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Novel Parameters for the Prediction of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting Efficacy in Patients With iNPH (iNPH)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02495610
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2017 by University of Zurich.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : July 13, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 1, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Zurich

Brief Summary:
INPH is a chronic, progressive disease characterised by enlarged ventricles in the absence of elevated intracranial pressure. Patients often present with the Hakim triad comprising gait disturbance, dementia and urinary incontinence. Treatment consists of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting reducing the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume in the central nervous system (CNS); a generally safe and well tolerated procedure nevertheless invasive in nature and associated with surgical risk. The currently used diagnostic algorithms to predict surgery outcome by testing patients before and after a diagnostic spinal tap temporarily reducing the CSF volume in the CNS are of wide variability and limited validity. Developing measures to accurately diagnose and select patients for intervention is thus of great importance. The objective of this study is to define and validate a diagnostic algorithm for the selection of patients with symptoms compatible with iNPH for shunt surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Other: Gait analysis and MRI: Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is an important differential diagnosis of dementia in the elderly patients. It is characterised by an enlargement of the ventricular system and can lead to cognitive deficits, gait disturbance and incontinence. Treatment consists of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. A major challenge is the identification of patients who suffer from iNPH and who will benefit from shunt surgery. Typically, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is withdrawn by a spinal tap, and walking speed and steps per distance are measured before and thereafter. In patients who benefit from the test tap the diagnosis iNPH is made and the indication for shunt surgery is ascertained. The diagnostic procedure is not standardised.

Little is known about the examinations and time-points suited best to predict surgery outcome. Thus, patients may undergo surgery who do not benefit, and patients who would benefit may be missed.

This study aims at defining a diagnostic algorithm to improve the prediction of surgery outcome in patients supposed to suffer from iNPH. In 25 serial patients, motor function will be analysed in detail by functional tests and a treadmill-based analysis before and after the test tap at different time-points. In addition, neuropsychological tests and MRI investigations (DWI and pw) will be done, and patients will fill-out a micturition diary. Patients who do not respond to the test tap will be offered a lumbar drainage for continuous CSF release as diagnostic escalation with repeated tests thereafter. Patients who finally undergo shunt surgery will be re-assessed to identify those who responded to surgery. Thereby, post-hoc analyses will identify those parameter(s) that had the best predictive value for surgery outcome. To confirm the parameters derived from such exploratory analyses, these parameters will be validated in another series of 25 patients.

The results of this study have the potential to improve the clinical routine and to provide a strategic advantage for the University Hospital Zurich.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Prospective Single-centre Trial Investigating Novel Parameters for the Prediction of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting Efficacy in Patients With Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
Study Start Date : June 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Hydrocephalus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Gait analysis and MRI
  • Gait analysis: Intervention: Treadmill with pressure sensors (FDM-THM-M-System (Force distribution method-treadmill); 'Zebris' medical GmbH), study-specific, but routine procedures.
  • MRI: Intervention: Performed in a scanner at the University Hospital with standard MRI compatibility procedures; study specific is only the additional MRI after the CSF release with spinal tap or drainage.
Other: Gait analysis and MRI:
  • Gait analysis: Treadmill with pressure sensors (FDM-THM-M-System; 'Zebris' medical GmbH), study-specific, but routine procedures.
  • MRI: Performed in a scanner at the University Hospital with standard MRI compatibility procedures; study specific is only the additional MRI after the CSF release with spinal tap or drainage.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Gait Analysis on treadmill by foot print plate and overground walking by time keeping [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    a composite of the following measurements: Step width, step length, Foot rotation, double stance phase, cadence, velocity (Timed 25 Foot Walk, endurance (6 minute walking test)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. MRI [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    a composite of fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, parallel diffusivity, radial diffusivity

  2. Urological function by micturition diary [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    a composite of the following informations: number of voiding, number of incontinence episodes, number of urgency episodes

  3. Neuropsychology by validated testing [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    a composite of response inhibition and switching (stroop test), working memory (wechsler memory scale), verbal fluency (Regensburg word fluency), figural fluency (number of unique designs and repetitions of the same figure), divided and focused attention (TMT A, TMT B)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed consent.
  • Age 50 years or above
  • Impaired walking function for at least 3 months, onset at/ after 40 years of age.
  • MRI or CT with enlarged ventricular system (Evans' index ≥0.30) without evidence of moderate or severe cortical atrophy.
  • Eligible for shunt surgery.
  • Eligible for analysis of gait, neuropsychological and urological function.
  • Subjects must be able to understand the patient information sheet and comply with the requirements of the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous intracranial disorder or surgery.
  • Contraindications to surgery or MRI
  • Contraindications to the testing of gait, bladder or neuropsychological function.
  • Presence of concomitant disease which might reasonably account for the clinical symptoms or radiological findings.
  • Worsening of walking function secondary to any other condition occurring during the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02495610

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Contact: Katja Reuter, MD +41442551111
Contact: Jutta Sommerfeld +41442555543

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University Hospital Recruiting
Zurich, Switzerland, 8091
Contact: Katja Reuter, MD    +41442551111   
Contact: Jutta Sommerfeld    +41442555543   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Zurich
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Principal Investigator: Michael Weller, Prof. University of Zurich

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Responsible Party: University of Zurich Identifier: NCT02495610    
Other Study ID Numbers: KEK-ZH-Nr. 2014-0423
First Posted: July 13, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 1, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Keywords provided by University of Zurich:
Gait analysis
micturition diary
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hydrocephalus, Normal Pressure
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases