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Efficacy and Safety of Concurrent TACE and Sorafenib in Patients With HCC and Extrahepatic Metastasis (COTSOM Study) (COTSOM)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02311205
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified December 2017 by Kang Mo Kim, Asan Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 8, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bayer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kang Mo Kim, Asan Medical Center

Brief Summary:

This study is a phase II, prospective, open-label, single arm, single center study of the efficacy and safety of concurrent conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and sorafenib in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and extrahepatic metastasis. All of the 55 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and newly diagnosed extrahepatic (lung, bone, lymph node, adrenal gland) metastasis will be included.

On demand conventional TACE will be performed in all the patients after enrollment and can be continued until intrahepatic CR, TACE failure or consent withdrawal. Sorafenib will be started 3-7 days after the first and each subsequent TACE and stopped one day before next TACE and will be continued until sorafenib failure, consent withdrawal or condition worsening by clinical decision. Repeated on-demand TACE and sorafenib should continue until the criteria for treatment discontinuation are met. After initiation of sorafenib combination treatment, patients will be seen and will perform routine examination at week 4 and, after then routine examination will be followed every 6 ± 2 weeks.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Metastasis Procedure: Conventional Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) Drug: sorafenib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a single center, single arm, prospective, phase II study in patients with metastatic HCC. A total of 55 patients with HCC and newly diagnosed extrahepatic (lung, bone, lymph node, adrenal gland) metastasis will be enrolled.

On demand conventional TACE will be performed in all the patients after enrollment and can be continued until intrahepatic CR, TACE failure or consent withdrawal. Safety will be evaluated every 6 ± 2 weeks after initial TACE and closed monitoring at unscheduled visit will be done as well. The efficacy of TACE will be evaluated every 6 ± 2 weeks after each session of TACE using dynamic CT or MRI. Performance of repeated TACE will be decided based on the findings of follow-up CT, patients' liver function and performance status, within 6 ± 2 weeks of the previous TACE. Patients with no residual viable tumors after previous TACE who are not indicated for further TACE are evaluated with routine examination and imaging studies every 6 ± 2 weeks. Safety should be evaluated on an ongoing basis and within 3 days of next TACE. All eligible patients will be given sorafenib (initially 400mg po bid) on day 3-7 after the first or every session of TACE, and sorafenib will be stopped one day before each TACE. Sorafenib will be continued until sorafenib failure, consent withdrawal or condition worsening by clinical decision. Treatment failure will be judged by the evaluation of intra- or extrahepatic lesion separately. TACE failure is defined as when TACE/transarterial chemo-lipiodolization (TACL) has no more benefit by clinical assessment which is judged clinically by one investigator and/or the patient is not more eligible because of worsening of ECOG PS or liver function. Detailed criteria for stopping TACE will be clarified in below. Sorafenib failure will be evaluated by modified RECIST applied to the extrahepatic lesion, and sorafenib will be stopped when progressive disease (PD) by mRECIST for extrahepatic lesion is indicated and clinical benefit of TACE is not expected for intrahepatic lesion. As long as TACE is evaluated to be beneficial and planned to be performed by investigator, sorafenib could be continued if side effect is tolerable.

When any of the treatment discontinuation criteria is met, test treatment will be stopped. Survival and post-treatment information will be collected at 1-3 months intervals after the last study visit until the endpoint of death, or until the subject has become lost to follow-up or until study termination by Principal Investigator. Additional palliative anti-cancer therapies such as cytotoxic chemotherapy and TACL without gelfoam embolization and palliative radiation therapy will be allowed and recorded.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 55 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Prospective, Open-label, Single Arm Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Concurrent Conventional TACE and Sorafenib in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Extrahepatic Metastasis (COTSOM Study)
Study Start Date : December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Sorafenib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TACE+sorafenib
Concurrent Conventional Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) and Sorafenib
Procedure: Conventional Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE)
On demand conventional TACE will be performed in all the patients after enrollment and can be continued until intrahepatic CR, TACE failure or consent withdrawal. Sorafenib will be started 3-7 days after the first and each subsequent TACE and stopped one day before next TACE and will be continued until sorafenib failure, consent withdrawal or condition worsening by clinical decision.

Drug: sorafenib
Sorafenib will be started 3-7 days after the first and each subsequent TACE and stopped one day before next TACE and will be continued until sorafenib failure, consent withdrawal or condition worsening by clinical decision.
Other Name: nexavar




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
    Overall survival (OS) from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety (adverse events and laboratory values) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
    adverse events and laboratory values

  2. Liver dysfunction (laboratory values related to liver) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
    Liver dysfunction (laboratory values related to liver)

  3. Time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
  4. Time to TACE failure (TTTF) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
  5. Time to sorafenib failure (TTSF) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
  6. Tumor response rate (TRR) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
    defined as the sum of complete response and partial response, overall, intrahepatic or extrahepatic response respectively

  7. Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from the start of first TACE as a part of combination treatment ]
    defined as the sum of complete response, partial response and stable disease, overall, intrahepatic or extrahepatic response respectively. SD will be decided when it last at least more than 4 weeks.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with HCC and newly diagnosed extrahepatic metastasis meeting of following criteria

    1. Clinical or histological diagnosis of HCC based on the guidelines: Early enhancement followed by late wash-out on dynamic liver imaging (CT or MRI) Or Pathological examination of liver biopsy
    2. Evidence of extrahepatic metastasis with any of following methods; CT, MRI, bone scan, positron emission tomography with FDG-PET, biopsy of metastatic lesion
    3. Preserved liver function classified as Child-Pugh A
    4. ECOG PS of 0-1
    5. Age of at least 20 years
    6. Patients is able to comply with scheduled visits, evaluation plan, and other study procedures
    7. Patient is willing to provide written informed consent
    8. There is no limitation of prior TACE session number in case that further TACE is still considered to be beneficial
    9. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within 14 days of the start of treatment. All patients of child-bearing potential must use adequate birth control measures during the course of the trial (barrier method of birth control) and up to at least 30 days of last dose.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of any of following criteria

    1. Patients who are diagnosed as not eligible for further TACE before screening
    2. Patients with advanced liver disease as defined below:

      • Child Pugh B and C
      • Encephalopathy
      • Ascites
    3. Complete occlusion of main portal vein (PV) by HCC
    4. Patients with brain metastasis
    5. Inadequate liver function that could not perform TACE:

      • AST > 5 X ULN(upper limit normal) or ALT > 5 X ULN
      • Total bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dL
      • Prothrombin time INR > 1.7
    6. Inadequate bone marrow function (absolute neutrophil count < 1,500/μL, Hemoglobin (Hgb) < 8 g/dL, platelet count < 50,000/μL)
    7. Inadequate renal function (creatinine > 1.5 x ULN)
    8. Treatment with previous local therapy such as resection of HCC, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) < 4 weeks prior to the screening
    9. Prior sorafenib use
    10. Investigational drugs or other molecular target drugs ongoing or completed < 4 weeks prior to the screening
    11. Clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 4 weeks prior to start of study drug
    12. Uncontrolled bleeding varices.
    13. History of cardiac disease:

      • Congestive heart failure >NYHA class 2
      • Active coronary artery disease (CAD) (myocardial infarction more than 6 months prior to study entry is allowed)
      • Unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest), new-onset angina within 3 months before screening
      • Cardiac arrhythmias which are poorly controlled with anti-arrhythmic therapy or requiring pace maker
      • Uncontrolled hypertension
    14. Active clinically serious infections except for HBV and HCV infection
    15. Patients with HIV
    16. Subjects with thrombotic, embolic, venous, or arterial events, such as cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks) within 6 months before screening
    17. Recently treated or concurrent cancer that has a primary site or histology distinct from HCC except any cancer curatively treated more than 3 years prior to screening
    18. Pregnant or breast-feeding subjects
    19. Major surgery, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury 4 weeks before screening
    20. Presence of a non-healing wound, non-healing ulcer, or bone fracture
    21. Subjects who have used strong CYP3A4 inducers within 4 weeks before screening
    22. Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug classes, or excipients of the formulations given during the course of this trial
    23. Any other condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would make the patient unsuitable for enrollment or could interfere with the completing the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02311205


Locations
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Korea, Republic of
Asan Medical Center
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Sponsors and Collaborators
Asan Medical Center
Bayer
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kang Mo Kim, MD, PhD Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan
Publications:

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Responsible Party: Kang Mo Kim, Professor, Asan Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02311205    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-0902
First Posted: December 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
Keywords provided by Kang Mo Kim, Asan Medical Center:
Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)
Metastasis
Sorafenib
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Sorafenib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action