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Trial Studying Maintenance Treatment With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone Versus Lenalidomide, Dexamethasone and MLN9708 After Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Newly-diagnosed Symptomatic Multiple Myeloma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02406144
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 30, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Celgene
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
PETHEMA Foundation

Brief Summary:

This protocol is a randomized, open-label, national, multicenter trial studying maintenance treatment with lenalidomide and dexamethasone versus lenalidomide, dexamethasone and MLN9708 after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with newly-diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma.

A total of 316 patients, from the study GEM2012MENOS65, will be enrolled in the study.

The pre-treatment period includes the screening visit in which participants provide informed consent in writing in order to take part in the study. The patient is then assessed to determine his/her eligibility. The selection process will begin 21 days before the first dose of medication is administered (days -21 to 0). All procedures during the pre-treatment period will be carried out after completion of the two cycles of post-transplant consolidation with VRD which coincide with the end-of-study visit of clinical trial GEM2012MENOS65.

During the treatment period, eligible patients will be included in the study and receive maintenance treatment with lenalidomide/dexamethasone versus lenalidomide/dexamethasone/MLN9708. Each cycle will last 28 days. Treatment arm A will consist of oral administration of 15 mg/day of oral lenalidomide on days 1-21, and 20 mg/day of dexamethasone administered orally on days 1-4 and 9-12 for a period of two years. Arm B of the maintenance treatment will be the same as arm A, with the addition of MLN9708 during the two year maintenance period, at a dose of 4 mg/day on days 1, 8 and 15 of the cycle.

At two years, patients with negative MRD will finish maintenance treatment. Patients with positive MRD will continue treatment with lenalidomide/dexamethasone until they have completed five years of maintenance treatment. In this case, 20 mg/day of dexamethasone will only be administered on days 1-4 of the cycle. The dose of lenalidomide will not be adjusted. (unless necessary to treat adverse events)

Once this phase of active treatment is complete, patients will begin the long-term follow-up phase, during which they will be visited every three months to evaluate progression and survival.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: MLN9708 Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The primary trial objectives are:

• Impact on progression-free survival (PFS) when adding MLN9708 to post-transplant maintenance treatment with lenalidomide/dexamethasone in patients with multiple myeloma.

The secondary trial objectives are:

  • Evaluate development and clinical significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) from the time maintenance treatment is initiated, yearly over five years.
  • Overall survival (OS).
  • Evaluate the safety and tolerability of the maintenance treatment.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 316 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Lenalidomide
Oral administration of 15 mg/day of oral lenalidomide on days 1-21, and 20 mg/day of dexamethasone administered orally on days 1-4 and 9-12 for a period of two years
Drug: Lenalidomide
Drug: Dexamethasone
Experimental: MLN9708 plus Lenalidomide
MLN9708 during the two year maintenance period, at a dose of 4 mg/day on days 1, 8 and 15 of the cycle.
Drug: MLN9708
Drug: Lenalidomide
Drug: Dexamethasone



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Months to progression disease


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    Number of patient with MRD and evaluation of its clinical significance

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
    Months of survival



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 67 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient must, in the opinion of the investigator, be capable of complying with all requirements of the trial.
  • Have signed the informed consent form
  • Be between 18 and 67 years of age
  • Have an ECOG Performance Status <= 2 (or 3 if the ECOG is due to myeloma, e.g. pathological fracture)
  • Multiple myeloma patient who was included in the GEM2012MENOS65 trial, and who is found to have, at a minimum, minimal response after consolidation
  • Life expectancy > 3 months
  • The patient must have the following laboratory values in the 21 days prior to initiation of treatment (day 1, cycle 1):

    1. Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L and absolute neutrophil count of ≥ 1.0 x 109/L. - Platelet transfusions to help patients meet eligibility criteria are not allowed.
    2. Corrected serum calcium < 14 mg/dL.
    3. Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    4. Total bilirubin within normal range
    5. Calculated creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min
  • Female patients who:

    1. Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, OR
    2. Are surgically sterile, OR
    3. If they are of childbearing potential, agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, AND
    4. Must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment-specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR
    5. Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.)
  • Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (ie, status post-vasectomy), must agree to one of the following:

    1. Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 90 days after the last dose of study drug, OR
    2. Must also adhere to the guidelines of any treatment-specific pregnancy prevention program, if applicable, OR 30 Agree to practice true abstinence when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence (eg, calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods] and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients not included in clinical trial GEM2012MENOS65
  • Patients included in GEM2012MENOS65 who are not found to have a least minimal response after consolidation
  • Patients included in GEM2012MENOS65 who were discontinued prematurely due to toxicity or disease progression
  • Female patients who are lactating or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period.
  • Central nervous system involvement
  • Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14 days before study enrollment.
  • Systemic treatment, within 14 days before the first dose of MLN9708, with strong inhibitors of CYP1A2 (fluvoxamine, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin), strong inhibitors of CYP3A (clarithromycin, telithromycin, itraconazole, voriconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, posaconazole) or strong CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), or use of Ginkgo biloba or St. John's wort.
  • Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol.
  • Known GI disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of MLN9708 including difficulty swallowing.
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease. Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection.
  • Peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2 in the 21 days prior to inclusion.
  • Known hypersensitivity to lenalidomide or to MLN9708, their analogues, or excipients in the various formulations of any agent.
  • Patients who have had a myocardial infarction in the six months prior to inclusion in the clinical trial, or who are class III or IV according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA), heart failure unstable angina, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias or acute ischemia detected by electrocardiogram, or conduction disorders.
  • Patients who are currently participating in another clinical trial or receiving any other investigational product.
  • Seropositive for HVB, HVC or HIV.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02406144


  Show 74 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
PETHEMA Foundation
Celgene
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Responsible Party: PETHEMA Foundation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02406144     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GEM2014MAIN
First Posted: April 2, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 30, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Keywords provided by PETHEMA Foundation:
Multiple Myeloma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide
Ixazomib
Thalidomide
BB 1101
Glycine
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists