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Trial record 65 of 1011 for:    Area Under Curve AND insulin

Glargine Versus NPH in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02451917
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 22, 2015
Results First Posted : November 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 20, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Sao Paulo General Hospital

Brief Summary:
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus, and it is the leading cause of end stage renal disease on developed countries. The CKD diagnosis and its progression require re-evaluation of hypoglycemic therapy and constant dosing adjustments, in order to optimize glycemic control and minimize its side effects. Long acting insulin analogs and its pharmacokinetics have not been studied through different stages of kidney disease and there is no consensus defining the appropriate dosing adjustment based on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This research project will compare the glycemic response to intensive insulin treatment with NPH insulin and basal insulin analog (insulin glargine) in type 2 diabetes (DM 2) patients with CKD stages 3 and 4. Patients and methods - Inclusion Criteria: DM 2 patients with CKD secondary to diabetic nephropathy and GFR of 15-59 ml/min/1.73m². Exclusion Criteria: Patients with systemic neoplasia, HIV, CKD or nephropathy from other etiologies, severe psychiatric disorders and pregnant women. Study design: This study consists of a randomized, cross-over, open-label controlled clinical trial. Patients will be randomly divided into two groups: GROUP 1 - insulin analog glargine once a day and GROUP 2 - NPH human insulin, three applications per day, both group will be treated with insulin lispro at mealtime. The laboratory tests will be performed at baseline and 12, 24, 36 and 48 weeks after the study start. During routine medical appointments will be analyzed self- monitoring of capillary blood glucose (SMBG) and the hypoglycemia score. After 24 weeks the basal insulin will be changed, i.e. patients using NPH insulin will receive insulin glargine and patients on insulin glargine will be changed to NPH insulin. A CGMS will be carried out at 24 and 48 weeks. Methodology: The metabolic profile will be evaluated throughout SMBG; biochemical, hormonal and hematological measurements; hypoglycemia score and CGMS. Statistical analysis will be performed using comparative descriptive analyzes, such as chi-square distribution, t-test and non-parametric tests. Analyze of data CGMS will include the area under the curve and the related statistic. Finally, logistic regression models will be adopted to evaluate the effect of the treatment on the several variables in question.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Chronic Kidney Disease Drug: Glargine insulin Drug: NPH insulin Phase 4

Detailed Description:

This study consists of a randomized, cross-over, open-label controlled clinical trial. Randomized patients will be allocated alternately into two groups to receive the following therapies: GROUP 1 - insulin analog glargine once a day associated to insulin lispro at mealtime and GROUP 2 - NPH human insulin, three applications per day ( breakfast, lunch and bedtime) and insulin lispro at mealtime. Patients receiving insulin NPH plus insulin lispro will be oriented to mix both of them in the same syringe at breakfast and lunchtime. The laboratory tests will be performed at baseline and 12, 24, 36 and 48 weeks after the study start. During routine medical appointments the patient should bring the self- monitoring of capillary blood glucose (SMBG), eight points per day once a week, and hypoglycemia score.

After 24 weeks of insulin therapy, a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) will be implemented for three days, and after that, the basal insulin changed i.e. patients using NPH insulin will receive insulin glargine and patients on insulin glargine will be changed to NPH insulin, both groups will keep insulin lispro before meals. A new CGMS will be carried out 24 weeks after therapy has been changed. Methodology: The metabolic profile will be evaluated throughout SMBG; biochemical, hormonal and hematological measurements; hypoglycemia score and CGMS (Medtronic/Northridge, CA). All randomized patients who use at least one dose of any study treatment will be considered in the Intent-to-treat (ITT) population. The initial plan is to randomize 40 patients, assuming a drop-out rate of 15%, to obtain a sample size of at least 34 randomized patients. .Statistical analysis will be performed using comparative descriptive analyzes, such as chi-square distribution, t-test and non-parametric tests. Analyze of data CGMS will include the area under the curve and the related statistic. Finally, logistic regression models will be adopted to evaluate the effect of the treatment on the several variables in question.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Subcutaneous Insulin Glargine Versus NPH Insulin in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages III and IV: Randomized Controlled Trial.
Study Start Date : December 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Glargine insulin
This is an open-label, randomized, two-way crossover study , one is IGlar/INPH treatment sequence and, another is INPH/IGlar sequence. Wherein, IGlar refers to glargine insulin and INPH refers to NPH insulin. At the end of the study, all data acquired during the use of insulin glargine, regardless of the sequence were grouped as glargine.
Drug: Glargine insulin
The initial insulin dose for those randomized to IGlar was 80% of the total daily NPH dose that was being discontinued. All of them had pre-prandial Regular insulin switched to Lispro insulin (Humalog™, Lilly, Brazil), at the same dose as in use previously. After 24 weeks, basal insulins were switched; in other words, individuals on IGlar in the first period switched to INPH, and the doses of pre-meal insulin were sustained
Other Name: Lantus insulin ™, Sanofi-Aventis, Brazil

Active Comparator: NPH insulin

This is an open-label, randomized, two-way crossover study , one is IGlar/INPH treatment sequence and, another is INPH/IGlar sequence. Wherein, IGlar refers to glargine insulin and INPH refers to NPH insulin.

At the end of the study, all data acquired during the use of NPH insulin, regardless of the sequence were grouped as NPH.

Drug: NPH insulin
The same total daily NPH insulin dose was maintained for those randomized to INPH. All of them had pre-prandial Regular insulin (Humulin R™, Lilly, Brazil) switched to Lispro insulin (Humalog™, Lilly, Brazil), at the same dose as in use previously. . After 24 weeks, basal insulins were switched; in other words, individuals on NPH in the first period switched to glargine insulin, and the doses of pre-meal insulin were sustained.
Other Name: Humulin N™, Lilly, Brazil




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in A1c Levels [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks ]
    A1c using high performance liquid chromatography measured in percentage

  2. Number of Hypoglycemic Events [ Time Frame: between 1rst and 24 weeks of each treatment arm ]
    Hypoglycemia was defined by capillary glycemia< 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L), even if it was not accompanied by typical symptoms. Otherwise, hypoglycemia was classified as "severe" with SMBG below 50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) or when it resulted in stupor, seizure, or unconsciousness that precluded self-treatment, thus requiring the assistance of another individual. Nocturnal events were defined as SMBG < 70mg/dL occurring after midnight and before wake-up in the morning (before 7:00am)12.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Glycemic Variability [ Time Frame: 24 week ]
    In order to observe variability in interstitial glucose levels related to the therapy in use, participants wore a blinded CGM for 3 days. Changes in glycemic patterns were expressed by the average daily time spent in hypoglycemia (≤70 mg/dL or <3.9 mmol/L), hyperglycemia (>180 mg/dL or >10 mmol/L) and euglycemia (70-180 mg/dL or 3.9-10 mmol/L).

  2. Total Daily Insulin Dose [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks ]
    Daily total insulin dose at baseline compared to dose at week 24.

  3. Body Mass Index (BMI) [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks ]
    The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in metres.

  4. Serum Creatinine [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks ]
    Creatinine is measured in milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL

  5. Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) Calculated by CKD-EPI [ Time Frame: baseline and 24 weeks ]

    Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation is one of the most widely used IDMS traceable equations for estimating GFR in patients age 18 and over. CKD-EPI equation includes variables for age, gender, and race, which may allow providers to observe that CKD is present despite a serum creatinine concentration that appears to fall within or just above the normal reference interval.

    CKD-EPI equation expressed as a single equation: GFR = 141 × min (Scr /κ, 1)α × max(Scr /κ, 1)-1.209 × 0.993Age × 1.018 [if female] × 1.159 [if black] where: Scr is serum creatinine in mg/dL, κ is 0.7 for females and 0.9 for males, α is -0.329 for females and -0.411 for males,min indicates the minimum of Scr /κ or 1, and max indicates the maximum of Scr /κ or 1.




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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease secondary to diabetic nephropathy in stages 3 and 4 (moderate and severe nephropathy, corresponding to glomerular filtration rate of 15-59 ml/min/1.73m²) will be included in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with systemic neoplasias,
  • HIV, chronic kidney disease or nephropathy from other etiologies,
  • severe psychiatric disorders
  • pregnant women.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02451917


Locations
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Brazil
University of Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo, Brazil, 05410001
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Marcia S Queiroz, MD, PhD Assistant Professor at Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Clinic Hospital of the University of São Paulo Medical School

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Responsible Party: University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02451917     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ENDONEFRO
First Posted: May 22, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 7, 2017
Last Update Posted: December 20, 2017
Last Verified: August 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Sao Paulo General Hospital:
Glargine insulin
Chronic Kidney Disease
CGMS

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin Glargine
Insulin, Isophane
Isophane Insulin, Human
Isophane insulin, beef
Diabetes Mellitus
Kidney Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs