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Sensorimotor Dysfunction in Achalasia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02434991
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (No funding)
First Posted : May 6, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 16, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Karthik Ravi, M.D., Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
This study is being done to assess the esophageal muscle (swallowing tube) in patients with and without achalasia to further understand and help direct the treatment for patients with achalasia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Achalasia Device: Barostat Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Achalasia is currently defined solely on the basis of esophageal manometry. However, this fails to assess sensory function which may relate more to symptoms such as chest pain and heartburn. To date, the importance of sensory dysfunction in achalasia is poorly understood. The investigators want to define the relationship between esophageal sensory and motor dysfunction and symptoms in achalasia.

Following standard diagnostic evaluation including esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), barium esophagram, and esophageal manometry, symptoms will be assessed utilizing a standardized questionnaire. The subjects will then undergo transoral placement of an esophageal barostat. Following a standard protocol of esophageal distension, esophageal body compliance will be recorded with esophageal body pressure and volume. Mechanosensitivity will then be assessed utilizing a stepwise esophageal distension, with patients reporting symptoms utilizing a Likert scale. Patients will then undergo conventional achalasia treatment with either pneumatic dilation or Heller myotomy at the discretion of the treating gastroenterologist. Thereafter patients will be followed via a standardized phone survey at 3 months, 6 months, 2 years, and 4 years after treatment to assess symptoms and treatment response. Patients will have standard clinical follow ups, including barium esophagram, at 1 year, 3 years, and 5 years following treatment. Outcomes: From 100 new patients with achalasia seen yearly at Mayo, the investigators anticipate recruitment of 40 eligible patients over 12 months and 10 healthy volunteers. The correlation between mechanosensitivity and esophageal body compliance with symptoms such as dysphagia, chest pain, and heartburn will be measured in Types I, II and III achalasia. The association of these parameters with conventional manometrically defined achalasia subtypes will also be measured. Finally, the relationship between sensorimotor dysfunction in achalasia and therapeutic outcomes will be assessed with development of predictive models to assess symptomatic outcome by barostat measurements.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Sensorimotor Dysfunction in Achalasia
Estimated Study Start Date : March 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 14, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 14, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Barostat
The barostat (a thin tube, with a deflated balloon attached at the end) will be placed through your mouth down your esophagus (swallowing tube) to where your stomach and esophagus meet. The 10-cm long balloon will then be inflated with step by step pressure increases of 4mmHg for 30 seconds each to a maximum pressure of 50mmHg. The patient will rate discomfort during each step of inflation
Device: Barostat
  • During this study, the investigators will ask you to fill out questionnaires about your swallowing, chest pain, and heartburn. The investigators hope the patient will answer all of the questions, but patients can skip any questions they do not want to answer. The questionnaires will take about 15 minutes to complete.
  • A urine pregnancy test for females of childbearing years.
  • Patients will be asked to fast overnight (nothing to eat or drink for 8 hours) prior to the barostat test.
  • At this point healthy controls have completed the study.
  • Patients with achalasia will then undergo treatment for achalasia at the discretion of the primary clinician managing their case.
  • Patients will be contacted to complete a phone survey 3 & 6 months and 2 & 4 years after treatment.
Other Name: Sensorimotor dysfunction

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Presence of discomfort during barostat [ Time Frame: 20 minutes ]
    During each distention, patients would report presence of discomfort as: 0) none 1) sensation without discomfort 2) mild discomfort 3) moderate discomfort 4) pain. This scale has been utilized in previous studies assessing esophageal mechanosensitivity.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. symptoms (followup phone survey) [ Time Frame: 3, 6 months, 2, 4 years ]

    Measuring symptoms (dysphagia, regurgitation, chest pain, nocturnal cough) with modified Eckardt Score 0 None 1 occasional 2 daily

    None Occasional Daily

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults ages 18-90
  • Patients with achalasia, defined by an esophageal manometry study consistent with the diagnosis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with EGD or esophagram findings suggestive of pseudoachalasia
  • Previous history of pneumatic dilation, Heller myotomy, or botulinum toxin injection to the distal esophagus
  • Esophageal diameter greater than 6 cm
  • Previous history of upper gastrointestinal surgery
  • Medical conditions such as severe heart or lung disease that preclude safe performance barostat
  • Inability to read due to: Blindness, cognitive dysfunction, or English language illiteracy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02434991

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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic in Rochester
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
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Principal Investigator: Karthik Ravi, MD Mayo Clinic
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Responsible Party: Karthik Ravi, M.D., Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT02434991    
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-009073
First Posted: May 6, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 16, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: Yes
Keywords provided by Karthik Ravi, M.D., Mayo Clinic:
trouble swallowing
food sticking
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Esophageal Achalasia
Esophageal Motility Disorders
Deglutition Disorders
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases