Longitudinal Effects of Denosumab on Trabecular Bone Score and Femur Strength Index
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02435147|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 6, 2015
Results First Posted : October 29, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 29, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Osteoporosis Bone Fracture||Drug: denosumab|
Bone fractures are a major cause of morbidity and health care expense among patients with osteoporosis.The goal of osteoporosis therapy is to reduce fracture risk. The administration of denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously (SC) every six months has been shown to limit bone turnover, increase bone mineral density (BMD), and reduce the risk for new vertebral, non-vertebral, and hip fractures among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (Cummings, 2009). Although BMD is an important factor for fracture risk, it does not describe bone microarchitecture, which is related to bone quality and mechanical bone strength. Trabecular bone score (TBS) is an index for bone microarchitecture extracted from anterior-posterior spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Previous research has shown TBS to differentiate between women with and without fractures as well as predict future fracture even after adjustment for BMD (Simonelli, Leib, Winzenrieth, & Hans, 2012). In a study of 29,407 Canadian women age 50 years and older at the time of baseline hip and spine DXA, health service records were assessed to determine the incidence of non-traumatic osteoporotic fractures subsequent to BMD testing. Lumbar spine TBS was derived for each DXA examination and blinded to clinical parameters and outcomes. Osteoporotic fractures were identified in 1668 (5.7%) women, including 439 (1.5%) spine and 293 (1.0%) hip fractures. Significantly lower spine TBS and BMD were found in women with major osteoporotic, spine, and hip fractures (p<0.0001). The results of this study suggest that spine TBS is predictive of osteoporotic fractures and provides additional clinical information independent of spine and hip BMD; therefore, combining TBS trabecular texture index with BMD incrementally improves fracture prediction in postmenopausal women (Hans, Goertzen, Krieg, & Leslie, 2011).
Clinical research has demonstrated the positive effect of denosumab on TBS over time. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 215 postmenopausal women with low BMD at the spine or total hip, denosumab (60mg SC every 6 months) was found to increase lumbar spine QCT, DXA, and TBS at 12 months compared to placebo or alendronate (Thomas, 2013). In another study conducted by McClung et al, postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who received denosumab were found to have significant increases in TBS, independent of BMD, at 36 months compared to baseline and placebo (McClung, Lippuner, Brandi, Kaufman, Zanchetta, & Krieg, 2012).
Femur strength index (FSI), which is a measure of femoral bone density, structure, and strength, has also been shown to predict hip fracture independent of bone density and hip axis length. In a study which compared FSI in a group of women age 50 years and older with and without hip fracture (365 with prior hip fracture and 2,141 controls), FSI was found to be significantly lower in the fracture group, after adjusting for T score and hip axis length (Faulkner, et al., 2006). Like TBS, FSI can be obtained from femur DXA measurements using modern software.
This is a single-site, open-label, non-randomized, observational study designed to assess the change in TBS and FSI at 36 months. among post-menopausal women with osteoporosis taking denosumab. All patients included in this study are under the medical care of the principal investigator. Subjects will enter the study once they have completed 36 months of treatment with denosumab and have evaluable DXA scans. Medical records will be retrospectively reviewed and percent change in TBS and FSI scores will be calculated.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||86 participants|
|Official Title:||Longitudinal Effects of Denosumab on Trabecular Bone Score and Femur Strength Index|
|Study Start Date :||April 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 2016|
- Drug: denosumab
Patients will receive denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously every six months as part of their standard osteoporosis treatment.Other Name: Prolia
- Proportion of Change in Mean Trabecular Bone Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and 36 months ]Proportion of change in mean trabecular bone score at 36 months following denosumab initiation
- Proportion of Change in Mean Femur Strength Index Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and 36 months ]Proportion of change in mean Femur Strength Index Score at 36 months following denosumab initiation
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02435147
|United States, Minnesota|
|HealthEast Care System|
|Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, 55104|
|Principal Investigator:||Christine Simonelli, MD||HealthEast Care System|