Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Intravaginal Rings Containing Vicriviroc (MK-4176) and/or MK-2048
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02356302|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 5, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2021
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|HIV Infections||Device: Vicriviroc (MK-4176) Intravaginal Ring (IVR) Device: MK-2048 IVR Device: MK-2048A IVR Device: Placebo IVR||Phase 1|
The development of safe and effective HIV prevention strategies is an important global health priority. IVRs have previously been approved as a delivery method for various medications, and this study will evaluate IVRs containing HIV antiretroviral medications. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics of a combination IVR called MK-2048A that contains vicriviroc (MK-4176) and MK-2048, compared to IVRs containing vicriviroc alone and MK-2048 alone.
This study will enroll healthy, HIV-uninfected women, 18 to 45 years old. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive an IVR containing either vicriviroc, MK-2048, MK-2048A (which contains vicriviroc and MK-2048), or placebo. Participants will receive their assigned IVR at the enrollment visit, and the IVR will be removed on Day 28. Participants will attend study visits at screening, enrollment (Day 0), and Days 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 29, 30, 31, and 35. Study visits may include behavioral assessments, adherence counseling and assessments, medical history reviews, physical examinations, urine collection, blood collection, pelvic specimen collection, and rectal specimen collection (optional).
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||48 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Official Title:||Phase 1 Safety and Pharmacokinetics Study of MK-2048/Vicriviroc (MK-4176)/MK-2048A Intravaginal Rings|
|Study Start Date :||May 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 2016|
Experimental: Vicriviroc (MK-4176) Intravaginal Ring (IVR)
The vicriviroc (MK-4176) IVR will be inserted during the enrollment visit (Day 0), and it will be removed on Day 28.
Device: Vicriviroc (MK-4176) Intravaginal Ring (IVR)
Contains 182 mg vicriviroc (MK-4176).
Experimental: MK-2048 IVR
The MK-2048 IVR will be inserted during the enrollment visit (Day 0), and it will be removed on Day 28.
Device: MK-2048 IVR
Contains 30 mg MK-2048.
Experimental: MK-2048A IVR
The MK-2048A IVR will be inserted during the enrollment visit (Day 0), and it will be removed on Day 28.
Device: MK-2048A IVR
Contains 182 mg vicriviroc (MK-4176) and 30 mg MK-2048.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo IVR
The placebo IVR will be inserted during the enrollment visit (Day 0), and it will be removed on Day 28.
Device: Placebo IVR
- Proportion of women in each of the four IVR regimens with genitourinary events Grade 1 or higher judged to be related to study product [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 35 ]As defined by the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, Dec 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009), Addendum 1, (Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies)
- Proportion of women in each of the four IVR regimens with adverse events Grade 2 or higher [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 35 ]As defined by the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, Dec 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009)
- Measurement of local and systemic concentrations of vicriviroc (MK-4176) [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 35 ]In plasma, vaginal fluids, and cervical tissue during and after 28 days of continuous use of an IVR containing 182 mg vicriviroc (MK-4176), or 30 mg MK-2048, or 182 mg vicriviroc (MK-4176) + 30 mg MK-2048 (MK-2048A)
- Measurement of local and systemic concentrations of MK-2048 [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 35 ]In plasma, vaginal fluids, and cervical tissue during and after 28 days of continuous use of an IVR containing 182 mg vicriviroc (MK-4176), or 30 mg MK-2048, or 182 mg vicriviroc (MK-4176) + 30 mg MK-2048 (MK-2048A)
- Participant report of acceptability [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 35 ]Including genitourinary and emotional (dis)comfort, awareness/feeling during daily activities, ring insertion/removal issues, and willingness to use in the future
- Participant report of frequency of study IVR removal/expulsion and duration without IVR inserted in vagina [ Time Frame: Measured through Day 35 ]
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 45 Years (Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Female|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||Yes|
- Born female. Note: Participants who were female at birth, who now identify as male, will not be excluded so long as they are not on female-to-male transition therapy.
- Age 18 through 45 years (inclusive) at Screening, verified per site SOPs
- Able and willing to provide written informed consent to be screened for and take part in this study (MTN-027)
- Able and willing to provide adequate locator information, as defined by the site SOPs
- HIV-uninfected, based on testing performed by study staff at Screening and Enrollment (per applicable algorithm in Appendix II of the protocol) and willing to receive results
- In general good health at Screening and Enrollment, as determined by the site Investigator of Record (IoR) or designee
- At Screening, participant states willingness to abstain from receptive sexual activity (including penile-vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, receptive oral intercourse, finger stimulation, and the use of sex toys) for the 5 days prior to the Enrollment Visit and for the duration of study participation
- Per participant report, using an effective method of contraception at Enrollment, and intending to continue the use of an effective method for the duration of study participation. Effective methods for MTN-027 include: hormonal methods (except contraceptive IVRs), intrauterine device (IUD) inserted at least 28 days prior to enrollment, engages in sex exclusively with women, sterilized (self or partner), and/or sexually abstinent for the past 90 days.
- Women over the age of 21 (inclusive) must have documentation of a satisfactory Pap within the past 3 years prior to Enrollment consistent with Grade 0 according to the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies Addendum 1 to the DAIDS Table for Grading Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, December 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009), or satisfactory evaluation with no treatment required of Grade 1 or higher Pap result
- Per participant report at Screening and Enrollment, agrees not to participate in other research studies involving drugs, medical devices, or vaginal products for the duration of study participation
- Per participant report at Screening, regular menstrual cycles with at least 21 days between menses. Note: This criterion is not applicable to participants who report using a progestin-only method of contraception at Screening, e.g., Depo-Provera or levonorgestrel-releasing IUD nor to participants using continuous combination oral contraceptive pills, as the absence of regular menstrual cycles is an expected, normal consequence in this context.
- At Screening, participant states a willingness to refrain from inserting any non-study vaginal products or objects into the vagina, including, but not limited to, spermicides, female condoms, diaphragms, contraceptive IVRs, vaginal medications, menstrual cups, cervical caps (or any other vaginal barrier method), douches, lubricants, sex toys (vibrators, dildos, etc.) for the 5 days prior to Enrollment and for the duration of their study participation
Participant report of any of the following at Screening and/or Enrollment:
- History of adverse reactions to any of the components of the study products
- Non-therapeutic injection drug use in the 12 months prior to Screening and Enrollment
- Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for HIV exposure within 6 months prior to Enrollment
- Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention within the 6 months prior to Enrollment
- Regular use and/or anticipated regular use during the period of study participation of CYP3A inducer(s) and/or inhibitor(s)
- Use and/or anticipated use during the period of study participation of female-to-male transition therapy
- Chronic and/or recurrent candidiasis
- Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and/or syphilis diagnosis in the 6 months prior to Enrollment
- Last pregnancy outcome 90 days or less prior to Screening
- Currently breastfeeding
- Has had a hysterectomy
- Intends to become pregnant within the next 3 months
- Has plans to relocate away from the study site area in the next 3 months
- Current sexual partner is known to be HIV-positive
- Reports participating in any other research study involving drugs, medical devices, or vaginal products within 60 days or less prior to enrollment
- At Screening or Enrollment, as determined by the IoR/designee, any significant uncontrolled active or chronic cardiovascular, renal, liver, hematologic, neurologic, gastrointestinal, psychiatric, endocrine, respiratory, immunologic disorder or infectious disease
Has any of the following laboratory abnormalities at Screening:
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine transaminase (ALT) Grade 1 or higher
- Calculated creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula, where creatinine clearance (female) in mL/min = (140 - age in years) x (weight in kg) x (0.85)/72 x (creatinine in mg/dL)
- Hemoglobin Grade 1 or higher
- Platelet count Grade 1 or higher
- White blood count Grade 2 or higher
- Positive HBsAg test result
- Positive anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) test result
- International normalized ratio (INR) greater than 1.5 × the site laboratory upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Note: Otherwise eligible participants with an exclusionary test result (other than HIV, hepatitis B virus [HBV], or HCV) can be re-tested during the screening process. If a participant is re-tested and a non-exclusionary result is documented within 45 days of providing informed consent for screening, the participant may be enrolled.
- Pregnant at either Screening or Enrollment. Note: A documented negative pregnancy test performed by study staff is required for inclusion; however a self-reported pregnancy is adequate for exclusion from screening/enrollment into the study.
- Diagnosed with urinary tract infection (UTI) at Screening or Enrollment. Note: Otherwise eligible participants diagnosed with UTI during screening will be offered treatment. If within the 45 day screening window treatment is complete and symptoms have resolved the participant may be enrolled.
- Diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease, reproductive tract infection (RTI) or a sexually transmitted infection (STI) requiring treatment per current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines (http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/) at Screening or Enrollment. Note: With the exception of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and/or syphilis, otherwise eligible participants diagnosed with a RTI during screening will be offered treatment. If within the 45 day screening window treatment is complete and symptoms have resolved the participant may be enrolled.
- At Enrollment, has a clinically apparent Grade 1 or higher pelvic exam finding (observed by study clinician or designee) per the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, December 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009), Addendum 1, Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies. Note: Cervical friability bleeding associated with speculum insertion and/or specimen collection judged to be within the range of normal according to the clinical judgment of the IoR/designee is considered expected non-menstrual bleeding and is not exclusionary.
- At Screening, severe pelvic relaxation such that either the vaginal walls or the uterine cervix descend beyond the vaginal introitus with valsalva maneuver or has pelvic anatomy that compromises the ability to adequately assess vaginal safety
- Has any other condition that, in the opinion of the IoR/designee, would preclude informed consent, make study participation unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving study objectives
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02356302
|United States, Alabama|
|Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh CRS|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Study Chair:||Craig Hoesley, MD||University of Alabama at Birmingham|
|Responsible Party:||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
12014 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS-ES Registry Number )
|First Posted:||February 5, 2015 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||October 25, 2021|
|Last Verified:||March 2016|
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
RNA Virus Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases