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An Efficacy and Safety Study of Ustekinumab in Participants With Active Nonradiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02407223
Recruitment Status : Terminated (This study was stopped because ustekinumab did not achieve key endpoints in a related study. The safety profile was consistent with past ustekinumab studies.)
First Posted : April 2, 2015
Results First Posted : March 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of ustekinumab in adult participants with active nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-AxSpA) measured by the reduction in signs and symptoms of nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-AxSpA).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nonradiographic Axial Spondylitis, Ankylosing Drug: Group 1: Placebo Drug: Group 2: Ustekinumab 45 mg Drug: Group 3: Ustekinumab 90 mg Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the efficacy and safety of ustekinumab in the treatment of participants with active non-radiographic axial spondylo arthritis. Participants will receive either placebo or ustekinumab 45 or 90 milligram (mg). Participants will primarily be assessed for Assessment of Spondylo Arthritis (ASAS) International Society criteria 20 at Week 24. Safety will be monitored throughout the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 356 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Ustekinumab in the Treatment of Subjects With Active Nonradiographic Axial Spondyloarthritis
Actual Study Start Date : July 13, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 26, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : September 26, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Ustekinumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Group 1: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo subcutaneously (SC) at Weeks 0, 4, 16, and 20. At Week 24, all participants (except those who early escaped) will crossover to receive ustekinumab 45 or 90 milligram (mg) SC at Weeks 24 and 28 followed by every 12 weeks up to Week 52. At Week 16, participants in placebo group with < 10% improvement from baseline in both total back pain and morning stiffness measures at Week 12 and 16 will enter early escape to receive ustekinumab 45 mg or 90 mg at Weeks 16, 20, and 28 followed by every 12 weeks up to Week 52. At Week 52, participants who achieved inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at both Week 40 and 52 will be re-randomized to receive placebo or ustekinumab every 12 weeks up to Week 88. At Week 52, participants who did not achieve inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at Week 40 or 52 will continue with ustekinumab every 12 weeks up to Week 88. NOTE: Intervention Description should have no more than 800 characters.
Drug: Group 1: Placebo
Participants will receive placebo SC at Weeks 0, 4, 16, and 20. At Week 24, all participants (except those who early escaped) will crossover to receive ustekinumab 45 or 90 mg SC at Weeks 24 and 28 followed by every 12 weeks up to Week 52. At Week 16, participants in placebo group with < 10% improvement from baseline in both total back pain and morning stiffness measures at Week 12 and 16 will enter early escape to receive ustekinumab 45 mg or 90 mg at Weeks 16, 20, and 28 followed by every 12 weeks up to Week 52. At Week 52, participants who achieved inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at both Week 40 and 52 will be re-randomized to receive placebo or ustekinumab every 12 weeks up to Week 88. At Week 52, participants who did not achieve inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at Week 40 or 52 will continue with ustekinumab every 12 weeks up to Week 88.

Experimental: Group 2: Ustekinumab 45 milligram (mg)
Participants will receive ustekinumab 45 mg subcutaneously at Weeks 0 and 4, followed by every 12 weeks through Week 52. At Weeks 20 and 24, participants will receive placebo subcutaneously to maintain the blind. At Week 52, participants who achieved inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at both Week 40 and Week 52 will be re-randomized to receive either placebo or ustekinumab 45 mg every 12 weeks in a blinded fashion. At Week 52, participants who did not achieve inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at Week 40 or Week 52 will continue receiving ustekinumab 45 mg every 12 weeks through Week 88.
Drug: Group 2: Ustekinumab 45 mg
Participants will receive ustekinumab 45 mg subcutaneously at Weeks 0 and 4, followed by every 12 weeks through Week 52. At Weeks 20 and 24, participants will receive placebo subcutaneously to maintain the blind. At Week 52, participants who achieved inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at both Week 40 and Week 52 will be re-randomized to receive either placebo or ustekinumab 45 mg every 12 weeks in a blinded fashion. At Week 52, participants who did not achieve inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at Week 40 or Week 52 will continue receiving ustekinumab 45 mg every 12 weeks through Week 88.

Experimental: Group 3: Ustekinumab 90 mg
Participants will receive ustekinumab 90 mg subcutaneously at Weeks 0 and 4, followed by every four weeks through Week 52. At Weeks 20 and 24, participants will receive placebo subcutaneously to maintain the blind. At Week 52, participants who achieved inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at both Week 40 and Week 52 will receive either placebo or ustekinumab 90 mg every 12 weeks in a blinded fashion. At Week 52, participants who did not achieve inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at Week 40 or Week 52 will continue receiving ustekinumab 90 mg every 12 weeks through Week 88.
Drug: Group 3: Ustekinumab 90 mg
Participants will receive ustekinumab 90 mg subcutaneously at Weeks 0 and 4, followed by every four weeks through Week 52. At Weeks 20 and 24, participants will receive placebo subcutaneously to maintain the blind. At Week 52, participants who achieved inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at both Week 40 and Week 52 will receive either placebo or ustekinumab 90 mg every 12 weeks in a blinded fashion. At Week 52, participants who did not achieve inactive disease by ASDAS (ESR) <1.3 at Week 40 or Week 52 will continue receiving ustekinumab 90 mg every 12 weeks through Week 88.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) 20 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ASAS 20 defined as improvement of greater than or equal to (>=) 20 % from baseline and absolute improvement from baseline of 1 on a 0 to 10 centimeter(cm) scale in at least 3 of following 4 domains: Patient's global assessment of disease activity (0 to 10 cm; 0=very well,10=very poor), total back pain (0 to 10 cm; 0=no pain,10=most severe pain), BASFI (self-assessment represented as mean (0 to 10 cm; 0=easy to 10=impossible) of 10 questions, 8 of which relate to participant's functional anatomy and 2 to participant's ability to cope with everyday life), Inflammation (0 to 10 cm;0=none,10=very severe); absence of deterioration (>= 20% and worsening of at least 1 on a 0 to 10 cm scale) from baseline in remaining domain. ASAS20 response based on imputed data using treatment failure (consider non-responders at and after treatment failure),early escape rules (consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24),non-responder[NRI] (missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responder).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved an ASAS 40 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ASAS 40 defined as improvement of >= 40% from baseline and absolute improvement from baseline of at least 2 on 0 to 10 cm scale in at least 3 of following 4 domains: Patient's global assessment of disease activity (0 to 10 cm; 0=very well,10=very poor),total back pain (0 to 10 cm; 0=no pain,10=most severe pain), BASFI (self-assessment represented as mean (0 to 10 cm; 0=easy to 10=impossible) of 10 questions, 8 of which relate to participant's functional anatomy and 2 relate to participant's ability to cope with everyday life), Inflammation (0 to 10 cm; 0=none,10=very severe); no worsening at all from baseline in remaining domain. ASAS40 response based on imputed data using treatment failure(consider non-responders at and after treatment failure),early escape rules(consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24),non-responder[NRI] (missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responder).

  2. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved at Least a 50% Improvement From Baseline in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The BASDAI is used to measure the ankylosing spondylitis (AS) disease severity. It consists of 6 questions: fatigue, spinal pain, arthralgia (joint pain) or swelling, enthesitis (inflammation of tendons and ligaments), and morning stiffness (2 questions: duration and severity). Each question is an easy to answer 10 centimeter (cm) visual analog scale (VAS), with 0 being none, and 10 being very severe. In order to give each of the 5 symptoms equal weight, the mean of the 2 questions about morning stiffness were added to the total of the remaining 4 scores, and the final BASDAI score (ranging 0-10) is the average of the overall total score. Higher BASDAI score indicates more severe AS symptom. 50% improvement in response based on imputed data using treatment failure(consider non-responders at and after treatment failure),early escape rules(consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24), non-responder[NRI] (missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responder).

  3. Change From Baseline in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 ]
    The BASFI is composed with 10 questions (each question is answered with a visual analogue scale 0-10 cm) to assess the disease severity, including the first 8 questions regarding to functional anatomy related activities and the remaining 2 questions related to daily activities of ankylosing spondylitis participants. Each question is a 10cm VAS with a value between 0 (easy) and 10 (impossible). The final BASFI score is the mean of the 10 scores. The BASFI score is the average of the 10 responses and has a possible minimum value of 0 and a possible maximum value of 10. Higher BASFI score indicates more severe functional limitations of the participant due to AS. Early escape rule was applied (measurement value at Week 20 and Week 24 was set as missing).

  4. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) C-reactive Protein (CRP) Inactive Disease (<1.3) at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ASDAS includes CRP milligram per liter (mg/L); four additional self-reported items (rated on 0-10cm VAS or 0-10 numerical rating scale [NRS]) included total back pain(TBP), duration of morning stiffness (DMS), peripheral pain/swelling and patient global assessment(PGA). ASDAS scores calculated as: ASDAS(CRP) = (0.121*total back pain)+ (0.110*PGA)+ (0.073*peripheral pain/swelling)+ (0.058* DMS)+ (0.579*Ln(CRP+1)). The disease activity, TBP, and peripheral pain/swelling on a numeric rating scale (from 0 (normal) to 10 (very severe)) and DMS on a numeric rating scale (0 to 10, with 0 being none and 10 representing a duration of =>2 hours). Inactive disease is defined as an ASDAS score <1.3. ASDAS (CRP) Inactive Disease is based on imputed data using treatment failure(consider non-responders at and after treatment failure),early escape rules(consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24), NRI (missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responder).

  5. Change From Baseline in High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP) Levels Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    Change from baseline in hsCRP levels was reported. hsCRP is a sensitive laboratory assay for serum levels of C-Reactive Protein, which is a biomarker of inflammation. Early escape rule was applied (measurement value at Week 20 and Week 24 was set as missing). Here 'n' signifies the number of participants who were analyzed at each specified timepoints, for each arm, respectively.

  6. Percentage of Participants With ASAS 20 Components at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    ASAS 20 defined as >= 20% improvement from baseline in 4 individual components of ASAS20: Patient's global assessment (PGA) of disease activity (0 to 10cm; 0=very well,10=very poor), total back pain(0 to 10cm; 0=no pain,10=most severe pain), BASFI (self-assessment represented as mean(0 to10 cm; 0=easy to 10=impossible) of 10 questions, 8 of which relate to functional anatomy and 2 relate to participant's ability to cope with life) and Inflammation (0 to 10cm;0=none,10=very severe).

  7. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ASAS 40 Response at Week 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ]
    ASAS 40 defined as improvement of >= 40% from baseline and absolute improvement from baseline of at least 2 on 0 to10cm scale in at least 3 of following 4 domains: Patient's global assessment of disease activity (0 to 10cm; 0=very well,10=very poor),total back pain (0 to 10cm; 0=no pain,10=most severe pain), BASFI (self-assessment represented as mean (0 to 10 cm; 0=easy to 10=impossible) of 10 questions, 8 of which relate to participant's functional anatomy and 2 relate to participant's ability to cope with everyday life), Inflammation (0 to 10cm;0=none,10=very severe); no worsening at all from baseline in remaining domain. ASAS40 response based on imputed data using treatment failure (consider non-responders at and after treatment failure), early escape rules(consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24),non-responder[NRI] (missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responder).

  8. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved ASAS 20 Response at Week 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ]
    ASAS 20 defined as improvement of >= 20 % from baseline and absolute improvement from baseline of 1 on a 0 to 10 cm scale in at least 3 of following 4 domains: Patient's global assessment of disease activity (0 to 10 cm; 0=very well,10=very poor), total back pain (0 to 10 cm; 0=no pain,10=most severe pain), BASFI (self-assessment represented as mean (0 to 10 cm; 0=easy to 10=impossible) of 10 questions, 8 of which relate to participant's functional anatomy and 2 to participant's ability to cope with everyday life), Inflammation (0 to 10 cm;0=none,10=very severe); absence of deterioration (>= 20% and worsening of at least 1 on a 0 to 10 cm scale) from baseline in remaining domain. ASAS20 response based on imputed data using treatment failure (consider non-responders at and after treatment failure),early escape rules (consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24),non-responder[NRI] (missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responder).

  9. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved at Least a 50% Improvement From Baseline in BASDAI at Week 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 ]
    The BASDAI is used to measure the ankylosing spondylitis (AS) disease severity. It consists of 6 questions: fatigue, spinal pain, arthralgia (joint pain) or swelling, enthesitis (inflammation of tendons and ligaments), and morning stiffness (2 questions: duration and severity). Each question is an easy to answer 10 centimeter (cm) visual analog scale (VAS), with 0 being none, and 10 being very severe. In order to give each of the 5 symptoms equal weight, the mean of the 2 questions about morning stiffness will be added to the total of the remaining 4 scores, and the final BASDAI score (ranging 0-10) is the average of the overall total score. Higher BASDAI score indicates more severe AS symptom. 50% improvement in BASDAI based on imputed data using treatment failure(consider non-responders at and after treatment failure),early escape rules(consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24), NRI(missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responders).

  10. Change From Baseline in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) at Week 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ]
    The BASFI is composed with 10 questions (each question is answered with a visual analogue scale 0-10 cm) to assess the disease severity, including the first 8 questions regarding to functional anatomy related activities and the remaining 2 questions related to daily activities of AS participants. Each question is a 10cm VAS with a value between 0 (easy) and 10 (impossible). The final BASFI score is the mean of the 10 scores. The BASFI score is the average of the 10 responses and has a possible minimum value of 0 and a possible maximum value of 10. Higher BASFI score indicates more severe functional limitations of the participant due to AS. Missing data were imputed using early escape rule (measurement value at Week 20 and 24 was set as missing). Here 'n' defined as number of participants who were analyzed at each specified timepoint, for each arm, respectively.

  11. Percentage of Participants With ASDAS (CRP) Inactive Disease (<1.3) at Week 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 [ Time Frame: Week 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 ]
    ASDAS includes CRP mg/L; four additional self-reported items (rated on 0-10cm VAS or 0-10 numerical rating scale [NRS]) included total back pain(TBP), duration of morning stiffness (DMS), peripheral pain/swelling and patient global assessment(PGA). ASDAS scores calculated as: ASDAS(CRP) = (0.121*total back pain)+ (0.110*PGA)+ (0.073*peripheral pain/swelling)+ (0.058* DMS)+ (0.579*Ln(CRP+1)). The disease activity, TBP, and peripheral pain/swelling on a numeric rating scale (from 0 (normal) to 10 (very severe)) and DMS on a numeric rating scale (0 to 10, with 0 being none and 10 representing a duration of =>2 hours). Inactive disease is defined as an ASDAS score <1.3. ASDAS (CRP) Inactive Disease is based on imputed data using treatment failure(consider non-responders at and after treatment failure),early escape rules(consider non-responder at Week 20 and 24), NRI (missing responses at post baseline visit imputed as non-responder).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must be classified as having nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-AxSpA) based on 2009 Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria
  • Must have an age at nr-AxSpA onset of <= 45 years
  • Must have at screening or active inflammation on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as evidenced by the central readers and no radiographic sacroiliitis that fulfills the 1984 modified New York Criteria
  • Must have symptoms of active disease at screening and at baseline, as evidenced by both a BASDAI score of >= 4 and a visual analogue scale (VAS) score for total back pain of more than or equal to (>=) 4, each on a scale of 0 to 10

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have radiographic sacroiliitis fulfilling the 1984 modified New York Criteria
  • Have other inflammatory diseases that might confound the evaluations of benefit from the ustekinumab therapy
  • Have received any systemic immunosuppressives or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARDs) other than methotrexate (MTX), sulfasalazine (SSZ), or hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) within 4 weeks prior to first administration of study agent
  • Have received epidural, intra-articular, intramuscular (IM), or intravenous (IV) corticosteroids, including adrenocorticotropic hormone during the 4 weeks prior to first administration of study agent
  • Have received prior biologic therapy other than anti-TNFα
  • Have received more than 1 prior anti-TNFα agent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02407223


  Show 93 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 9, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] December 8, 2017


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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02407223     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR106995
CNTO1275AKS3003 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2015-000289-67 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 2, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 13, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Nonradiographic Axial Spondylitis, Ankylosing
Ustekinumab

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Spondylitis
Spondylarthritis
Spondylitis, Ankylosing
Bone Diseases, Infectious
Infection
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Spinal Diseases
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Spondylarthropathies
Ankylosis
Benzocaine
Ustekinumab
Anesthetics, Local
Anesthetics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Dermatologic Agents