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A Phase I/II Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of RUT058-60

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02280395
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Company merger resulted in business decision to terminate the study.)
First Posted : October 31, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pulmatrix Inc.

Brief Summary:
This is a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, controlled, multi-center study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of RUT058-60 (Group A) as an intra-cavity lavage compared to sterile saline (Group B) in adult subjects undergoing abdominal surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Postoperative Wound Infection-deep Post Operative Wound Infection Drug: RUT058-60 Drug: Sterile saline for irrigation Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Post-surgical site infections account for approximately 20% of total healthcare-associated infections (HAI), making surgical site infections the most common HAI in US hospitals. Despite the routine use of prophylactic systemic antibiotics and improvements in surgical techniques, surgical site infections continue to be associated with significant morbidity, reduction in quality of life and overall cost following abdominal surgery.

Ruthigen is conducting this Phase I/II clinical study to evaluate the safety and potential efficacy of RUT058-60 in preventing surgical deep incisional and organ space infection in subjects undergoing abdominal surgery as an adjunctive therapy to prophylactic systemic antibiotics.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/II Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of RUT058-60 Lavage Following Abdominal Surgery as an Adjunctive Therapy to Prophylactic Systemic Antibiotics
Study Start Date : October 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: RUT058-60 Drug: RUT058-60
Prior to closure of the abdomen at the end of the surgical repair, each subject will undergo lavage with approximately 900 mL of RUT058-60 administered as two 400 mL intra-abdominal (peritoneal) lavages and one 100 mL lavage above the fascia.

Placebo Comparator: Sterile Saline for Irrigation Drug: Sterile saline for irrigation
Prior to closure of the abdomen, each subject will undergo lavage with approximately 900 mL of sterile saline administered as two 400 mL intra-abdominal (peritoneal) lavages and one 100 mL lavage above the fascia.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability will be determined by nature and incidence of adverse events and clinical laboratory values compared to saline control group. Wound site physical inspection tabulated result compared to saline control group. [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Potential efficacy will be determined by the proportion of subjects who do not develop a surgical deep incisional or organ/space infection by Day 28 post-application compared to the saline control group. [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]
    In each of the two groups, the proportion of subjects who are deep incisional and organ/space infection-free will be estimated, along with a two-sided, 90% exact binomial confidence interval for the true rate in each group.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Exploratory Analysis- Overall length of hospital stay [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]
  2. Exploratory Analysis- Readmission to the hospital within the first 28-days post-operative procedure [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]
  3. Exploratory Analysis- Incisional wound healing time frame [ Time Frame: 28 Days ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to give written informed consent to participate in the study and authorization to release health information
  • Males or females that are at least 2-years post-menopausal or surgically sterile; 18 to 75 years of age at screening
  • Good general health defined as an ASA Physical Status score of moderate or 1 (healthy) or 2 (mild systemic illness), no clinically significant abnormal findings which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would jeopardize the safety of the subject or impact the validity of the study results. Clinical laboratory values ->/+20% outside the normal range may be deemed acceptable
  • Willing and able to follow study instructions and available to complete all study requirements and visits
  • Scheduled to undergo a planned, non-emergent abdominal surgical procedure involving an open incision of ≥7 cm and ≤35 cm in length. Eligible surgeries include, but may not be limited to: left hemicolectomy, right hemicolectomy, transverse colectomy, total abdominal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis, lower anterior surgeries, abdominoperineal resection, Ileostomy closures and HARTMAN take down.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Tumor debulking, contaminated surgeries (e.g., extruded bowel) minimally invasive procedures, Caesarian section and hysterectomy
  • Laparoscopic appendectomy
  • History of allergy or sensitivity to any components of the investigational product
  • Body mass index [BMI] >40
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA) Classification of Physical Status score ≥ 3 (severe systemic illness)
  • Evidence preoperatively, of any of the following: sepsis, severe sepsis, or septic shock, or a history of delayed wound healing
  • Current surgical site infection (superficial, deep incisional or organ/space) secondary to previous laparotomy/ laparoscopy, or from any other cause
  • Receiving any oral or intravenous antibiotics within 1-week prior to Baseline Day 0. Prophylactic antibiotics for dental or other brief procedures are acceptable. Pre-surgical administration of antibiotics is required as part of surgery preparation.
  • Preoperative evaluation suggests intra-abdominal process that might preclude full closure of the skin
  • History of chemotherapy within 4-weeks or radiation therapy within 4-weeks prior to Baseline
  • Terminal illness with life expectancy of less than 6 months from Baseline
  • Current smokers, malnourished subjects, subjects with diabetes or uncontrolled serum glucose
  • History of major organ transplantation, including bone marrow transplantation
  • History of laparotomy within 60-days prior to Baseline
  • Preoperative pain threshold (PT) or international normalized ration (INR) >2 x upper limit of normal
  • Taking the following concomitant medications within 2 weeks prior to Baseline; systemic steroids or other anti-inflammatory/immunosuppressive medication, or have a history of a current immunosuppressive condition or immune deficiency.Anti-inflammatory medications taken pro re nata (PRN) are allowed per institution/ investigator restriction
  • HIV patients or patients with Hepatitis B or C
  • Prosthetic cardiac valve or joint prostheses and any potential for remote body site infection
  • Medically significant cardiac arrhythmia, or prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) interval >450 msec
  • An ATE (MI, cerebrovascular attack [CVA], TIA), venous thromboembolic event [VTE] (e.g., deep vein thrombosis [DVT], PE), within 12 months of Baseline
  • Increased hemorrhage risk (e.g., coagulation disorders)
  • Women of child bearing potential (WOCBP) or females that are pregnant, nursing, or planning a pregnancy during the study
  • Current enrollment in an investigational drug or device study or participation in such a study within the last 30 days prior to Baseline (Day 0)
  • Evidence of active uncontrolled infection or unstable or severe intercurrent medical conditions. All subjects must be afebrile at Baseline (i.e., <38.0° Celsius [C])
  • History of stage IV cancer*, other clinically significant renal, hepatic, neurologic, hematologic, respiratory, psychiatric, cardiovascular, infectious disease, psychological condition or social situation which, in the opinion of the Investigator, puts the subject at significant risk, could confound the study results, or may interfere significantly with the subject's participation in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02280395


Locations
United States, Alabama
University of South Alabama Medical Center
Mobile, Alabama, United States, 36695
United States, California
University of California, San Diego, Thornton Hospital
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037
United States, Texas
BJJS, Corp., Memorial Hermann Memorial Medical Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77024
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22904
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pulmatrix Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Traci Hedrick, MD University of Virginia
Principal Investigator: Timothy I Melson, MD Shoals Medical Trials, Helen Kellar Hospital
Principal Investigator: Harold Minkowitz, MD BJJS Corporation, Memorial Hermann Memorial Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Paul Rider, MD University of South Alabama Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Sonia Ramamoorthy, MD University of California, San Diego
Principal Investigator: AnaMaria Garza, MD PVMDI, Glendale Memorial (Dignity Health)

Responsible Party: Pulmatrix Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02280395     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CP02-117838
First Posted: October 31, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2015
Last Verified: August 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Communicable Diseases
Wounds and Injuries
Wound Infection
Surgical Wound Infection
Surgical Wound
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes