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Trial record 96 of 495 for:    LENALIDOMIDE AND every 28 days

Azacitidine, Lenalidomide and DLI as Salvage Therapy for MDS, CMML and sAML Relapsing After Allo-HSCT (AZALENA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02472691
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 16, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, open-label, single-arm multi-center phase II study aiming to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the addition of Lenalidomide (investigational drug) to the standard therapy of Azacitidine and DLI (standard of care) as first salvage therapy for relapse of MDS, CMML and AML with MDS-related changes (sAML, with 20%-30% bone marrow blasts, formerly RAEB-T) after allo-SCT. The starting dose of Lenalidomid is 2.5 mg per day for 21 days with a 7 day rest. The study incorporates 2 interim safety analyses after 10 and 20 patients in order to find the optimal and safe dose of Lenalidomide.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute Myelodysplastic Syndromes Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Azacitidine Biological: Donor Lymphocyte Infusions Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a prospective, open-label, single-arm multi-center phase II study aiming to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the addition of Lenalidomide (investigational drug) to the standard therapy of Azacitidine and DLI (standard of care) as first salvage therapy for relapse of MDS, CMML and AML with MDS-related changes (sAML, with 20%-30% bone marrow blasts, formerly RAEB-T) after allo-SCT.

Study Design:

  • prospective, open-label, single arm, multicenter phase-II trial
  • total patients sample size: 50 patients
  • number of trial sites: 6 all located in Germany and members of the EBMT Patients will be included at the time of relapse after first allo-SCT. Starting on day 1 all patients will receive Azacitidine 75 mg/m2/d for 7 days every 28 days for up to 8 cycles. DLIs will be given after cycle 4, 6 and 8. Lenalidomide will be also started on day 1 for 21 days every 28 days for a maximum of 8 cycles. The concomitant administration of Aza and Lenalidomide will be used since safety and efficacy of this schedule has been demonstrated.

Azacitidine and DLI represent a standard of care in this setting and are therefore not considered as investigational. As 5-Azacytidine is given in-label, treatment may be continued beyond 8 cycles. Additional DLIs may be given according to the investigators choice. However, to avoid severe GvHD it is recommended to give at least one more cycle 5-Azacytidine after additional DLIs.

The study incorporates a dose escalating schedule for Lenalidomide and two safety interim analyses. A first interim analysis will be performed as soon as 10 patients have been treated with Lenalidomide at a dose of 2.5mg/day If no dose limiting toxicity is observed in this cohort the next cohort of 10 patients will be treated with 5 mg per day for 21 days starting on day 1. If dose limiting toxicity occurs the study will be closed. A second interim analysis will be performed as soon as 10 patients have been treated with Lenalidomide at adose of 5mg/day and the 10th patient of this cohort has either completed 4 cycles or has discontinued treatment whichever occurs first. If no dose limiting toxicity is observed in this cohort, the dose of 5 mg per day for 21 days starting on day 1 will be chosen and the remaining patients will be treated with this dose of Lenalidomide. If dose limiting toxicity occurs in patients treated with 5mg per day the remaining patients will be treated with Lenalidomide at a dose of 2.5mg/day. A total number of 50 patients will be treated.

Independent of the dose level, Lenalidomide will be stopped individually in the case of GvHD ≥ grade II.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase-II Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Lenalidomide in Addition to 5-Azacitidine and Donor Lymphocyte Infusions (DLI) for the Treatment of Patients With MDS, CMML or AML Who Relapse After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation
Actual Study Start Date : May 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenalidomide + Aza + DLI
Patients will be included at the time of relapse after first allo-SCT. As standard of care all patients will receive Azacitidine 75 mg/m2/d for 7 days every 28 days for up to 8 cycles and DLIs given after cycle 4, 6 and 8 at a dose of 0.5-1x106CD3/kg (1st DLI), 1-5x106CD3/kg (2nd DLI) and 5-15x106CD3/kg (3rd DLI). As intervention (investigational drug), Lenalidomide will be also started on day 1 for 21 days every 28 days for a maximum of 8 cycles. Starting dose of Lenalidomide 2.5 mg per day for the first 10 patients. If no dose limiting toxicity is identified in a first interim analysis, the next 10 patients will be treated with 5 mg per day. In case of no DLT after a second interim analysis, the remaining 30 patients are envisaged to be treated with 5 mg per day.
Drug: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide (investigational drug) will be added to standard of care (Aza and DLI) starting from day 1 for 21 days every 28 days for a maximum of 8 cycles. Starting dose of Lenalidomide 2.5 mg per day for the first 10 patients. If no dose limiting toxicity is identified in a first interim analysis, the next 10 patients will be treated with 5 mg per day. In case of no DLT after a second interim analysis, the remaining 30 patients are envisaged to be treated with 5 mg per day.
Other Name: Revlimid

Drug: Azacitidine
Starting on day 1 all patients will receive Azacitidine (standard of care) 75 mg/m2/d for 7 days every 28 days for up to 8 cycles.
Other Name: Vidaza

Biological: Donor Lymphocyte Infusions
DLIs will be given after cycle 4, 6 and 8 at a dose of 0.5-1x10^6 CD3/kg (1st DLI), 1-5x10^6 CD3/kg (2nd DLI) and 5-15x10^6 CD3/kg (3rd DLI).
Other Name: DLI




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety [ Time Frame: 56 months (final analysis, two interim analysis after 10 and 20 patients) ]
    incidence and severity of adverse events

  2. Type of Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety [ Time Frame: 56 months (final analysis, two interim analysis after 10 and 20 patients) ]
    Type of adverse events

  3. Severity of Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety [ Time Frame: 56 months (final analysis, two interim analysis after 10 and 20 patients) ]
    Severity of Adverse Events


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with responses according to International Working Group (IWG) criteria as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 8 months ]
    Best response within the first 8 months of treatment according to the International Working Group (IWG) criteria

  2. Days from the beginning of treatment to best response in individual patients as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Time to response

  3. Number of participants achieving complete donor chimerism as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Rate of complete donor chimerism

  4. Number of participants with molecular response determined by disease-specific marker (e.g. FISH, mutations like TET2, ASXL1 etc.) or WT1 mRNA expression as a measure of efficay [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Molecular response measured by disease-specific marker (e.g. FISH, mutations like TET2, ASXL1 etc.) or WT1 mRNA expression

  5. Days from beginning of remission to relapse as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Duration of remission

  6. Days from start of treatment until death or last follow up as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Overall survival

  7. Number of participants with a positive correlation between response and cytogenetics as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Correlation of response and cytogenetics/molecular alterations

  8. Number of participants with acute GvHD according to Glucksberg Criteria as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Incidence of aGvHD

  9. Type of manifestations of acute GvHD according to Glucksberg Criteria as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Type of aGvHD

  10. Severity of acute GvHD manifestations according to Glucksberg Criteria as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Severity of aGvHD

  11. Number of hospitalizations per patients as a measure of safety [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Number of hospitalizations

  12. Number of participants with Adverse events specifying seriousness and expectedness (AE, SAE, SUSAR) according to ICH-GCP as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Number of Adverse Events specifying seriousness and expectedness (AE, SAE, SUSAR)

  13. Type of Adverse events specifying seriousness and expectedness (AE, SAE, SUSAR) according to ICH-GCP as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Type of Adverse Events specifying seriousness and expectedness (AE, SAE, SUSAR)

  14. Severity of Adverse events specifying seriousness and expectedness (AE, SAE, SUSAR) according to ICH-GCP as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Severity of Adverse Events specifying seriousness and expectedness (AE, SAE, SUSAR)

  15. Days from the beginning of treatment to complete donor chimerism as a measure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Time to complete donor chimerisms

  16. Number of participants with relapse as a meassure of efficacy [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Incidence of relapse

  17. Number of participants with chronic GvHD according to NIH Consensus Criteria as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Incidence of cGvHD

  18. Type of manifestations of chronic GvHD according to NIH Consensus Criteria as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Type of cGvHD

  19. Severity of manifestations of chronic GvHD according to NIH Consensus Criteria as a measure of safety. [ Time Frame: 56 months ]
    Severity of cGvHD



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • First relapse of de novo or therapy-related MDS, CMML or AML according to WHO classification (revised version 2016) without FLT3 mutation and without known IDH mutation after first allo-SCT (related or unrelated donor with < 2 HLA mismatches)
  • Possibility of DLI (no cord blood, no haploidentical donor)
  • no previous therapy for relapse after allo-SCT
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2 at study entry
  • no active GvHD treated with systemic immunosuppression within 4 weeks before inclusion
  • no uncontrolled infection at inclusion
  • Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form.
  • Age 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  • Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  • All females must acknowledge to have understood the hazards and necessary precautions associated with the use of lenalidomide

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Relapse after second allogeneic Transplantation
  • AML with FLT3 mutation (ITD or TKD)
  • AML with known IDH mutation (IDH1 or IDH2)
  • Any previous therapy (chemotherapy, radiation or investigational drugs) administered as therapy for relapse after allo-SCT
  • previous transplantation with cord blood, an haploidentical donor or a related/unrelated donor with

    ≥2 HLA mismatches

  • Active GvHD requiring systemic immunosuppression within the last 4 weeks
  • Uncontrolled infection
  • Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
  • mpaired renal function (GFR < 20 ml/min)
  • Impaired hepatic function
  • Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide, lenalidomide or any components of the treatment
  • The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs.
  • Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments.
  • Known positive for HIV or infectious hepatitis, type A, B or C.
  • Neuropathy ≥ grade 2
  • Prior history of malignancy other than MDS or AML (except basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast) unless the subject has been free of disease for ≥ 3 years
  • Participation in another study with ongoing use of unlicensed investigational product from 28 days before study enrollment until the end of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02472691


Locations
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Germany
University Hospital Duesseldorf, Dept. of Hematology, Oncology and Clinical Immunology
Duesseldorf, NRW, Germany, 40225
Sponsors and Collaborators
Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf
Celgene Corporation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Guido Kobbe, Prof. Dr. University Hospital Duesseldorf, Dept. for Hematology, Oncology and Clinical Immunology

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02472691     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AZALENA-2013/RV-MDS-PI-0777
First Posted: June 16, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 30, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Keywords provided by Heinrich-Heine University, Duesseldorf:
relapse after allogeneic transplantation
MDS
AML
CMML
DLI
Azacitidine
Lenalidomide
C04.557.337.539.275
C15.378.190.625
C04.557.337.539.522
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lenalidomide
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Azacitidine
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors