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Phase II Study of Combined Temozolomide and SGT-53 for Treatment of Recurrent Glioblastoma

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified September 2017 by SynerGene Therapeutics, Inc.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02340156
First Posted: January 16, 2015
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SynerGene Therapeutics, Inc.
  Purpose
This Phase II clinical trial is an open label, single arm, multicenter study of the combination of intravenously administered SGT-53 and oral temozolomide in patients with confirmed glioblastoma who have proven tumor recurrence or progression. The objective of this trial is to assess 6 month progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), anti-tumor activity, safety and possibly to evaluate, nanoparticle delivery to tumor site, and the induction of apoptosis in the tumor..

Condition Intervention Phase
RECURRENT GLIOBLASTOMA Genetic: SGT-53 Drug: Temozolomide Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Combined Temozolomide and Targeted P53 Gene Therapy (SGT-53) for Treatment of Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by SynerGene Therapeutics, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Tumor response [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The 6 month progression-free survival (PFS) will be evaluated using RANO Response Criteria.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Study drug initiation through 30 days after the last dose of study drug or EOS, whichever is later. ]
    The safety of the combination of SGT-53 and Temozolomide will be assessed by analysis of adverse experiences, clinical laboratory tests and physical examinations.

  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From date of registration until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 12 months. ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time from the date of enrollment to the date of disease progression, or death (any cause) on or prior to the clinical cutoff date, whichever occurs earlier. Subjects who do not have disease progression or have not died will be censored at the date of the last tumor assessment on or prior to the clinical cutoff.

  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From date of registration until the date of death from any cause, assessed up to 180 months. ]
    Overall survival is defined as the time from the date of enrollment to the date of death from all causes.

  • Anti-tumor Activity [ Time Frame: From date of registration until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 12 months. ]
    The anti-tumor activity of the combination of SGT-53 and Temozolomide will be determined based upon the RANO criteria.

  • Induction of apoptosis [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    Flow cytometry or histological examination will be used to determine the level of apoptosis induced by SGT-53 in tumors resected 3 days after the first SGT-53 infusion (optional procedure)

  • Nanoparticle tumor delivery [ Time Frame: 3 days ]
    As an indicator of nanoparticle delivery to the tumors, DNA PCR will be used to determine the presence of SGT-53 delivered exogenous wt p53 in the tumors. This analysis will be performed on any tumors resected 3 days after the first SGT-53 infusion (optional procedure)


Estimated Enrollment: 26
Study Start Date: December 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: SGT-53 with Temozolomide
SGT-53, at 3.6 mg DNA/infusion, will be administered twice weekly in a 28 day cycle starting on Day 1 (cycle 1), Day 29 (cycle 2) and Day 57 (cycle 3). Temozolomide (TMZ) will be administered by mouth daily on days 9-13 of each cycle. Patients who are responding to treatment may receive three additional cycles of SGT-53/TMZ therapy or continue on TMZ alone at investigator's discretion. Surgical resection of recurrent or progressive tumor for tumor analysis is an optional procedure. In these individuals SGT-53, at 3.6 mg DNA/infusion, will be administered twice (on days -1 and -3) in the week prior to surgery. Surgical resection is Day 0. 14-21 days post operatively and having recovered from the effects of surgery, the patients will then start cyclical TMZ with SGT-53 as described above.
Genetic: SGT-53
SGT-53, at 3.6 mg DNA per infusion, will be administered twice per week for 3 weeks (on Day 1, 4, 8, 11, 15 and 18 of each cycle) for 3 cycles. If SGT-53-related toxicity occurs, the dose of SGT-53 will be de-escalated to 2.4 or 1.2 mg DNA/infusion when appropriate.
Drug: Temozolomide
TMZ will be administered orally on days 9-13 of each cycle. In cycle 1, the dose of TMZ will be 150 mg/m². If the TMZ-related toxicities are tolerated in cycle 1, the dose of TMZ will be escalated to 200 mg/m² for cycle 2 and beyond. If TMZ-related toxicity occurs, the dose if TMZ will be de-escalated to 125 mg/m² (dose level -1), 100 mg/m² (dose level -2) or 75 mg/m² (dose level -3) when appropriate.
Other Name: Temodar

Detailed Description:
The p53 is a vital human tumor suppressor gene. Loss of p53 suppressor function is present in the majority of human cancers. The p53 protein has a diverse range of functions including regulation of cell cycle checkpoints, cell death (apoptosis), senescence, DNA repair, maintenance of genomic integrity, and control of angiogenesis. Abnormalities of the p53 gene may impact the efficacy of standard anticancer treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy. P53 mutation and pathway dysfunction are associated with poor clinical outcomes and the presence of the p53 mutation correlates with resistance to chemotherapy and radiation. The development of somatic gene therapy has created the potential to restore wild type function of p53. SGT-53 is a complex of cationic liposome encapsulating a normal human wild type p53 DNA sequence in a plasmid backbone. This complex has been shown to efficiently and specifically deliver the p53 cDNA to the tumor cells and to cross the blood-brain barrier. Introduction of the p53 cDNA sequence is expected to restore wtp53 function in the apoptotic pathway. P53 restoration has been shown most effective in enhancing cytotoxicity in combination with an agent which results in DNA damage or initiates apoptosis. The primary mechanism of resistance to current standard chemotherapeutic agent Temozolomide (TMZ) is overexpression of O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyl transferase (MGMT), which repairs the TMZ-induced DNA lesion by removing the o6-guanine adducts. Thus, a means to down modulate MGMT activity would enhance the therapeutic effect of TMZ. A number of reports have indicated that increasing wtp53 expression can down-regulate expression of DNA repair genes such as MGMT and increases the sensitivity of tumor cells to alkylating agents. This is a Phase II clinical trial of the tumor-targeted SGT-53 nanocomplex in combination with chemotherapeutic agent, temozolomide which is the standard of care for Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) brain tumors. We propose to test the combination of SGT-53 and standard temozolomide to determine efficacy and safety in patients with confirmed glioblastoma who have proven tumor recurrence or progression.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed glioblastoma or gliosarcoma in 1st, 2nd or 3rd relapse.
  • Radiographic demonstration of disease progression following prior therapy
  • Measurable disease on MRI performed within 14 days prior to registration.
  • Male or female patients ≥ 18 years of age.
  • Recurrent disease with an:

    • interval of ≥ 3 months following radiotherapy + TMZ;
    • interval of ≥ 14 days between end of surgery and start of protocol therapy for patients who have undergone surgery for recurrent disease.
  • Patients who tolerated previous administration with TMZ
  • Recovery from the effects of prior therapy:

    • 4 weeks from cytotoxic agents
    • 6 weeks from nitrosoureas
    • 4 weeks from any investigational agent
    • 1 week from non-cytotoxic agents
    • 12 weeks from radiotherapy
  • Karnofsky performance status ≥ 60%.
  • Complete blood count/differential at screening with adequate bone marrow function
  • If patient is receiving steroids, must be on stable or decreasing steroid dose within 5 days prior to treatment initiation with SGT-53.
  • Patients must be willing to forego other cytotoxic and non-cytotoxic drug or radiation therapy against the tumor while enrolled in the study.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum beta-HCG pregnancy test documented within 3 days prior to study initiation.
  • Women of childbearing potential must agree to use two reliable methods of contraception from screening and up to 30 days after discontinuation of study treatment
  • Males not naturally or surgically sterile, who have a female partner of childbearing potential, must agree to use two reliable methods of contraception from screening and up to 30 days after discontinuation of study treatment
  • Acceptable liver function
  • Acceptable blood sugar control
  • Urinalysis: No clinically significant abnormalities.
  • PT and PTT ≤ 1.5 X ULN
  • Have recovered from any previous therapy side effects or toxicities
  • Organ function characterized by ≤ Grade 1

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Histology other than astrocytoma grade IV
  • Tumor foci detected below the tentorium or beyond the cranial vault.
  • Glioblastoma or gliosarcoma disease with leptomeningeal spread.
  • Patients with a history of any other cancer, unless in complete remission, and off all therapy for that disease for a minimum of 5 years
  • Patients with serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase > 2.5 X the upper limit of normal (ULN) and bilirubin >1.5 ULN
  • Moderate to severe hepatic impairment.
  • Positive results from HIV serology testing, if any available.
  • Supine systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg or supine diastolic blood pressure < 50 mmHg at screening and baseline
  • Renal insufficiency or serum creatinine >1.5 X ULN at screening.
  • Females who are pregnant or lactating or plan to become pregnant during the course of this study.
  • Substance or alcohol abuse or dependence, within 12 months prior to screening.
  • Prior chemotherapy for recurrent GBM with nitrosourea compounds including Gliadel® wafers or bevacizumab.
  • Prior focal radiotherapy within 3 months of screening.
  • Planned treatment, or treatment with any investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to screening.
  • Severe, active co-morbidity
  • Patients who are currently taking Coumadin or Coumadin derivatives other than to maintain patency of venous access lines.
  • Requiring renal dialysis
  • Receiving hematopoietic growth factors
  • Have significant baseline neuropathies
  • Had prior exposure to gene vector delivery products within 6 months
  • Any condition that prevents compliance with the protocol or adherence to therapy.
  • Active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, requiring systemic therapy.
  • Treated with antibiotics for infection within one week prior to study entry.
  • Fever (> 38.1°C)
  • Have diastolic blood pressure of > 90 mm Hg resting at baseline despite medication.
  • Serious nonmalignant disease
  • Enrollment in a concomitant clinical study
  • Have a history of hypersensitivity reaction to any of the components of Temozolomide
  • Have a history of hypersensitivity to dacarbazine (DTIC)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02340156


Contacts
Contact: Kathy Hunter 713-745-5769 kuhunter@mdanderson.org
Contact: Winnie Wu 713-794-1286 wcwu@mdanderson.org

Locations
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Kathy Hunter    713-745-5769    kuhunter@mdanderson.org   
Taiwan
China Medical University Hospital Recruiting
Taichung, Taiwan, 40447
Contact: Sophia Lin    886-937-722118    tinghsun3@gmail.com   
Contact: Ya-Hui Lin    886-978-523673    yahuilin02@gmail.com   
Principal Investigator: Der-Yang Cho, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
SynerGene Therapeutics, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John deGroot, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: SynerGene Therapeutics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02340156     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SGT53-02-2
First Submitted: December 18, 2014
First Posted: January 16, 2015
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioblastoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Temozolomide
Dacarbazine
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents