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Safety Skills Training: Parents of School-Aged Children (SAS_2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02329340
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 31, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 31, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susan Schroeder, Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.

Brief Summary:
Injuries are the leading cause of death and disability in children in America. Most injuries can be prevented when parents implement effective child safety practices. This project will create a behaviorally based program to teach parents what to do to prevent injuries to their school aged child, in an effort to reduce the number of injuries, hospitalizations, medical costs, and missed work days.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Injuries Behavioral: Am Academy of Pediatrics print materials Behavioral: Family safety 1-2-3 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This project will produce a comprehensive, interactive multimedia (IMM) program to teach childhood injury prevention skills to parents of children 6 through 11 years of age. This is one of a four-part series of funded programs to address injury prevention issues for three age groups of children (birth through 24 months, 2-5 years of age and 6-11 years of age). The program will be created in three formats: Internet/intranet, CD-ROM, and linear video (DVD) suitable for use in homes, worksites, medical settings, service agencies, and health information Web sites. On-screen narrators will guide the user through program material comprised of short video presentations, modeling vignettes demonstrating desired behaviors, supportive testimonials, and suggestions for modifications to home and recreational environments.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 175 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Safety Skills Training: Parents of School-Aged Children
Study Start Date : September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Am Academy of Pediatrics print materials
In-person session to read online version of American Academy of Pediatrics The Injury Prevention Program (TIPP sheets) childhood injury prevention print materials, followed by access to the TIPP sheets for 30 days.
Behavioral: Am Academy of Pediatrics print materials
Print materials of injury prevention content.
Other Name: The Injury Prevention Program; tip sheets

Experimental: Family Safety 1-2-3
In-person session to view video and text-based interactive web site on injury prevention information and strategies, followed by 8 emails delivered over a 30-day period inviting participant to view additional child safety videos.
Behavioral: Family safety 1-2-3
Theoretically based school-aged childhood injury prevention videos for families




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Behavioral measure: identification of correct/incorrect car booster safety seat, seat belt, and bicycle helmet placement [ Time Frame: Immediate posttest and 30-day follow-up ]
    Parents viewed 2 car seat installations and were asked whether 7 car booster safety seat situations (e.g., age of the child for the seat) and 7 seat belt installations (e.g., placement of the seat belt) were correct or incorrect. Parents also viewed a bicycle helmet on a dummy and were asked to identify whether 2 helmet situations were correct or incorrect.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Knowledge of injury prevention strategies [ Time Frame: immediate posttest and 30-day follow-up ]
    An injury prevention knowledge scale was created across all content areas. The injury prevention knowledge scale contained 39 items (e.g., "To prevent scald injuries, hot water heaters should be set to …") for all age groups. The injury prevention knowledge scale represented the percent of items correctly endorsed.

  2. Attitudes and beliefs about injury prevention strategies [ Time Frame: immediate posttest and 30-day follow-up ]
    An injury prevention attitudes & beliefs scale was created across all content areas (e.g., "A family emergency plan is extremely important strategy to keep your family safe in case of a fire."). Twenty-five items assessed attitudes & beliefs for the 6-9 year age group and 24-items the 10-11 age group (alpha = .81 for both younger and older children). All items were assessed using a 5-point Likert scale with 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree.

  3. Self-efficacy for engaging in injury prevention strategies [ Time Frame: immediate posttest and 30-day follow-up ]
    An injury prevention self-efficacy scale was created from 29 items across all content areas for all age groups (e.g., "How confident are you that you know how to test the temperature of your water heater?") (alpha = .91 for all age groups) All items were assessed using a 5-point Likert scale with 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The basic lower age limit for parents or guardians of children aged 6-11 for this study was 18. Parents or legal guardians could potentially be as old as 65 or older.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Only English-speaking participants were accepted because the program was developed only for English speakers. All English-speaking parents or guardians living in the U.S., with children aged 6-11 years old, who wished to participate were included. Parents under 18 were excluded from this online study because parental consent cannot be obtained online.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02329340


Locations
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United States, Oregon
Oregon Center for Applied Science
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97401
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lynne H Grilley Swartz, MPH, CHES Oregon Center for Applied Science
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Responsible Party: Susan Schroeder, Research Scientist, Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02329340    
Other Study ID Numbers: SBIR76R-2
R44HD048005 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 31, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 31, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014
Keywords provided by Susan Schroeder, Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc.:
child safety
injury
prevention
computer
internet