Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 4 of 325 for:    CYTARABINE AND DAUNORUBICIN

A Study of Selinexor in Combination With Daunorubicin and Cytarabine for Untreated AML

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02403310
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 31, 2015
Last Update Posted : June 5, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this study is to determine the safety of combining selinexor with daunorubicin and cytarabine. The maximal tolerated dose (MTD) of selinexor with daunorubicin and cytarabine will also be established.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia AML Drug: Selinexor Drug: Daunorubicin Drug: Cytarabine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Induction Therapy - Dose escalation of selinexor with Daunorubicin and cytarabine at fixed doses.

Consolidation Phase - Patients who are in complete remission (CR) or complete remission with incomplete count recovery (CRi) by day ≤70 and have recovered from any previous non- hematologic toxicity to baseline or grade ≤1 by day ≤70 following induction chemotherapy may go on to receive consolidation therapy for up to 2 cycles. The consolidation treatment phase will include up to two courses of therapy (28 day cycles) as follows:

Daunorubicin 45mg/m^2/day (days 1-2) Cytarabine 100mg/m^2/day (continuous infusion on days 1-5) Selinexor same dose as induction (days 1,3,8,10) unless dose limiting toxicity (DLT) dictates a dose reduction. Selinexor will be given 2 hours prior to daunorubicin on day 1.

A second cycle of consolidation therapy using the same doses as above will be administered, at the investigators discretion, between 28 and 42 days following initiation of the first consolidation treatment, after peripheral blood counts have recovered to CR, CRi levels, and after recovery from any non-hematologic toxicity to baseline or grade ≤1. Dose escalation of Selinexor will not occur during the consolidation phase.

Maintenance Phase - Patients who remain in CR, CRi after up to 2 cycles of consolidation and are not eligible for allogeneic stem cell transplant will be eligible for the maintenance phase of treatment after recovery from any previous non-hematologic toxicity to baseline or grade ≤1. Maintenance therapy will consist of:

Selinexor at the same dose as induction on days 1 and 8 of a 21 day cycle. They will continue for a maximum of 12 months.

Expansion Phase - Once the MTD has been established, there will be an expansion phase to enroll an additional 13 subjects at the MTD to better characterize the safety profile and tolerability.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Investigator Sponsored Study of Selinexor in Combination With Daunorubicin and Cytarabine in Patients With Previously Untreated Poor-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : June 9, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 13, 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Escalation - Selinexor

Dose escalation of selinexor with fixed doses of daunorubicin and cytarabine.

Induction Therapy may be followed by Consolidation Phase and Maintenance Phase as outlined in the Detailed Description and Intervention Descriptions.

Drug: Selinexor

Induction: Oral selinexor on days 1, 3, 8, 10, 15 and 17.

  • Dose Level 2: 80 mg twice weekly.
  • Dose Level 1 (starting dose): 60 mg twice weekly.
  • Dose Level -1: 40 mg twice weekly.

Consolidation: Selinexor same dose as induction (days 1,3,8,10) unless dose limiting toxicity (DLT) dictates a dose reduction.

Maintenance: Selinexor at the same dose as induction on days 1 and 8 a 21 day cycle. They will continue for a maximum of 12 months.

Other Names:
  • KPT-330
  • SINE KPT-330

Drug: Daunorubicin

Induction: Daunorubicin 60 mg/m^2/day (days 1-3).

Consolidation: Daunorubicin 45 mg/m^2/day (days 1-2).

Other Names:
  • Cerubidine®
  • daunomycin cerubidine
  • daunorubicin hydrochloride

Drug: Cytarabine

Induction: Cytarabine 100 mg/m^2/day (days 1-7).

Consolidation: Cytarabine 100 mg/m^2/day (continuous infusion on days 1-5).

Other Names:
  • Cytosar-U
  • Tarabine PFS
  • ARA-C




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximal Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Selinexor [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    MTD / Recommended Phase II Dose (RP2D) of selinexor with daunorubicin and cytarabine. Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT): Non-hematologic - Any grade 3-4 drug-related non-hematologic toxicity, with the following exceptions: Nausea/vomiting or diarrhea adequately controlled with antiemetics/antidiarrheals; Infection or febrile neutropenia adequately controlled with antibiotics; Liver function abnormalities (without clinical symptoms) that recover to baseline or grade 0-1 within 7 days; Grade 3-4 electrolyte or metabolic laboratory abnormalities that are not considered clinically significant by the treating investigator/physician and that recover to baseline or grade 0-1 within 7 days; Alopecia. Hematologic - Grade 3-4 neutropenia and/or thrombocytopenia (thought to be due to marrow hypoplasia and NOT leukemic burden) that does not recover to grade ≤2 by day 56.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Complete Response (CR) Plus Complete Response with Incomplete Count Recovery (CRi). [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    A CR designation requires that the patient achieve the morphologic leukemia-free state and have an absolute neutrophil count of more than 1,000/μL and platelets of 100,000/μL. A CRi designation requires that the patient achieve the morphologic leukemia-free state with incomplete recovery of neutrophils (<1,000/μL) or platelets (<100,000/μL).

  2. Disease Free Survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Disease free survival is measured from the time measurement criteria are met for CR/CRi until the first date that relapse is objectively documented.

  3. Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Time to progression is a secondary endpoint that will be measured as the time from when the patient started treatment to the time the patient is first recorded as having relapsed, or the date of death if the patient dies due to causes other than disease progression.

  4. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Overall survival is a secondary endpoint that will be measured as time from the start of treatment until death from any cause, or the last date the patient was known to be alive.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Potential participants must have newly diagnosed, previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (excluding M3); Must have adverse-risk AML defined as poor-risk karyotype (complex, monosomal or other known poor risk cytogenetic abnormality), poor-risk mutations/fusion genes or known history of antecedent hematologic disorder, or treatment related AML, or be ≥60 years of age; Cytogenetics, FISH or mutational analysis confirming adverse risk features must have been done within 90 days prior to enrollment.
  • May not have undergone any prior therapy for their AML other than hydroxyurea. However, if patients had an antecedent myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), prior treatment with a hypomethylating agent or any other therapy (with the exception of allogeneic stem cell transplant) used to treat their MDS is allowed.
  • Age ≥18 years
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2
  • Life expectancy of greater than 2 months
  • Must have normal organ function
  • Able and willing to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50%
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 milli-international units per milliliter (mIU)mL) within 10 days and again within 24 hours prior to beginning study treatment. Participants of childbearing potential must practice recommended contraception. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Breastfeeding mothers must agree to discontinue nursing if the mother is treated with selinexor.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Able to swallow capsules and have no evidence of GI tract abnormality that would alter the absorption of oral medications
  • Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • May not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Documented central nervous system (CNS) involvement of AML
  • AML with favorable risk cytogenetic abnormalities including t(15;17), t(8;21) or inv(16)
  • Potential participants who are in the blast phase of chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Major surgery within 2 weeks of first dose of study drug; must have recovered from the effects of any surgery performed greater than 2 weeks prior
  • White blood cell (WBC) count ≥50,000 on hydroxyurea
  • Predicted inability to tolerate standard induction chemotherapy with daunorubicin and cytarabine
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • HIV-positive, receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy
  • No other malignancies in addition to AML that are currently requiring treatment with the exception of basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast
  • History of allogeneic stem cell transplant for MDS or any other antecedent hematologic disorder.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02403310


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Kendra Sweet, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02403310     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-18157
First Posted: March 31, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 5, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
adverse-risk AML
poor-risk karyotype
cytogenetic abnormality
poor-risk mutations
antecedent hematologic disorder
treatment related AML
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Cytarabine
Daunorubicin
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors