Working… Menu

Phase II Trial of Alisertib With Induction Chemotherapy in High-risk AML

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02560025
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 25, 2015
Results First Posted : October 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amir Fathi, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research study is studying a targeted therapy (a form of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific types of cancer cells with less harm to normal cells) as a possible treatment for high-risk acute myeloid leukemia.

The names of the study interventions involved in this study are:

  • Alisertib / MLN8237
  • Cytarabine / Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Idarubicin / Idarubicin hydrochloride
  • Daunorubicin (Can be used in place of idarubicin)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Alisertib Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Idarubicin Drug: Daunorubicin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being studied.

As part of this research study, the participant will take alisertib in combination with conventional chemotherapies, idarubicin and cytarabine. Alisertib has not been approved by the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, cytarabine and idarubicin have both been approved by the FDA for treatment of AML. It also means that the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved giving alisertib with idarubicin and cytarabine for use in participants, including participants with this type of cancer.

Earlier pre-clinical studies and clinical trials have suggested the alisertib may have clinical promise as a single agent in acute myeloid leukemia. Alisertib is a selective small molecule inhibitor of Aurora A kinase, an enzyme which may play a role in the survival of leukemia cells. Alisertib is being studied for the treatment of advanced malignancies, including AML. Essentially, this means that alisertib may work to halt the growth of malignancy (abnormal cells dividing without control and invading nearby tissues) through a targeted mechanism. By combining alisertib with standard chemotherapy, the hope is to enhance the efficacy of current treatment used for acute myeloid leukemia. An earlier study of this combination has completed accrual, and demonstrated that the regimen is well tolerated.

Through this study, the investigators would like to determine if the addition of alisertib to standard 7+3 chemotherapy improves efficacy as measured by the rate of complete remission (a decreased or disappearance of signs and symptoms of cancer).

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 42 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of the Aurora A Kinase Inhibitor Alisertib in Combination With 7+3 Induction Chemotherapy in Patients With High-risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Study Start Date : December 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Alisertib / MLN8237
Participants will initially receive 7+3 induction chemotherapy, consisting of cytarabine and concurrent idarubicin (or daunorubicin if appropriate). Oral alisertib, at 30mg twice daily, will begin on day 8, and will continue for 7 days. During induction, patients with residual disease at day 14 may have re-induction with "5+2" chemotherapy, but will not receive additional dosing of alisertib at that time. Following count recovery after induction, if patients proceed to consolidative cycles of therapy with cytarabine, they will receive alisertib at day 6 following conclusion of cytarabine administration. Upon count recovery following consolidation, alisertib will be resumed for 7 days, followed by 14 days off, and will be continued as 21-day cycles of maintenance, for up to 12 cycles.
Drug: Alisertib
Other Name: MLN8237

Drug: Cytarabine
Other Name: Cytosine Arabinoside

Drug: Idarubicin
Other Name: Idarubicin hydrochloride

Drug: Daunorubicin
Can be used in place of idarubicin
Other Name: Cerubidine®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants That Achieved Complete Remission [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until the end of study treatment, up to approximately 10 months ]

    The number of participants that achieved a best overall response of complete remission while on study.

    Complete remission (CR): Bone marrow showing less than 5% myeloblasts with normal maturation of all cell lines, an ANC of at least 1000/μL and a platelet count of 100,000/μL, absence of blast in peripheral blood, absence of identifiable leukemic cells in the bone marrow, existing extramedullary disease. If possible, at least one bone marrow biopsy should be performed to confirm CR.

  2. Number of Participants That Achieved Complete Remission With Incomplete Blood Count Recovery (CRi) [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until the end of study treatment, up to approximately 10 months ]

    The number of participants that achieved a best overall response of CRi while on study.

    Complete Remission with Incomplete Blood Count Recovery (CRi): Same as for CR but without achievement of ANC at least 1000/uL (CRi) and/or platelet count of 100,000/uL (CRp).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
  2. Relapse Free Survival [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
  3. Remission Duration [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
  4. Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until 30 days after the last dose of a study drug is received, up to approximately 11 months ]
    Adverse events were assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE 4). Adverse events were considered to be Serious Adverse Events (SAE) if they were grade 3 or greater and deemed to be possibly, probably, or definitely related to the study treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have pathologically confirmed, newly diagnosed high-risk acute myeloid leukemia, as defined by at least one of the following criteria

    • Age greater than or equal to 65 years
    • Poor risk karyotype, as per Leukemianet criteria
    • Antecedent or underlying myelodysplastic syndrome or myeloproliferative neoplasm
    • AML with MDS-related changes
  • Adults, age 18 years or older at the time of diagnosis, eligible for standard induction chemotherapy according to their treating physician.
  • ECOG performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky ≥60%, see Appendix A)
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction > 50% as measured by echocardiogram or MUGA scan
  • Must not have received systemic antineoplastic therapy including radiation therapy within 14 days of the study enrollment, except hydroxyurea or 6-mercaptopurine for the purposes of cytoreduction. Patients may also have received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) if there is an early suspicion of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, M3-AML), although if confirmed to have APL these patients will be excluded from the study.
  • Adequate renal function as defined by: calculated creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gualt Formula)
  • Direct bilirubin < 2.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN), SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT)< 2.5 x ULN. AST and/or ALT may be up to 5X ULN if thought to be secondary to leukemia.
  • The effects of alisertib on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because other chemotherapeutic agents are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception for the duration of study participation, and 6 months after completion of therapy.
  • Subject must be able to take oral medication and to maintain a fast as required for 2 hours before and 1 hour after alisertib administration.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will be excluded from this study if they do not otherwise fulfill criteria mentioned in bullet 3.1.1, and are found to harbor "intermediate" or "favorable" risk cytogenetics 41:
  • In such patients, a sample to evaluate patient cytogenetics will be sent at the time of diagnosis per standard clinical care and the absence of favorable or intermediate-risk cytogenetics must be confirmed by Day 8. If the cytogenetic analysis reveals that the patient harbors non-poor risk cytogenetics, or if the cytogenetic results are not received prior to Day 8, the participant will be removed from the study.
  • Patients with acute bilineal/biphenotypic leukemia
  • Participants who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 14 days prior to entering the study, except for hydroxyurea or 6-MP as noted.
  • Participants who are receiving or have received any other investigational agents within 14 days of enrollment.
  • Chemo-, hormono-, radio- or immunotherapy or therapy with monoclonal antibodies or small tyrosine kinase inhibitors within the past 4 weeks prior to treatment with the trial drug
  • Persistence of clinically relevant therapy related toxicity from previous anti-cancer therapy
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation
  • Individuals with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the following circumstances. Individuals with a history of other malignancies are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 5 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy. Individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 5 years: cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Current clinical central nervous system (CNS) symptoms deemed by the investigator to be related to leukemic CNS involvement (no lumbar puncture required, clinical assessment per investigator's judgment is sufficient).
  • If applicable, patient with ≥Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment
  • Prior treatment with alisertib
  • Known history of hepatitis C infection or suspected currently active hepatitis C infection. Known or suspected history of hepatitis B infection will be excluded when any of the following conditions are met:

    • Received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (either allogenic or autologous), or
    • Received any rituximab-containing treatment regimen in the last 12 months before entering the study, or
    • Tested positive for the presence of at least 1 of the following 3 markers in blood (evaluated at screening): hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAG), antibodies against hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc), or hepatitis B viral load (HBV DNA).
  • Current or history of congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 or 4, or any history of documented diastolic or systolic dysfunction (LVEF <50%, as measured by MUGA scan or echocardiogram). Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant
  • Known hypersensitivity to the trial drugs or other contraindication to standard "7+3" induction chemotherapy.
  • Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome, or sleep apnea requiring supplemental oxygen, and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness.
  • A medical condition requiring use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs); or histamine 2 (H2) receptor antagonists. Patients who intermittently use these medications, must meet the following criteria:

    • No use of PPIs within 5 days before the first dose of alisertib
    • No use of H2 antagonist or pancreatic enzymes within 24 hours before the first dose of alisertib
  • Patients with mental deficits or psychiatric conditions that preclude them from giving informed consent or following protocol.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Known GI disease or GI procedures that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of alisertib. Examples include, but are not limited to partial gastrectomy, history of small intestine surgery, and celiac disease.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because alisertib, along with standard induction chemotherapy, carries the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with alisertib as well as cytarabine and idarubicin, breastfeeding should be avoided. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum ß-human chorionic gonadotropin ( ß-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening. Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women.
  • Although not absolute exclusion criteria, because of known drug-drug interactions, below are issues that should be considered during enrollment:
  • Treatment with clinically significant enzyme-inducing drugs, including known P-glycoprotein inducers (including St John's wort and rifampicin) should be used only if absolutely necessary and considered to be the best available choice for the patient. If possible, it is recommended that alternatives to known substrates, inhibitors or inducers of P-glycoprotein be considered. Cases should be discussed with the principal investigator, and may be allowed as per his/her discretion.

    • Patients with psychological, familial, social, or geographic factors that otherwise preclude them from giving informed consent, following the protocol, or potentially hamper compliance with study treatment and follow-up.
    • Patients who are otherwise felt unable to comply with the protocol, in the opinion of the investigator.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02560025

Layout table for location information
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Amir Fathi, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Amir Fathi, Massachusetts General Hospital:

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Amir Fathi, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital Identifier: NCT02560025     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-334
First Posted: September 25, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 11, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Amir Fathi, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors