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rTMS for PTSD Comorbid With Major Depressive Disorder

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02273063
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 23, 2014
Results First Posted : October 4, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2018
Providence VA Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Butler Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see how well a treatment called "Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation" works for patients who struggle with symptoms of both posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Major Depressive Disorder Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Repetitive Device: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for adults with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). Although standard rTMS uses stimulations delivered to the left prefrontal cortex at 10 pulses per second, prior work has shown that other stimulation frequencies may work for both PTSD and MDD. In this study, we examine the efficacy of left-sided 5Hz in patients with PTSD and MDD, hypothesizing that this lower frequency will improve PTSD and MDD symptoms.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: 5Hz Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Comorbid With Major Depressive Disorder
Study Start Date : October 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 22, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : April 22, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Stimulation at pulse frequency of 5Hz delivered over L DLPFC. Intensity: 120% of Motor Threshold, 5 Sec Train, 14 Sec Inter-Train Interval, Frequency: 5Hz, Total Pulses: 3000/session. Sessions delivered once/day on weekdays for up to 40 sessions.
Device: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
Up to 40 sessions of TMS delivered with the first 35 sessions delivered over 7 weeks, and final 5 treatments delivered in taper schedule over 3 weeks. Treatment is adjunct to ongoing stable pharmacotherapy.
Other Name: Neuronetics' NeuroStar TMS Therapy System

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total Score on PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) [ Time Frame: Baseline to final TMS session (up to 40 sessions over up to 8 weeks) ]
    This self-report scale is called: "PTSD Checklist for DSM-5" (abbreviated PCL-5) (see https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/assessment/adult-sr/ptsd-checklist.asp). Total PCL-5 score ranges from 0 to 80. Analysis of treatment effect on symptom severity will be evaluated by change in PCL-5 total score from baseline (pre-TMS) to endpoint (post-TMS)(or LOCF); Paired t-test compares the mean total PCL-score for the group at the two time points. A higher total score on the PCL-5 scale corresponds with more severe PTSD symptoms than a lower total score. A greater change from baseline to endpoint would correspond with better treatment outcome.

  2. Total Score on Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, Self-Report (IDS-SR) Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline to final TMS session (up to 40 sessions over up to 8 weeks) ]
    This self-report scale is called "Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, Self-Report" (Abbreviated IDS-SR). IDS-SR Total Scores Range from 0 to 84, with a higher score reflecting greater depressive symptom severity. Paired t-test compares the change in mean total IDS-SR score from baseline (pre-TMS) to endpoint (last TMS session) or LOCF. A greater change reflects a better outcome than lesser change.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. To ensure subjects can safely receive rTMS, eligible subjects must meet all established screening criteria for safety during MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), since MRI involves magnetic fields at similar intensity to those emitted from the rTMS treatment coil. These are conservative measures require a patient not having the following (unless MRI-safe): Cardiac pacemaker, implanted device (deep brain stimulation) or metal in the brain, cervical spinal cord, or upper thoracic spinal cord;
  2. Outpatients 18-70 years of age (inclusive)
  3. Meet DSM-IV criteria for MDD (recurrent or single episode chronic) and PTSD (acute or chronic) at the time of the screening and baseline visits;
  4. Have a baseline score of "Moderately Ill" or worse on both the CGI-S and the PGI-S.
  5. Have failed at least one antidepressant medication trial as part of definitive and adequate treatment in the current episode, OR have demonstrated intolerance to at least one antidepressant medication as part of attempted treatment in the current episode of illness (i.e., meet FDA labeling requirements for administration of rTMS for depression);
  6. Be on a stable psychotropic regimen for at least six weeks (42 days) prior to screening, or no psychotropic medication at all, and be willing to maintain the current regimen and dosing for the duration of the study (unless medical necessary to make changes with notification of research staff);
  7. If female and of child bearing potential, agree to use an acceptable method of birth control for the duration of the study treatment period
  8. Be willing and able to comply with all study related procedures and visits,
  9. Be capable of independently reading and understanding patient information materials and giving written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Are pregnant or lactating or planning to become pregnant within the next three months.
  2. Have a lifetime history of loss of consciousness due to head injury for greater than 10 minutes, or any lifetime history of loss of consciousness due to a head injury with documented evidence of brain injury (including brain atrophy).
  3. Current (or past if appropriate) significant neurological disorder, or lifetime history of a) seizure disorder b) primary or secondary CNS tumors c) stroke or d) cerebral aneurysm;
  4. Current Axis 1 primary psychotic disorder, or bipolar I disorder, current alcohol and/or substance dependence or abuse within the past 1 month;
  5. Past treatment with TMS therapy
  6. Have active suicidal intent or plan as detected on screening assessments, or in the Investigator's opinion, is likely to attempt suicide within the next six months.
  7. Demonstrate the presence of any other condition or circumstance that, in the opinion of the investigator, has the potential to prevent study completion and/or to have a confounding effect on outcome assessments.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02273063

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United States, Rhode Island
Butler Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02906
Providence VA Medical Center
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02908
Sponsors and Collaborators
Butler Hospital
Providence VA Medical Center
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Principal Investigator: Linda L Carpenter, M.D. Butler Hospital
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Butler Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02273063    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1404-005
First Posted: October 23, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 4, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 4, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018
Keywords provided by Butler Hospital:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Pathologic Processes
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders