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A Safety and Tolerability Study of JNJ-54861911 in Participants With Early Alzheimer's Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02260674
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 9, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 3, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of JNJ-54861911 during 6 months of treatment in participants with early (predementia) alzheimer's disease (AD [degenerative disease of the brain characterized by the insidious onset of dementia, impairment of memory, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe apraxias and a global loss of cognitive abilities]).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Drug: JNJ-54861911, 10 milligram (mg) Drug: JNJ-54861911, 50 mg Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a double-blind (neither the researchers nor the participants know what treatment the participant is receiving), placebo-controlled (an inactive substance; a pretend treatment [with no drug in it] that is compared in a clinical trial with a drug to test if the drug has a real effect), randomized (study drug assigned by chance), multi-center (when more than one hospital or medical school team work on a medical research study), parallel-group study. The study consists of 3 Parts; Screening Phase of 90 days, double-blind Treatment Phase of 6 months and Follow-up Phase of 7 to 28 days following the last dose in Month 6. Eligible participants in the early (predementia) AD spectrum will be randomized to either Treatment group 1, 2 or placebo and participants who previously participated in study 54861911ALZ1005 will be enrolled in this study and will receive the same treatment as in study 54861911ALZ1005. The study duration for each participant will be approximately 10 months. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples will be collected to evaluate the plasma pharmacokinetics of JNJ-54861911, as well as amyloid beta fragments. Participants' safety will be monitored throughout the study, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cognitive measures.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 114 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group, Multi-center Study Investigating the Safety and Tolerability of JNJ-54861911 in Subjects With Early Alzheimer's Disease
Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Group 1
Participants will self-administer JNJ-54861911, two tablets of 5 milligram (mg) each for a total of 10 mg, orally, once daily, from Day 1 until Month 6.
Drug: JNJ-54861911, 10 milligram (mg)
Participants will self-administer JNJ-54861911, two tablets of 5 mg each for a total of 10 mg, orally, once daily, from Day 1 until Month 6 in treatment group 1.

Experimental: Treatment Group 2
Participants will self-administer JNJ-54861911, two tablets of 25 mg each for a total of 50 mg, orally, once daily, from Day 1 until Month 6.
Drug: JNJ-54861911, 50 mg
Participants will self-administer JNJ-54861911, two tablets of 25 mg each for a total of 50 mg, orally, once daily, from Day 1 until Month 6 in treatment group 2.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo matched to JNJ-54861911, orally, once daily, from Day 1 until Month 6.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo matched to JNJ-54861911, orally, once daily, from Day 1 until Month 6 in placebo group.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) or Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: up to 10 months ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An SAE is an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; lifethreatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Relationship Between Dose and Exposure of JNJ-54861911 With Safety [ Time Frame: Month 1 up to Month 6 ]
    Plasma and, if possible, CSF measurements will be taken to measure the concentration of JNJ-54861911. Population pharmacokinetic modeling (statistical modeling) will be used to derive individual pharmacokinetic parameters (e.g. Cmax, AUCtau, Tmax) in plasma and, if possible, in CSF. Incidence of adverse events and their timing of onset will be examined with regard to these concentrations to assess potential relationships between safety and exposure.

  2. Percent Change From Baseline in Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Amyloid Beta (ABeta) (1-37, 1-38, 1-40, 1-42) Levels and Soluble Amyloid Precursor Protein (sAPP) Fragments (sAPP-alpha, sAPP-beta), Total sAPP Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 6 ]
    The CSF samples will be obtained for measuring levels of different ABeta fragments such as ABeta 1-37, ABeta 1-38, ABeta 1-40, ABeta 1-42. ABeta fragments of different length are produced by cleavage of the APP by beta-secretase (BACE) and the gamma-secretase complex in the brain and excreted into CSF. For participants, who participated previously in study 54861911ALZ1005, the baseline CSF sample taken during that study may be used as baseline in this study.

  3. Percent Change From Baseline in Plasma ABeta 1-40 Levels and sAPP Fragments (sAPP-alpha, sAPP-beta), Total sAPP Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 6 (Day 168) ]
    Plasma samples will be obtained for measuring levels of different ABeta fragments such as ABeta 1-37, ABeta 1-38, ABeta 1-40, ABeta 1-42. ABeta fragments of different length are produced by cleavage of the APP by beta-secretase (BACE) and the gamma-secretase complex in the different peripheral tissues, including white blood cells and can be measured in Plasma.

  4. Relationship Between Changes in CSF and Plasma ABeta Species and sAPP Fragments With Safety [ Time Frame: Month 1 up to Month 6 ]
    ABeta species and sAPP fragments in plasma and CSF will be measured. Incidence of adverse events and their timing of onset will be examined with regard to these concentrations to assess potential relationships between safety and changes in the ABeta species and sAPP fragments.

  5. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of JNJ-54861911 [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on Day 1, post-dose on Day 28, 56, 84, 112, 140 and 168 ]
    The Cmax is the maximum observed plasma concentration.

  6. Time to Reach the Maximum Plasma or CSF concentration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on Day 1, post-dose on Day 28, 56, 84, 112, 140 and 168 ]
    The Tmax is the time to reach the maximum plasma or CSF concentration.

  7. Area Under the Plasma/CSF Concentration-time Curve From Time 0 to tau Hours Post Dosing (AUCtau) [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on Day 1, post-dose on Day 28, 56, 84, 112, 140 and 168 ]
    AUCtau is the area under the plasma/CSF concentration-time curve from time 0 to tau hours post dosing. Time tau is the dosing interval.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants in the early alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum must have a global Clinical Dementia Rating Scale( CDR) score of 0 (asymptomatic at risk for AD) to 0.5 prodromal AD (pAD) inclusive
  • Participants must have evidence of amyloid pathology by means of either: a) low Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) ABeta 1-42 levels at screening; b) a positive amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) scan at screening (depending on the site's PET capability) by visual read
  • Participants must have a body mass index between 18 and 35 kilogram per square meter (kg/m^2), inclusive, at screening
  • Participants must be otherwise healthy for their age group or medically stable with or without medication on the basis of physical examination, medical history, vital signs, and 12-lead ECG performed at screening or at baseline. If there are abnormalities, they must be consistent with the underlying illness in the study population and not a potential cause of cognitive impairment, with written concurrence with the sponsor's medical monitor
  • Before randomization, a woman must be not of childbearing potential: postmenopausal (greater than or equal to [>=] 50 years of age with amenorrhea for at least 12 months; permanently sterilized [e.g., tubal occlusion, hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy]); or otherwise be incapable of pregnancy. In case of questionable status qualified personal of the sponsor should be consulted to decide on the potential for inclusion of the participant

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant has evidence of any brain disease, other than potential very early signs of AD (e.g. mild hippocampal atrophy) or typical age-related changes (e.g. mild white matter hyperintensity on magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) or any other abnormality (e.g. folic acid/Vitamin B12 deficiency) that could explain a possible cognitive deficit (including, but not limited to vascular encephalopathy or strokes including lacuna's (as imaged by cerebral MRI) and Major Depression (as defined by most current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria)
  • Participant has evidence of familial autosomal dominant AD. (Inclusion can be made upon written confirmation by sponsor, when the mutation is known and deemed not to be modulating Beta-secretase [BACE] cleavage)
  • Participant with history or presence of significant depression as defined by the most current DSM criteria
  • Participant has a clinically significant abnormal physical- or neurological examination, vital signs at screening or baseline (Day 1 predose)
  • Participant has a history of or current liver or renal insufficiency; clinically significant cardiac, vascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, hematologic, rheumatologic, psychiatric, or metabolic disturbances (e.g. unstable situation needing monitoring or regular dose adaptations)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02260674


Locations
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Belgium
Gent, Belgium
Hoboken, Belgium
France
Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Paris, France
Toulouse, France
Germany
Essen, Germany
Halle, Germany
Hamburg N/A, Germany
Homburg, Germany
Luebeck, Germany
Tübingen, Germany
Ulm, Germany
Netherlands
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Spain
Barcelona, Spain
Madrid, Spain
Terrasa Barcelona N/A, Spain
Valencia, Spain
Sweden
Mölndal, Sweden
Stockholm, Sweden
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC

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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02260674     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR105240
54861911ALZ2002 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2014-002159-24 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 9, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 3, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Alzheimer's Disease
JNJ-54861911
Placebo
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders