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Functional Electrical Stimulation in Chronic Kidney Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02336776
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2015 by Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2015
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2015
Irmandade Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre

Brief Summary:

Chronic kidney disease is a renal injury and progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function and in its most advanced stage is called chronic renal failure.

Although hemodialysis replace some kidney function, patients suffer some alterations characterized by "uremic syndrome" typically expressed by: motor neuropathy and/or autonomic neuropathy, cardiac or musculoskeletal myopathies, peripheral vascular changes, among others. Thereby, the the adoption of physical exercise should be encouraged. However, it is known that the ability to exercise the subject in hemodialysis is low and keeping in mind the weakness of the muscular system in these individuals, the aim of this study is to assess the effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on muscle architecture of patients with chronic kidney disease hemodialysis.

For this the following assessments will be performed before and after stimulation: ultrasonography to assess muscle architecture; six-minute walk test to functional capacity; Kidney Disease and Quality of Life - Short Form questionnaire for quality of life; sit and stand test for resistance of the lower limbs; dynamometric by load cell for muscle strength of the lower limbs; flow-mediated dilatation to endothelial function; blood collection for analysis of inflammatory markers and DNA damage.

The subjects will be randomized into two groups, FESG (functional electrical stimulation group) and CG (control group). The first will receive the FES in the quadriceps muscle of both thighs, for eight weeks, three times a week during hemodialysis session. While the control group only will be evaluated and re-evaluated.

Expected results at the end of the protocol with FES are: increased quadriceps muscle thickness; longest distance covered on the six-minute walk test; improved quality of life; increase in resistance of the lower limbs; increased muscle strength of the lower limbs; improved endothelial function; improved inflammatory status and DNA damage.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Kidney Disease Other: Functional electrical stimulation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The research will be developed in the hemodialysis unit of the Santa Clara hospital of Santa Casa de Misericordia de Porto Alegre.

After the selection of patients for eligibility criteria they will be randomized into functional electrical stimulation group or control group. First all patients will be evaluated, and subsequently the patients in the functional electrical stimulation group will be trained three times per week for eight weeks using an electric current called functional electrical stimulation through the stimulator device NEURODYN II, IBRAMED mark, Amparo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

The sessions took place in the first hour of dialysis and will last at least 20 and maximum of 34 minutes. The parameters selected in the stimulator will be: 80 Hz frequency, 0.4 ms pulse, 10 s time on, 50-20s time off, intensity as patient tolerance. The patient will be positioned supine, the knees will be at 60° flexion through a foam wedge and ankles restrained by a band to make isometric exercise.

Furthermore, the electrodes used to perform the electrical stimulation will adhesive, disposable and hypoallergenic. These will be placed over the motor points of the quadriceps muscle of both legs in order to make the most effective contraction.

At the end of follow-up, both groups will be further evaluated in order to compare.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Muscle Architecture of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: Randomized Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : May 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Kidney Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Functional electrical stimulation group
Functional electrical stimulation: 80 Hz frequency, 0.4 ms pulse, 10 s time on, 50-20s time off, intensity as patient tolerance, total session time ranged from 20 to 34 minutes.
Other: Functional electrical stimulation

Functional electrical stimulation will be applied through self adhesive electrodes on the quadriceps muscle of both thighs, and these will be positioned at 60° of flexion and contained by a band for that exercise happen isometric form.

Parameter settings in the electrical stimulator are as follows: 80 Hz frequency, 0.4 ms pulse, 10 s time on, 50-20 s time off, intensity according to the patient's tolerance but enough to cause visible muscle contraction. The total time of each session starts at twenty minutes and is increased every week a total thirty-four minutes at the end of the eighth week. Intervention will be held three times a week for eight weeks and during hemodialysis session.

Other Name: FES

No Intervention: Control group
The patients in this group were evaluated at baseline and reassessed after eight weeks of follow-up.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Functional capacity [ Time Frame: Eight weeks ]
    Functional capacity will be assessed by the distance walked in six-minute walk test (6MWT).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Muscle architecture [ Time Frame: Eight weeks ]
    Assessment of muscle architecture will take place with the acquisition of ultrasound images of the medialis and lateralis vastus and rectus femorals through an ultrasound device (Vivid-i, GE, USA). After, the thickness of the muscles will be undertaken in the software ImageJ.

  2. Muscle strength of the lower limbs [ Time Frame: Four and eight weeks ]
    Muscle strength will be evaluated by dynamometry by a load cell.

  3. Endurance of the lower limbs [ Time Frame: Four and eight weeks ]
    The endurance of the lower limbs will be assessed by the number of repetitions performed in sit-and-stand test (STST).

  4. Endothelial function [ Time Frame: Eight weeks ]
    Will be used a high-resolution ultrasound machine (Vivid-i, GE, USA) for evaluation of non-invasive blood endothelial function. Endothelial function will be assessed by flow mediated dilation technique.

  5. Inflammatory profile [ Time Frame: Four and eight weeks ]
    The inflammatory profile will be assessed through blood collection and analysis of biochemical and immunological markers such as interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor, creatine kinase, lactate and C-reactive protein.

  6. DNA damage [ Time Frame: Four and eight weeks ]
    The damage to DNA is analyzed by electrophoresis single (comet technique), where cells are counted by microscopy.

  7. Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Eight weeks ]
    The quality of life will be assessed by questionnaire Kidney Disease and Quality-of-Life Short-Form (KDQOL-SFTM).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis for more than 3 months;
  • Clearance of urea during hemodialysis (Kt/V ≥ 1.2).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cognitive impairment that prevents conducting evaluations, as well as inability to understand and sign the informed consent form;
  • Epidermal lesions at the site of application and/or intolerance stimulator and/or skin sensitivity change;
  • Patients with recent sequel of stroke;
  • Disabling musculoskeletal disease;
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (Systolic blood pressure > 230 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure > 120 mmHg);
  • Grade IV heart failure (NYHA) or decompensated;
  • Uncontrolled diabetes (blood glucose > 300 mg/dL);
  • Unstable angina;
  • Fever and/or infectious disease;
  • Recent acute myocardial infarction (two months);
  • Active smokers; Peripheral vascular disease in the lower limbs as deep vein thrombosis or obliterates thromboangiitis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02336776

Sponsors and Collaborators
Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre
Irmandade Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
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Principal Investigator: Rodrigo DM Plentz, PhD Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre

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Responsible Party: Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, PhD, Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre Identifier: NCT02336776     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FESCKD
First Posted: January 13, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2015
Last Verified: January 2015

Keywords provided by Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz, Federal University of Health Science of Porto Alegre:
Chronic Kidney Disease
Electrical Stimulation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency