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International, Multicenter, Study of One-year, Open-label, Titrated Oral Tolvaptan Tablet Administration in Patients With Chronic Hyponatremia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02449044
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 20, 2015
Results First Posted : January 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 21, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.

Brief Summary:
This study will assess the safety of long-term tolvaptan use in patients previously enrolled in shorter-term Phase 3 studies and gather information on the natural history of hyponatremia in the context of tolvaptan therapy and underlying disease states.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hyponatremia Drug: Tolvaptan Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 111 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: International, Multicenter, Study of One-year, Open-label, Titrated Oral Tolvaptan Tablet Administration in Patients With Chronic Hyponatremia: Extension to Studies 156-02-235 and 156-03-238 to Assess One-year Safety
Study Start Date : May 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Tolvaptan

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tolvaptan
Enrolled subjects began treatment with 15 mg tolvaptan QD. A titration between target doses of 15 mg, 30 mg, or 60 mg of trial medication was based on the subject's change in serum sodium concentration and clinical tolerance of the trial medication.
Drug: Tolvaptan
Once Daily




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    A TEAE was an AE that began after the first injection or was continuous from Baseline and was defined as any new medical problem, or exacerbation of an existing problem, whether or not it was considered drug-related by the study physician. An AE was considered serious if it was fatal; life-threatening; persistently or significantly disabling or incapacitating; required in-subject hospitalization or prolonged hospitalization; a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or other medically significant event that, based upon appropriate medical judgment, may have jeopardized the participant and may have required medical or surgical intervention to prevent the outcomes mentioned above.

  2. Participants With Laboratory Values Abnormalities Reported as TEAEs [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    The laboratory values were one of the primary parameters to measure the safety and tolerability of individual participants. Incidence of TEAEs of potential clinical relevance include abnormal values in serum chemistry, hematology, urinalyses and prolactin tests that were identified based on pre-defined criteria. Any value outside the normal range was flagged for the attention of the study physician who was to indicate whether the value was clinically significant for identifying laboratory values of potential clinical relevance. Participants noted with abnormal laboratory values are reported below.

  3. Participants With Electrocardiogram (ECG) Related Abnormalities Reported as TEAEs [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    The ECG was one of the primary parameters to measure the safety and tolerability of individual participants. Incidence of TEAEs of potential clinical relevance included abnormal values in HR outliers, PR outliers, QRS outliers, QT, QTcB, QTcF that were identified based on pre-defined criteria. Some of the pre-defined criteria for identifying ECG measurements of potential clinical relevance included: For QTcB and QTcF: baseline mean of QTcB and QTcF interval was new onset >500 msec, 30 - 60 msec, >60 msec; For QT: new onset >500 msec; For QRS outliers: >=25% change from baseline when QRS >100 msec; PR outliers: >=25% change from baseline when PR>200 msec; HR outliers: 25% decrease from baseline and HR <50 bpm or 25% increase from baseline and HR >100 bpm. New onset (>500 msec) in QT, QTcB, or QTcF means a participant who attained a value >500 msec during treatment period but not at each baseline visit. The ECG-related abnormalities are reported as TEAEs are mentioned below.

  4. Participants With Vital Signs Abnormalities Reported as Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    The vital signs were one of the primary parameters to measure the safety and tolerability of individual participants. Incidence of TEAEs of potential clinical relevance included abnormal values in body temperature, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respiratory rate and weight that were identified based on pre-defined criteria. Criteria for identifying vital signs of potential clinical relevance included: Heart rate, supine: >= 120 beats per minute (bpm) + increase of ≥15 bpm from Baseline and <=50 bpm + decrease of >= 15 bpm; Diastolic Blood Pressure, Supine: >=105 mmHg + increase of >=15 mmHg and <=50 mmHg + decrease of >=15 mmHg; Systolic Blood Pressure, Supine: >=180 mmHg + increase of >=20 mmHg and <= 90 mmHg + decrease of >=20 mmHg; Temperature (degree C): Increase of >=1.1 to >=38.3C. The vital sign abnormalities were reported as TEAEs are mentioned below.

  5. Participants With Body Weight Abnormalities Reported as TEAEs [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    The body weight evaluation was one of the primary parameters to measure the safety and tolerability of individual participants. Every effort was made to ensure that body weight measurements were performed in a reproducible and consistent manner. The pre-defined criteria was change of ≥7% in body weight for both male and female. Participants were to wear the same type of clothes at each measurement, preferably a gown and no shoes. All body weight measurements were to have been taken post-void.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change From Baseline in Serum Sodium Measurements [ Time Frame: Baseline of parent trial to Week 214 ]
    Sodium measurements obtained at designated intervals were compared to each participant's Baseline sodium level at the beginning of placebo-controlled therapy in their original trial and from Baseline on initiation of therapy in the open-label trial.

  2. Change From Baseline in Percentage of Participants With Severe Hyponatremia [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 214 ]
    Percentage of participants with varying degrees of hyponatremia ("severe" <130, "mild" 130-135, "normal" >135 mEq/L) at Baseline and each study visit.

  3. Change From Baseline in Percentage of Participants With Mild Hyponatremia [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 214 ]
    Percentage of participants with varying degrees of hyponatremia ("severe" <130, "mild" 130-135, "normal" >135 mEq/L) at Baseline and each study visit.

  4. Change From Baseline in Percentage of Participants With Normal Sodium Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 214 ]
    Percentage of participants with varying degrees of hyponatremia ("severe" <130, "mild" 130-135, "normal" >135 mEq/L) at Baseline and each study visit.

  5. Percentage of Participants Requiring Prescription of Fluid Restriction [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    Percentage of participants requiring prescription of fluid restriction for the express purpose of treating hyponatremia during each period of the trial. Assessed descriptively at each visit.

  6. Number of Participants Requiring Prescription of Hypertonic Saline [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    Percentage of participants requiring prescription of hypertonic saline for the express purpose of treating hyponatremia during each period of the trial, assessed descriptively at each visit.

  7. Percentage of Participants Requiring Prescription of Other Medicines [ Time Frame: Baseline to Post-Week 214 follow-up visit ]
    Percentage of participants requiring prescription of other medicines for the express purpose of treating hyponatremia during each period of the trial, assessed descriptively at each visit.

  8. Mean Change From Baseline in Body Weight by Visit for Those Participants Who Had Clinical Evidence of Hypervolemia at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 214 ]
    Body weight at each visit (assessed only for those with clinical evidence of hypervolemia at Baseline) and was summarized using descriptive statistics.

  9. Mean Change From Baseline in SF-12 (Health Survey) Physical Component Summary (PCS) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 214 ]
    The PCS assess the physical and mental dimensions of health-related quality of life. The PCS is equal to the sum of the items of endurance activities, strength activities, gross coordination activities, and fine coordination activities. The PCS is a computed score with weighted function based on the 12 questions from the 8 subscales (physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, mental health) of the SF-12v1 questionnaire per instructions by the scale's publisher. The scale ranges from 0 to 100 with 0 representing the lowest level of health and 100 indicating the highest level of health.

  10. Mean Change From Baseline in SF-12 (Health Survey) Mental Component Summary (MCS) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 214 ]
    The MCS assess the physical and mental dimensions of health-related quality of life. The MCS is equal to the sum of the items of concentration activities, calculating activities, language activities, and memory activities. The MCS is a computed score with weighted function based on the 12 questions from the 8 subscales (physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional, mental health) of the SF-12v1 questionnaire per instructions by the scale's publisher. The scale ranges from 0 to 100 with 0 representing the lowest level of health and 100 indicating the highest level of health.

  11. Change From Baseline in the Hyponatremia Disease-specific Survey [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 214 ]
    Analysis of individual items of Hyponatremia Disease-specific Survey was not conducted, because the analysis of Hyponatremia Disease-specific Survey was focused on the PCS and MCS summary scores since these 2 scores were developed. Subgroup analyses of Hyponatremia Disease-specific Survey were also not conducted.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age greater than or equal to 18 years.
  2. Ability to provide informed consent or assent.
  3. Prior successful participation in a tolvaptan hyponatremia trial termination with evidence of continued need or desire for therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A current medical condition where long-term treatment with an aquaretic agent may present an undue risk to the patient.
  • Hyponatremia which is acute, reversible, artifactual or due to conditions not associated with vasopressin excess or likely to respond to aquaretic therapy.
  • Hyponatremia due to reversible medical condition or therapy
  • Conditions associated with an independent imminent risk of morbidity and mortality
  • Conditions which confound the assessment of endpoints.

Publications of Results:
Responsible Party: Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02449044     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 156-03-244
First Posted: May 20, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 21, 2016
Last Update Posted: January 21, 2016
Last Verified: December 2015

Keywords provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:
Hyponatremia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hyponatremia
Water-Electrolyte Imbalance
Metabolic Diseases
Tolvaptan
Antidiuretic Hormone Receptor Antagonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs