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A Gene Therapy Study for Hemophilia B

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02484092
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 29, 2015
Results First Posted : May 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 16, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
A Phase 1/2, Open-Label, Non-Randomized, Dose-Escalation Study of SPK-9001 in Subjects with Hemophilia B.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hemophilia B Biological: SPK-9001 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Hemophilia B, or Christmas disease, is a genetic bleeding disorder resulting in the lack of ability to produce blood-clotting factor IX (FIX). Individuals with hemophilia B suffer repeated bleeding events, which can cause chronic joint disease and sometimes leads to death due to the inability for blood to clot efficiently. This chronic joint disease can have significant physical, psychosocial, and quality-of-life effects, including financial burden. The current treatment is intravenous infusion of FIX protein products, either prophylactically or in response to bleeding.

The approach being tested in this study uses a novel recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV), which in nature causes no disease, to deliver the human factor IX (hFIX) gene to the liver cells where FIX is normally made. Recent data of a gene therapy study showed preliminary encouraging results with the approach of using an AAV vector carrying the factor IX gene. This study will seek to determine the safety and kinetics of a single IV infusion of SPK-9001 (a novel AAV vector carrying a high specific activity factor IX variant).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Gene Therapy, Open-label, Dose-escalation Study of PF-06838435 (SPK-9001) [Adeno-associated Viral Vector With Human Factor IX Gene] in Subjects With Hemophilia B
Actual Study Start Date : November 18, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 8, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : April 8, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SPK-9001
Single intravenous (i.v.) infusion of SPK-9001 [an adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector with human factor IX gene] Intervention: Gene Therapy / Gene Transfer
Biological: SPK-9001
A novel, bioengineered adeno-associated viral vector carrying human factor IX variant

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Change From Baseline in Physical Examination Findings [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    Physical examination included examination of the head, ears, eyes, nose, mouth, skin, heart and lung examinations, lymph nodes, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, and neurological systems. The examination assessed the participants for any potential changes in general appearance, the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, as well as towards participant reported symptoms. Findings were considered to be clinically significant based on investigator's decision.

  2. Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Change From Baseline in Vital Signs [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    Vital signs (temperature, respiratory rate, pulse rate, height, weight, systolic and diastolic blood pressure) were obtained with participant in the seated position, after having sat calmly for at least 5 minutes. Clinical significance of vital signs was determined at the investigator's discretion.

  3. Number of Participants With Clinical Laboratory Abnormalities Reported as TEAE [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    Following parameters were analyzed for laboratory examination: hematology (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils, red blood cell [RBC] count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count); liver function (albumin, total bilirubin, total protein, direct bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, GGT); Lipid panel (HDL, VLDL, triglycerides, total cholesterol); clinical chemistry (sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, glucose, phosphate, serum creatinine, BUN); urinalysis (specific gravity, pH, glucose, protein, blood, ketones; coagulation, immunology, etc. Investigators determined which laboratory abnormalities were reported as treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs).

  4. Number of Participants With Drug -Related TEAEs and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    An adverse event (AE) was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a product; the event did not need to have a causal relationship with the treatment. A serious adverse event (SAE) was any untoward medical occurrence at any dose that resulted in death; was life threatening; required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; resulted in congenital anomaly/birth defect. AEs included both SAEs and AEs. An AE was regarded as TEAE if the start date was on or after the infusion of SPK-9001 but before participant's last visit on study (or the date of withdrawal/the date of being lost to follow-up). Severe TEAEs were TEAEs that interfered significantly with participants' usual function. Treatment-related TEAEs were determined by the investigator.

  5. Number of Participants With Positive Immune Reponses Against Adeno-associated Virus Vector (AAV) Capsid [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) results by interferon gamma enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT) to assess cellular immune responses to AAV capsid and to FIX were presented. The ELISPOT is a type of assay that focuses on quantitatively measuring the frequency of cytokine secretion for a single cell. The positive ELISPOT results suggested a T-cell reaction to capsid protein.

  6. Number of Participants Who Reached > 150% Vector-derived FIX:C Activity Level After SPK-9001 Infusion [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    Based on non-clinical studies in non-human primates (NHPs), it was not predicted that vector-derived FIX:C activity levels >150% of normal would be achieved in this study. However, thrombin antithrombin (TAT) levels as thrombotic potential were to be measured if vector derived FIX:C activity levels >150% of normal were achieved in any participant during the study. Blood samples for TAT at Day 0 visit (prior to FIX protein product infusion) were used to establish baseline value.

  7. Number of Participants With FIX Inhibitor [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    FIX inhibitors were measured using the Bethesda assay from the central and local laboratory. The Bethesda assay measures the amount of factor (FIX) inactivated when the plasma from the patient is incubated with an external source of factor for 2 hours at 37ºC. Inhibitor levels are quantified in Bethesda units (BU). An inhibitor titer of ≥ 0.6 BU/ml is to be taken as clinically significant.

  8. Incremental Recovery of FIX Product [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Week 52 ]
    Incremental recovery was determined as the peak factor level recorded within the first 3 hours after infusion and was reported as (IU/ml)/(IU/kg), using the formula:([Activity IU/mL peak post infusion] - [Activity IU/mL pre-infusion]) / (IU/kg infused).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. FIX:C Activity [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Week 52 ]
    All samples collected from participants for plasma FIX activity levels were analyzed and used to determine peak and steady-state vector-derived circulating FIX activity levels. The vector-derived endogenous (not affected by intercurrent FIX product infusions) FIX:C activity levels were characterized by post-treatment population mean. Dose escalation and dose level expansion strategies were employed in the study based on vector-derived FIX activity levels as well as any immune responses against AAV capsid. Steady-state levels were based on 2 separate vector-derived FIX:C activity level measurements (at least 2 weeks apart) starting from Week 8-12 with adequate washout.

  2. Change From Baseline in FIX:C Antigen Level at Steady State [ Time Frame: Week 12 up to Week 52 ]
    The vector-derived endogenous (not affected by intercurrent FIX product infusions) FIX:C activity antigen levels were characterized by post-treatment population mean.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Genetic Males
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Able to provide informed consent and comply with requirements of the study
  • Males ≥18 y.o. with confirmed diagnosis of hemophilia B (≤2 IU/dL or ≤2% endogenous factor IX)
  • Received ≥50 exposure days to factor IX products
  • A minimum average of 4 bleeding events per year requiring episodic treatment of factor IX infusions or prophylactic factor IX infusions
  • No measurable factor IX inhibitor as assessed by the central laboratory and have no prior history of inhibitors to factor IX protein
  • Agree to use reliable barrier contraception until 3 consecutive samples are negative for vector sequences

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of active hepatitis B or C
  • Currently on antiviral therapy for hepatitis B or C
  • Have significant underlying liver disease
  • Have serological evidence* of HIV-1 or HIV-2 with CD4 counts ≤200/mm3 (* subjects who are HIV+ and stable with CD4 count >200/mm3 and undetectable viral load are eligible to enroll)
  • Neutralizing antibodies reactive with AAV-Spark100 above and/or below a defined titre
  • Participated in a gene transfer trial within the last 52 weeks or in a clinical trial with an investigational drug within the last 12 weeks
  • Unable or unwilling to comply with study assessments

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02484092

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United States, California
UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
UC Davis CTSC Clinical Research Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
UC Davis Ellison Ambulatory Care Clinic
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
UC Davis Investigational Pharmacy
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
UC Davis Medical Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
United States, Mississippi
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216
Mississippi Center for Advanced Medicine
Madison, Mississippi, United States, 39110
United States, New York
Weill Cornell Medicine - New York Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Pennsylvania
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Australia, New South Wales
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
Camperdown/Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 2050
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Pfizer:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 1, 2019
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 14, 2019

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02484092    
Other Study ID Numbers: C0371005
SPK-9001-101 ( Other Identifier: Alias Study Number )
First Posted: June 29, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 19, 2020
Last Update Posted: June 16, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Pfizer will provide access to individual de-identified participant data and related study documents (e.g. protocol, Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP), Clinical Study Report (CSR)) upon request from qualified researchers, and subject to certain criteria, conditions, and exceptions. Further details on Pfizer's data sharing criteria and process for requesting access can be found at: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests.
URL: https://www.pfizer.com/science/clinical_trials/trial_data_and_results/data_requests

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Pfizer:
Hemophilia B
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Gene Therapy
Gene Transfer
Factor IX Deficiency
Factor IX Gene
Factor IX Protein
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Coagulation Protein Disorders
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked