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Music Therapy in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02314195
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shahrzad Shirani, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht

Brief Summary:
Previous studies have highlighted the potential therapeutic benefits of receptive individual music therapy as an adjunct to standard care, in a variety of psychiatric ailments including mood and anxiety disorders. However, the role of music in the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder have not been investigated to date. The present study therefore aimed to investigate the efficacy of music therapy as an adjunct to standard treatment, on obsessions in patients with treatment-naïve OCD. Moreover, given the fact that a significant proportion of patients with OCD have other comorbid mood or anxiety disorders, the question of whether therapeutic benefits of music could be expanded to also affect concurrent depressive and anxiety symptoms was explored.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Anxiety Depression Drug: Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Other: Music therapy Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Clinical Trial of Music Therapy as an Adjunct to Standard Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Co-morbid Anxiety and Depression in Iran
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Serotonin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard treatment + music therapy
Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor plus cognitive behavioral therapy. Music therapy encompassing 12 half-hour sessions of therapist-supervised receptive music therapy scheduled over four weeks
Drug: Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor
A medication of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) family, Behavioral. The type and dosage of the medication was decided by the treating psychiatrist.
Other Name: Pharmacotherapy

Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder carried out by a psychologist.
Other Name: Psychotherapy

Other: Music therapy
12 sessions of 30-minute individual-based receptive music therapy, supervised by the treating psychiatrist.
Other Name: Receptive music therapy

Active Comparator: Standard treatment only
Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor plus cognitive behavioral therapy.
Drug: Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor
A medication of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) family, Behavioral. The type and dosage of the medication was decided by the treating psychiatrist.
Other Name: Pharmacotherapy

Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder carried out by a psychologist.
Other Name: Psychotherapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Obsession (Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory) [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Post-intervention scores on Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Obsession subtype (Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory sub-types) [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Post-intervention scores on Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory sub-types

  2. Anxiety symptoms (Beck Anxiety Inventory) [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Post-intervention scores on Beck Anxiety Inventory

  3. Depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory - Short Form) [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Post-intervention scores on Beck Depression Inventory - Short Form



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • were at least 18 years or older;
  • had axis I diagnosis of OCD according to the criteria delineated by the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders - fourth edition diagnosed by an experienced psychiatrist
  • had not received treatment previously for the disorder
  • agreed to partake in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • refused to partake in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02314195


Locations
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Iran, Islamic Republic of
Shariati Hospital
Esfahan, Iran, Islamic Republic of, 56465201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht

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Responsible Party: Shahrzad Shirani, Shahrzad Shirani Bidabadi, M.S.c, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02314195     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2172719
First Posted: December 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014

Keywords provided by Shahrzad Shirani, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht:
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Music Therapy/methods
Combined Modality Therapy
Anxiety Disorders/therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Compulsive Personality Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Pathologic Processes
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Personality Disorders
Serotonin
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators