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Modulation of Gut Microbiota in Early Sepsis: A Pilot Study (MGM-sepsis)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02469571
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medical University of Graz

Brief Summary:

Background Sepsis is a common disease leading to high morbidity and mortality. Gut microbiota and/or gut permeability may play a crucial role in the development of organ dysfunction.

Hypothesis The ingestion of a multispecies probiotic in early sepsis is able to modulate gut microbiota and/or gut permeability.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sepsis Dietary Supplement: Winclove 607 Dietary Supplement: Placebo Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Sepsis is a systemic deleterious host response to infection causing major healthcare problems. Sepsis affects millions of people around the world each year, with a lethality of 25%-50%. The incidence is increasing partly because of a raise in average age and occurrence of predisposing diseases in the population, and partly because of shifts in causative pathogens. Effectiveness of therapy administered in the initial hours of severe sepsis critically influences the clinical outcome of the patient.

Lacking reliable biomarkers for early stages, the diagnosis of (severe) sepsis relies on a combination of surrogate parameters indicating end organ dysfunction.

Recently, gut wall integrity has been identified as a key feature in protecting the body against potentially harmful compounds such as bacteria, toxins and antigens. The gut barrier consists of the mucus barrier, antimicrobial peptides, secretory IgA, the epithelial barrier, and the gut immune system. Gut permeability is reported to increase in sepsis and to play a key role in the development of multi-organ dysfunction. Therefore, gut permeability markers might have the potential to predict the risk of progression from sepsis to severe sepsis. The mechanisms leading to increased gut permeability are not completely clear, yet. Direct and indirect interactions of pathogens, hormonal imbalances, beta-adrenergic activity, hyperglycemia and cytokine activation as well as individual predisposition have been proposed. It seems that increased gut permeability is the common final pathway of a multitude of influencing factors.

Furthermore, the importance of gut microbiota composition has recently been recognized in several diseases; however, not much is known about the role of the microbiome in sepsis to date. Available data suggest, that disturbances in microbiome homeostasis are present in sepsis, but it is yet unknown if these changes are cause or consequence of sepsis. Changes in gut barrier and/or gut microbiota can lead to an increase in microbial products in circulation, contributing to (inadequate) activation and later "paralysis" of immune cells. It is not yet known if the gut microbiome of a patient in early stages of sepsis differs from the healthy microbiome or from the microbiome of a patient in late stages of sepsis. Also, the possibility to modulate the gut microbiome in early sepsis has not been studied yet.

A typical strategy to modulate the gut microbiome is the use of probiotic bacteria. In sepsis, the use of probiotics is well established for specific indications, such as necrotising enterocolitis in neonates, however, studies in adults are scarce. Therefore the aim of this study is to investigate if the ingestion of a multispecies probiotic in early sepsis is able to modulate gut microbiota and/or gut permeability and observe the clinical outcome of treated patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Modulation of Gut Microbiota in Early Sepsis: A Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : March 1, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sepsis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Probiotic
5 g of Winclove-607 containing Bifidobacterium bifidum W23, Bifidobacterium lactis W51, Enterococcus faecium W54, Lactobacillus acidophilus W37, Lactobacillus acidophilus W55, Lactobacillus paracasei W20, Lactobacillus plantarum W1, Lactobacillus plantarum W62, Lactobacillus rhamnosus W71, Lactobacillus salivarius W24 at a concentration of 1.1 x 109 cfu/g twice daily for the 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: Winclove 607
multispecies probiotic

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
a similar looking and tasting placebo without bacteria once daily for 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Gut microbiota composition [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    next generation sequencing


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. gut permeability [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

  2. endotoxin [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    limulus amoebocyte assay

  3. soluble sepsis markers [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

  4. neutrophil function [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    flow cytometry



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study.
  • Age above 18 years
  • Sepsis as defined by the presence of a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (2 out of the four: elevated heart rate (tachycardia) >90 beats per minute at rest; body temperature either high (>100.4 F or 38 C) or low (<96.8 F or 36 C); increased respiratory rate of >20 breaths per minute or a reduced partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) in arterial blood level; abnormal white blood cell count (>12,000 cells/µL or <4,000 cells/µL or >10% bands [an immature type of white blood cell]) and a known or suspected infection
  • Blood cultures ordered by the attending physician

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe sepsis or septic shock as defined by the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines [1]
  • Admission to any intensive care unit or intermediate care unit for any reason
  • soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (sUPAR) level at admission >9.15 ng/mL [19]
  • Positive beta-D-glycan test
  • Patients receiving (par)enteral nutrition
  • Presence or suspicion of acute pancreatitis
  • Inability to understand and sign an informed consent
  • Pregnancy or women of childbearing age without adequate contraception
  • Women who are breast-feeding
  • Known malignancy or any other condition or circumstance, which, in the opinion of the investigator, would affect the patient's ability to participate in the protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02469571


Locations
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Austria
Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz
Graz, Austria, 8036
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical University of Graz
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Vanessa Stadlbauer-Köllner, MD Medical University of Graz
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Responsible Party: Medical University of Graz
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02469571    
Other Study ID Numbers: 26-496 ex 13/14
First Posted: June 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sepsis
Toxemia
Infection
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes