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The Burden of Pediatric Surgical Conditions in Rural Kenya

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02564783
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 1, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Veikko Schepel, Helsinki University Central Hospital

Brief Summary:


The main purpose of this study is to find out what is the true burden of surgical conditions in pediatric population in a well defined geographical rural area in western Kenya.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Burden of Surgical Disease in Western Kenya Other: No intervention

Detailed Description:

MATERIAL This research will be conducted in the Homa Bay county in western Kenya in previously selected locations around the county in rural area. An estimated 800 children and youth under the age of 18 will be selected for this study. This study will take place between October and November 2015. The investigators hypothesis, based on prior survey studies done in Sub-Saharan Africa, is that roughly 6% of the people under 18 are suffering from a surgical condition. In a sample size of 800 people the margin of error is 1,65%.

People who are currently being treated in a hospital will be excluded from the study. Also the people who decline from the study will be excluded. The number of declinations will be recorded.

METHODS The people will receive a written and a verbal information regarding the study and its purposes from the primary research assistant. If they decide to participate in the study they or their parent/guardian will be asked to sign an informed consent. Local interpreter will be available to help with possible questions.

The primary research assistant will conduct a short interview. Prior medical history will be taken. The participants will be asked their age. If age is not known the primary research assistant will estimate it. The height, weight and sex will be registered. A full physical examination will then be conducted. In this examination the participants will be assessed for visible deformations i.e. masses, scars, limb deformities. It will be determined whether the deformation is congenital or acquired. If the deformity is acquired the cause will be asked from the subject. The range of major joints will be registered. In case of palpable masses the possible diagnosis will be figured out using basic clinical skills. A structured survey sheet will be used collect the information. No other forms of diagnostic measures will be used. No blood or microbial culture samples will be collected and no x-ray imaging will be done.

If a surgical condition is diagnosed the participant will be informed about the nature and possible cause of this condition. No treatment procedures will be done on site.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 800 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Burden of Pediatric Surgical Conditions in Rural Kenya - a Prospective Cohort Study
Study Start Date : October 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2015

Intervention Details:
  • Other: No intervention
    No intervention

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Prevalence of surgical conditions in population under 18 in rural Western Kenya [ Time Frame: 25days (October 5th - October 30th 2015) ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
800 children and youth under the age of 18 in a well defined area in rural Western Kenya (Kabondo city in Homa Bay County).

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age under 18

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Not meeting the age criteria.
  • Declining to participate in the study.
  • Patients who meet the criteria but are currently being treated in a hospital.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02564783

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Homa Bay County School District
Homa Bay County, Kenya
Sponsors and Collaborators
Helsinki University Central Hospital
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Study Director: Erkki Tukiainen, Professor Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Plastic Surgery
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Responsible Party: Veikko Schepel, Resident, Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital Identifier: NCT02564783    
Other Study ID Numbers: VSKENDU-1
First Posted: October 1, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 27, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015