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JET-GBS - Japanese Eculizumab Trial for GBS

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02493725
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 9, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 11, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Satoshi Kuwabara, Chiba University

Brief Summary:

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated polyneuropathy that usually follows an antecedent infection and causes acute neuromuscular paralysis. GBS is currently classified into the two major subtypes: a classical demyelinating type and axonal variant type. Whereas in Europe and North America demyelinating GBS is the major subtype, in East Asia and Central and South America, axonal GBS is found in 30~65% of patients. Although the pathophysiology of GBS has not been fully understood, major advances have been made in understanding the pathophysiology particularly for the axonal form of GBS. It is now established that axonal GBS is caused by molecular mimicry of human gangliosides by the Campylobacter jejuni lipo-oligosaccharides. Autoantibodies bind to GM1 or GD1a at the nodes of Ranvier, activate complements, and disrupt sodium channel clusters and axo-glial junctions, resulting in the nerve conduction failure and muscle weakness. C. jejuni infection induces production of antibodies, which cross-react with gangliosides on the human nerve axolemma, and activate the complements, resulting in formation of membrane attack complex (MAC). The pathology leads to axonal degeneration.

The standard treatments for GBS are plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin and the disease progression reaches its nadir within 4 weeks. However, during the acute phase, 18-28 % of the patients require artificial ventilation and 4.1-6.3 % of the patients die of complications. Recovery takes several months or years, and 16.7-19.7 % of the patients still require aid to walk one year after onset. Because of such serious disability of GBS patients, an alternative novel therapy that can prevent death during acute phase or severe sequelae is needed.

Eculizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody of murine anti-human C5 antibody and specifically binds to the final activation complement component C5 and inhibits MAC formation by suppressing the cleavage reaction of C5 into C5a and C5b. The efficacy of eculizumab against GBS has been shown in a model of axonal GBS. At present, there are no animal models of demyelinating GBS. However, autopsy studies have shown that C3d and C5b-9 (MAC) are deposited on the Schwan cells, and therefore eculizumab can be effective also for demyelinating GBS.

This clinical trial will be conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety of eculizumab for GBS to warrant future global clinical trials. Moreover, we also study the relationship between the efficacy and clinical subtypes of GBS, such as axonal or demyelinating form. Our trial will provide insights on whether the future global developmental plan should target the whole spectrum of GBS world-wide or focusing on Asia and South America.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gullain Barre Syndrome Drug: Eculizumab Drug: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PROSPECTIVE, MULTI-CENTER, PHASE II STUDY TO EVALUATE THE SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF ECULIZUMAB IN SUBJECTS WITH GUILLAIN-BARRÉ SYNDROME
Study Start Date : July 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Eculizumab
Eculizumab, 900 mg intravenously once a week
Drug: Eculizumab
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matched placebo, intravenously once a week
Drug: Placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. [Safety] Expressed frequency and severity of incidence of AE/SAEs after treatment with investigational product. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. [Efficacy] Proportion of subjects who reach a score of FG2 or lower on the Hughes functional grading scale at week 4(Response Rate) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects with improvement of one or more scores on the functional grading scale at each visit [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. Proportion of subjects who are able to walk unaided (FG2 or lower) at each visit [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  3. Duration required for improvement by at least one grade on the Hughes functional grading scale [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  4. Proportion of subjects who reach FG1 or 0 at week 24 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  5. Change in the FG score between peak disability score and the scores at each visit [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  6. Proportion of subjects with a clinically relevant improvement in the R-ODS score. An increase in the R-ODS score (0-48) converted to the centile metric score (0-100) by at least six points at each visit [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  7. Proportion of subjects with a clinically relevant improvement in ONLS. (a decrease in the ONLS score from baseline by at least 1 point) at each visit [ Time Frame: 6months ]
  8. Proportion and frequency of subjects who require ventilatory support (F 5) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
  9. Duration of ventilatory support [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
  10. Occurrence of relapse from the start of the IP(Investigational Product) administration period until the end of the post IP period [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  11. Overall survival from the start of the IP administration period until the end of the post IP period (OS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  12. Change in grip strength at each visit from baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  13. Change in results of the manual muscle test (MMT score) at each visit from baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  14. Change in the rate and results of below measures on the nerve conduction test parameter from baseline:Median and ulnar nerve 's CMAP amplitude, distal latency, F wave latency , SNAP amplitude, motor sensory nerve conduction velocity [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  15. Change in vital capacity and % vital capacity at each visit from baseline [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  16. Proportion of patients who undergo re-administration of IVIg [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Antiganglioside antibodies (Antibodies to GM1・GD1a・GalNAc-GD1a・GQ1b, and their complexes) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. Concentration of eculizumab in serum [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  3. Hemolytic complement activity in serum [ Time Frame: 6 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • Patients who have been diagnosed with GBS with reference to GBS NINDS(National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) diagnostic criteria and those who meet all the following inclusion criteria and do not fall under any of the exclusion criteria will be included in this trial.

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects ≥ 18 years of age at the time of obtaining informed consent.
  2. Patients with onset of muscular weakness due to GBS less than 2 weeks before the time of consent.
  3. Patients unable to walk unaided for ≥5 meters (progressively deteriorating FG(Functional Grade)3 or FG 4-5).
  4. Patients who are already on IVIg or deemed eligible for and who will start IVIg (Generally, administration of 400mg/kg over 5 days).
  5. Patients who can start their first dose of eculizumab within 2 weeks from onset of weakness and before the end of the IVIg treatment period.
  6. Female subjects of child bearing potential with a negative result in their pregnancy test. All subjects must be able to practice an effective, reliable, medically approved method of contraception during the IP(Intraperitoneal) administration period and up to 5 months after IP administration is ended.
  7. Patients who can be hospitalized during IP administration period.
  8. Patients who have signed the informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who are being considered for or are already on plasmapheresis.
  2. Patients who are pregnant or lactating.
  3. Patients showing clear clinical evidence of peripheral polyneuropathy other than GBS, e.g. diabetic (except for mild sensory disturbance) or severe vitamin B1 deficiency related.
  4. Patients who have received immunosuppressive treatment (e.g. azathioprine, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, or >20 mg prednisolone daily) during the 4 weeks prior to providing consent.
  5. Patients who are known to have severe concurrent disease (such as malignancy with uncontrolled primary tumors or metastatic lesions, severe cardiovascular disease, severe COPD(chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ), or TB).
  6. Patients who are unable to comply with study procedures and the treatment regimen.
  7. Patients who have received rituximab within 24 weeks prior to providing consent.
  8. Patients with a history of or unresolved Neisseria meningitides.
  9. Patients with active infectious diseases determined to be clinically severe by the principal investigator or sub-investigator that are not being appropriately treated with antibiotics.
  10. Patients who that cannot be treated with antibiotic prophylaxis due to allergies.
  11. Patients who are allergic to eculizumab.
  12. Patients who are known to have or are suspected of having hereditary complement deficiencies.
  13. Patients who have been administered another investigational product within 12 weeks prior to providing consent or are currently participating in another trial.
  14. Patients with any condition that, in the opinion of the principal investigator or sub-investigator, could increase the patient's risk by participating in the study or confound the outcome of the study.
  15. Patients who have a history of Eculizumab treatment for GBS.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02493725


Locations
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Japan
Nagoya University Hospital
Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Hokkaido University Hospital
Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital
Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Kitasato University Hospital
Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
Kindai University Hospital
Osaka-sayama, Osaka, Japan
National Defence Medical College Hospital
Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan
Dokkyo Medical University Hospital
Mibu, Tochigi, Japan
Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital
Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Tokyo University Hospital
Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Keio University Hospital
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Chiba University Hospital
Chiba, Japan
Kyushu University Hospital
Fukuoka, Japan
Tokushima University Hospital
Tokushima, Japan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chiba University
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Satoshi Kuwabara, MD Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine Department of neurology

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Satoshi Kuwabara, Professor, Chiba University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02493725     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 100069
First Posted: July 9, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes