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Ibrutinib, Rituximab, and Consolidation Chemotherapy in Treating Young Patients With Newly Diagnosed Mantle Cell Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02427620
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 28, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well ibrutinib, rituximab, and consolidation chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, dexamethasone, methotrexate, and cytarabine work in treating young patients with newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma. Ibrutinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, dexamethasone, methotrexate, and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more cancer cells. Giving ibrutinib together with rituximab and consolidation chemotherapy may be a better treatment for mantle cell lymphoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Blastoid Variant Mantle Cell Lymphoma CD20 Positive Mantle Cell Lymphoma Pleomorphic Variant Mantle Cell Lymphoma Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Doxorubicin Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Drug: Ibrutinib Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Methotrexate Biological: Rituximab Drug: Vincristine Drug: Vincristine Sulfate Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the response rate of ibrutinib plus rituximab in young newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) including young high-risk patients.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the progression free survival of ibrutinib plus rituximab with rituximab - cyclophosphamide, vincristine (vincristine sulfate), doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride), and dexamethasone (hyper-CVAD) consolidation in newly diagnosed MCL patients and in high-risk patients.

II. To further evaluate the toxicity profile of the ibrutinib/rituximab combination and consolidation therapy.

III. To estimate the rate of complete response (CR) prior to and following consolidation therapy.

IV. To estimate the response duration and overall survival. V. To analyze progression free survival in a subgroup of patients presenting with high risk features after receiving an additional 2 years of maintenance therapy with rituximab and ibrutinib at doses used in part 1 of the study, starting after part 2 of the study ends.

OUTLINE:

PART I (IBRUTINIB PLUS RITUXIMAB): Patients receive ibrutinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 and rituximab intravenously (IV) over 6-8 hours on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycle 1 and then over 4 hours on day 1 of cycles 3-12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or until patients achieve complete response.

PART II (CONSOLIDATION THERAPY): Patients receive rituximab IV over 6 hours on day 1; dexamethasone PO or IV on days 1-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours twice daily (BID) on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 15-30 minutes on day 5; and vincristine sulfate IV over 15-30 minutes on day 5 of cycles 1, 3, 5, and 7. Patients also receive rituximab IV over 6 hours on day 1; methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 2; and cytarabine IV over 2 hours BID on days 3 and 4 of cycles 2, 4, 6, and 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 4 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 131 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Ibrutinib Plus Rituximab With Hyper-CVAD Consolidation in Newly Diagnosed Young Patients With Mantle Cell Lymphoma: A Window Period for Bioimmunotherapy Before Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : June 3, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lymphoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (ibrutinib, rituximab, consolidation chemotherapy)

PART I (IBRUTINIB PLUS RITUXIMAB): Patients receive ibrutinib PO QD on days 1-28 and rituximab IV over 6-8 hours on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of cycle 1 and then over 4 hours on day 1 of cycles 3-12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or until patients achieve complete response.

PART II (CONSOLIDATION THERAPY): Patients receive rituximab IV over 6 hours on day 1; dexamethasone PO or IV on days 1-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours BID on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 15-30 minutes on day 5; and vincristine sulfate IV over 15-30 minutes on day 5 of cycles 1, 3, 5, and 7. Patients also receive rituximab IV over 6 hours on day 1; methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 2; and cytarabine IV over 2 hours BID on days 3 and 4 of cycles 2, 4, 6, and 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO or IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycadron
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decadron DP
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasone Intensol
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • TaperDex
  • Visumetazone
  • ZoDex

Drug: Doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adriablastin
  • Hydroxydaunomycin
  • Hydroxyl Daunorubicin
  • Hydroxyldaunorubicin

Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
  • ADM
  • Adriacin
  • Adriamycin
  • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
  • Adriamycine
  • Adriblastina
  • Adriblastine
  • Adrimedac
  • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
  • DOX
  • DOXO-CELL
  • Doxolem
  • Doxorubicin HCl
  • Doxorubicin.HCl
  • Doxorubin
  • Farmiblastina
  • FI 106
  • FI-106
  • hydroxydaunorubicin
  • Rubex

Drug: Ibrutinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BTK Inhibitor PCI-32765
  • CRA-032765
  • Imbruvica
  • PCI-32765

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Methotrexate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Abitrexate
  • Alpha-Methopterin
  • Amethopterin
  • Brimexate
  • CL 14377
  • CL-14377
  • Emtexate
  • Emthexat
  • Emthexate
  • Farmitrexat
  • Fauldexato
  • Folex
  • Folex PFS
  • Lantarel
  • Ledertrexate
  • Lumexon
  • Maxtrex
  • Medsatrexate
  • Metex
  • Methoblastin
  • Methotrexate LPF
  • Methotrexate Methylaminopterin
  • Methotrexatum
  • Metotrexato
  • Metrotex
  • Mexate
  • Mexate-AQ
  • MTX
  • Novatrex
  • Rheumatrex
  • Texate
  • Tremetex
  • Trexeron
  • Trixilem
  • WR-19039

Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABP 798
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • CT-P10
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • Rituximab Biosimilar ABP 798
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar CT-P10
  • Rituximab Biosimilar GB241
  • Rituximab Biosimilar IBI301
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • Rituximab Biosimilar SAIT101
  • rituximab biosimilar TQB2303
  • rituximab-abbs
  • RTXM83
  • Truxima

Drug: Vincristine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • LEUROCRISTINE
  • VCR
  • Vincrystine

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate (complete response + partial response) [ Time Frame: At 8 weeks ]
    Will be monitored using the Bayesian stopping boundaries calculated based on beta-binomial distribution. Logistic regression will be utilized to assess the effect of patient prognostic factors on the response rate.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: At 4 weeks ]
    Will be monitored using the Bayesian stopping boundaries calculated based on beta-binomial distribution. Logistic regression will be utilized to assess the effect of patient prognostic factors on the toxicity rate. Toxicity data by type and severity will be summarized by frequency tables.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier. Comparison of time-to-event endpoints by important subgroups will be made using the log-rank test.

  3. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier. Comparison of time-to-event endpoints by important subgroups will be made using the log-rank test.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has a confirmed diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma with CD20 positivity in tissue biopsy
  • Patients with MCL must be symptomatic and need immediate therapy; symptoms and nature of MCL include any of the following:

    • Blastoid variant
    • Pleomorphic variant
    • B symptoms
    • Mantle Cell International Prognostic Score (MIPI) > 3
    • Ki-67 >= 30%
    • Bulky tumors > 7 cm or in case of >= 2 tumors, each >= 5 cm in diameter
    • Disease threatening organ function
    • Elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
    • Peripheral blood white blood cell (PB WBC) > 50,000
    • Pancytopenia due to bone marrow MCL
    • Patient's choice due to anxiety
    • Pain due to lymphoma
    • Somatic mutations in the TP53, c-MYC or NOTCH genes
    • Size of spleen >= 20 cm
  • Patients with mantle cell lymphoma with any of the following will be considered "high-risk" for the purpose of this protocol:

    • Blastoid or pleomorphic histology
    • Ki-67 index larger than 30%
    • Bulky tumor of larger than 7 cm or in case of multiple tumors, larger than or equal to 5 cm each in diameter
    • Somatic mutations in the TP53, c-MYC or NOTCH genes
    • Size of spleen >= 20 cm
  • Patient has newly diagnosed disease with no prior therapy
  • Understand and voluntarily sign an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved informed consent form
  • Patients should have bi-dimensional measurable disease using the Cheson criteria (measurable disease by computed tomography [CT] scan defined as at least 1 lesion that measures >= 1.5 cm in single dimension)
  • Gastrointestinal or bone marrow or spleen only patients are allowable
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 or less
  • An absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,000/mm^3 (patients who have bone marrow infiltration by MCL are eligible if their ANC is >= 500/mm^3 [growth factor allowed]; these patients should be discussed with either the principal investigator [PI] or Co-PI of the study for final approval)
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3 (patients who have bone marrow infiltration by MCL are eligible if their platelet level is equal to or > than 20,000/mm^3; these patients should be discussed with either the PI or Co-PI of the study for final approval)
  • Serum bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dl
  • Creatinine (Cr) clearance >= 30 mL/min
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST)/serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine transaminase (ALT)/serum glutamic-pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) < 2 x upper limit of normal or < 5 x upper limit of normal if hepatic metastases are present; Gilbert's disease is allowed
  • Cardiac ejection fraction >= 50% by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
  • Disease free of prior malignancies with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast, or other malignancies in remission (including prostate cancer patients in remission from radiation therapy, surgery or brachytherapy), not actively being treated
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)* must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (within 30 days of initiation of protocol therapy) and must be willing to use acceptable methods of birth control; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a female of childbearing potential even if they have had a successful vasectomy

    • A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any serious medical condition including but not limited to, uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, active/symptomatic coronary artery disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), renal failure, active hemorrhage, or psychiatric illness that, in the investigators opinion places the patient at unacceptable risk and would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form
  • Pregnant or breast feeding females
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Patients with active hepatitis B or C infection (not including patients with prior hepatitis B vaccination); these patients should be cleared by gastrointestinal (GI) consultation for hepatitis B and infectious disease consult for hepatitis C
  • All patients with central nervous system lymphoma
  • Significant neuropathy (grades 3 - 4, or grade 2 with pain) within 14 days prior to enrollment
  • Contraindication to any of the required concomitant drugs or supportive treatments or intolerance to hydration due to preexisting pulmonary or cardiac impairment including pleural effusion requiring thoracentesis or ascites requiring paracentesis unless due to lymphoma
  • Malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel or ulcerative colitis, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease, or partial or complete bowel obstruction, or any other gastrointestinal condition that could interfere with the absorption and metabolism of ibrutinib
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks of initiation of therapy; clearance letter from primary physician required
  • Requires anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonist
  • Requires treatment with strong cytochrome P4503A (CYP3A) inhibitors
  • Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III and IV heart failure, myocardial infarction in the preceding 6 months, and significant conduction abnormalities, including but not limited to 2nd degree atrioventricular block (AV block) type II, 3rd degree block, QT prolongation (corrected QT [QTc] > 500 millisecond [msec]), sick sinus syndrome, ventricular tachycardia, symptomatic bradycardia (heart rate < 50 beats per minute [bpm]), hypotension, light headedness and syncope; patients with persistent and uncontrolled atrial fibrillation will be excluded; the protocol excludes patients who have recently had a stent and by recommendation of their cardiologist need to stay on anticoagulants such as warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonist
  • Acute infection requiring treatment (IV antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals) within 14 days prior to initiation of study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02427620


Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Luhua (Michael) Wang M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02427620     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-0559
NCI-2015-00960 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2014-0559 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 28, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 4, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Cytarabine
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Cyclophosphamide
Rituximab
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Methotrexate
Vincristine
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
BB 1101
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids