Use of MIBG Scan Images in PVC Ablations (PVC-MIBG)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02279030|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 30, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 5, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Premature Ventricular Contractions||Other: MIBG nuclear scan|
Premature ventricular contractions (PVC) are the most common arrhythmia to be observed in the absence of structural heart disease, and 'frequent' PVCs are estimated to occur in 1-4% of the general population.1 Idiopathic PVCs are usually associated with a benign course from the standpoint of arrhythmic death, but often result in significant symptoms for the patient such as palpitations, dizziness, pre-syncope and rarely syncope. More recently, a new concept of PVC- mediated cardiomyopathy has emerged that is reversible with suppression of the PVCs.2 Both of those patient populations are currently targeted with PVC suppressive therapy which often involves as the first step using medical therapy such as a beta blocker, calcium channel blocker or an antiarrhythmic. If those fail or if the patients wants to avoid medical therapy an ablation to eliminate the abnormal myocardial tissue that is the origin of the PVCs is often performed.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for PVCs has been performed for several decades and has a well-defined safety and effectiveness profile in patients with symptomatic frequent ventricular ectopic beats and PVC-induced cardiomyopathy. Successful PVC suppression ≥80% of RV and LV PVCs has been reported to be as high as ~80% using an ablation approach.9 Studies found improvements in patient symptoms with elimination of PVCs. In LV dysfunction following ablation demonstrated a significant inverse correlation between EF and PVC burden before ablation, and a significant post procedural improvement in ejection fraction (EF) in 82% of patients who had abnormal systolic function before ablation.8 Improvement of the overall LV EF ranged from 13%-23% after PVC ablation.5,8,10
Autonomic innervation of the heart plays a major role in the normal regulation of myocardial function, heart rate, and coronary blood flow. Abnormal sympathetic cardiac innervation has been shown to have prognostic value for different heart diseases, e.g. heart transplant, coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, etc. Importantly, there is a clear association with an increased cardiac morbidity and mortality in heart diseases. Patients with myocardial infarction as well as patients with heart failure exhibit well recognized abnormalities in autonomic tone. PVCs especially in the setting of preserved EF (normal heart patients) have frequently an automatic/triggered mechanism, which is influenced by the cardiac innervation.
Decreased reuptake by impaired myocardial presynaptic nerve terminals results in a buildup of these catecholamines in the synaptic cleft. This leads to a downregulation of postsynaptic beta-adrenergic receptors, with resultant worsening cardiomyopathy and increased arrhythmogenesis.
Cardiac sympathetic innervation can be directly imaged with commonly used nuclear radioisotope, 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-mIBG). As a norepinephrine analogue, 123I-mIBG is similarly released into the synaptic cleft in response to sympathetic input by presynaptic nerve terminals 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) allows visualization of the cardiac innervation, which could provide additional information to understand the origin, prognosis and pathophysiology of PVCs and guide potential ablation procedures.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||20 participants|
|Official Title:||Three Dimensional Neuro-cardiac Imaging Using 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography to Guide Premature Ventricular Contractions Ablations|
|Study Start Date :||June 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2019|
- Other: MIBG nuclear scan
To have scan to help define pathways for PVC ablations.Other Name: PVC ablations
- Utilization of MIBG imaging for PVC ablations [ Time Frame: 2 years ]To determine if MIBG imaging provides decreased PVC ablation time
- Decrease PVC occurrence [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Does MIBG imaging allow for treatment that provides improved outcomes in decreasing PVCs
- Increase in Motility [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Do MIBG follow-ups demonstrate an improvement in cardiac motility
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02279030
|United States, Maryland|
|University of Maryland Medical Center|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201|