CLB at Baseline and continued to take a stable dose of CLB for the duration of the blinded phase of the study. CLB was administered either once or twice daily in line with the physician's preferred dosing regimen for the CLB for each participant.
Other Name: CLB




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics (PK): Maximum Measured Plasma Concentration (Cmax) Of CLB And N-CLB With GWP42003-P Treatment, Days 1 And 33 [ Time Frame: Predose, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h postdose on Days 1 and 33 ]

    The Cmax of CLB and its primary metabolite N-desmethylclobazam (N-CLB) was measured on Day 1 (before beginning GWP42003-P treatment; participants were taking CLB only) and Day 33 (following 21 days of GWP42003-P or placebo maintenance; participants were taking CLB and GWP42003-P or CLB and placebo). PK samples were taken at time points relative to the morning dose of CLB, as follows: Predose, 15 minutes (min), 30 min, 1 hour (h), 1.5 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h.

    One participant in the placebo group was excluded from the PK set because placebo was administered on Day 1, after predose sampling. Six participants in the GWP42003-P group were excluded from the PK set because of GWP42003-P and/or CLB dose modification, discontinuation of IMP, discontinuation from trial, or administration of incorrect IMP dose.


  2. PK: Time To The Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) Of CLB And N-CLB With GWP42003-P Treatment, Days 1 And 33 [ Time Frame: Predose, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h postdose on Days 1 and 33 ]

    The tmax of CLB and its primary metabolite N-CLB was measured on Day 1 (before beginning GWP42003-P treatment; participants were taking CLB only) and Day 33 (following 21 days of GWP42003-P or placebo maintenance; participants were taking CLB and GWP42003-P or CLB and placebo). PK samples were taken at time points relative to the morning dose of CLB, as follows: Predose, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 1.5 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h.

    One participant in the placebo group was excluded from the PK set because placebo was administered on Day 1, after predose sampling. Six participants in the GWP42003-P group were excluded from the PK set because of GWP42003-P and/or CLB dose modification, discontinuation of IMP, discontinuation from trial, or administration of incorrect IMP dose.


  3. PK: Area Under The Plasma Concentration‑Time Curve Over A Dosing Interval, Where Tau Is The Dosing Interval (AUCtau) Of CLB And N-CLB With GWP42003-P Treatment, Days 1 And 33 [ Time Frame: Predose, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h postdose on Days 1 and 33 ]

    The AUCtau of CLB and its primary metabolite N-CLB was measured on Day 1 (before first GWP42003-P dose; participants were taking CLB only) and Day 33 (following 21 days of GWP42003-P or placebo maintenance; participants were taking CLB and GWP42003-P or CLB and placebo). PK samples were taken at time points relative to the morning dose of CLB, as follows: Predose, 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 1.5 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h.

    One participant in the placebo group was excluded from the PK set because placebo was administered on Day 1, after predose sampling. Six participants in the GWP42003-P group were excluded from the PK set because of GWP42003-P and/or CLB dose modification, discontinuation of IMP, discontinuation from trial, or administration of incorrect IMP dose.


  4. PK: Geometric Mean Ratios Of CLB And N-CLB For Cmax On Day 33 Compared With Day 1 [ Time Frame: Predose, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h postdose on Days 1 and 33 ]
    The Day 33 compared to Day 1 geometric mean ratios of CLB and N-CLB were calculated for Cmax to look for evidence of drug-drug interactions between GWP42003-P/Placebo and CLB and between GWP42003-P/Placebo and N-CLB. A standard 90% confidence interval (CI) approach for the between time point ratios of geometric means of Cmax was carried out on a logarithmic scale using a linear mixed effect model. The no-effect boundary was set between 0.5 and 2.0, and if the 90% CI for the ratio of the geometric means of a PK variable fell within the interval [0.5, 2.0], a lack of meaningful effect was declared. Estimates were back transformed to provide summaries on the original scale. The model included a fixed effect term for PK assessment period. An unstructured covariance matrix was used. Kenward and Roger's method was used to calculate the denominator degrees of freedom for the fixed effects.

  5. PK: Geometric Mean Ratios Of CLB And N-CLB For AUCtau On Day 33 Compared With Day 1 [ Time Frame: Predose, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h postdose on Days 1 and 33 ]
    The Day 33 compared to Day 1 geometric mean ratios of CLB and N-CLB were calculated for AUCtau to look for evidence of drug-drug interactions between GWP42003-P/Placebo and CLB and between GWP42003-P/Placebo and N-CLB. A standard 90% CI approach for the between time point ratios of geometric means of AUCtau was carried out on a logarithmic scale using a linear mixed effect model. The no-effect boundary was set between 0.5 and 2.0, and if the 90% CI for the ratio of the geometric means of a PK variable fell within the interval [0.5, 2.0], a lack of meaningful effect was declared. Estimates were back transformed to provide summaries on the original scale. The model included a fixed effect term for PK assessment period. An unstructured covariance matrix was used. Kenward and Roger's method was used to calculate the denominator degrees of freedom for the fixed effects.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number Of Participants Who Experienced Severe Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Postdose on Day 2 up to Safety follow-up (Day 71) ]

    A TEAE was defined as an adverse event with an onset date on or after the first dose of IMP. If an adverse event (AE) had a partial onset date and it was unclear from the partial date (or the stop date) whether the AE started prior to or following the first dose of IMP then the AE was considered a TEAE. The number of participants who experienced 1 or more severe TEAEs after screening up to Day 71.

    A summary of serious and all other non-serious AEs regardless of causality is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant must have had epilepsy, as determined by the investigator, and must have been taking CLB.
  • Participant must have had a documented magnetic resonance imaging/computerized tomography of the brain ruling out a progressive neurologic condition.
  • Participant must have experienced at least 1 seizure of any type (that is, convulsive: tonic-clonic, tonic, clonic, atonic; focal: focal seizures with retained consciousness and a motor component, focal seizures with impaired consciousness, focal seizures evolving to bilateral secondary generalization) within the 2 months prior to randomization.
  • Participant must have been taking CLB and no more than 2 other antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during the course of the trial.
  • AED(s), including CLB, must have been stable for 4 weeks prior to screening and regimen must have remained stable throughout the duration of the blinded phase of the trail.
  • Intervention with vagus nerve stimulation and/or ketogenic diet must be stable for 4 weeks prior to Baseline and participant/caregiver must have been willing to maintain a stable regimen throughout the blinded phase of the study.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant had clinically significant unstable medical conditions other than epilepsy.
  • Participants were on CLB at doses above 20 mg per day.
  • Participants taking CLB intermittently as rescue medication.
  • Participant had a history of symptoms related to a drop in blood pressure due to postural changes (for example, dizziness, light-headedness, blurred vision, palpitations, weakness, syncope).
  • Participant had any history of suicidal behavior or any suicidal ideation of type 4 or 5 on the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale in the last month or at screening.
  • Participant had clinically relevant symptoms or a clinically significant illness in the 4 weeks prior to screening or enrollment, other than epilepsy.
  • Participant had consumed alcohol during the 7 days prior to enrollment and was unwilling to abstain during the blinded phase of the trail.
  • Participant was currently using or has in the past used recreational or medicinal cannabis, or synthetic cannabinoid-based medications (including Sativex®) within the 3 months prior to trial entry.
  • Participant had any known or suspected history of any drug abuse or addiction.
  • Participant was unwilling to abstain from recreational or medicinal cannabis, or synthetic cannabinoid based medications (including Sativex) for the duration for the study.
  • Participant consumed grapefruit or grapefruit juice 7 days prior to enrollment and was unwilling to abstain from drinking grapefruit juice within 7 days of pharmacokinetic visits.
  • Participant had any known or suspected hypersensitivity to cannabinoids or any of the excipients of the IMP, for example, sesame oil.
  • Participant received an IMP within the 12 weeks prior to the screening visit.
  • Participant had significantly impaired hepatic function at the screening or randomization visit, defined as any of the following:

    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 5 × upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • ALT or AST > 3 × ULN and total bilirubin > 2 × ULN or international normalized ratio > 1.5.
    • ALT or AST > 3 × ULN with the presence of fatigue, nausea, vomiting, right upper quadrant pain or tenderness, fever, rash, and/or eosinophilia (> 5%).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02565108


Locations
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Spain
Barcelona, Spain, 08035
Barcelona, Spain, 08036
United Kingdom
Birmingham, United Kingdom, B15 2FG
Brighton, United Kingdom, BN2 5BE
Leeds, United Kingdom, LS1 3EX
Salford, United Kingdom, M6 8HD
Sponsors and Collaborators
GW Research Ltd

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Responsible Party: GW Research Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02565108     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GWEP1428 Blinded Phase
2014-002942-33 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 1, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 23, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 23, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

Keywords provided by GW Research Ltd:
Cannabidiol
GWP42003-P
Clobazam
Epidiolex
CBD

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Epidiolex
Clobazam
Anticonvulsants
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs
GABA-A Receptor Agonists
GABA Agonists
GABA Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action