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Trial record 28 of 333 for:    DABIGATRAN

Resolution of Left Atrial-Appendage Thrombus - Effects of Dabigatran in Patients With AF (RE-LATED_AF)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02256683
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Recruiting problems)
First Posted : October 6, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Boehringer Ingelheim
Atrial Fibrillation Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Rostock, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to assess whether Dabigatran leads to a faster complete left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus resolution as compared to Phenprocoumon. The secondary objectives of this trial are to assess the impact of Dabigatran versus Phenprocoumon on complete LAA thrombus resolution rate until week 6 and change in LAA thrombus volume under treatment as well as to assess and compare safety and tolerability of both drugs. A total of 110 patients with atrial fibrillation and LAA thrombus will be randomized to receive either Dabigatran (150 mg bid) or Phenprocoumon (INR 2-3) for a least three weeks. Thrombus resolution will be determined by transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) 3 weeks after start of study treatment and subsequently at week 4 and 6 if necessary, i.e. LAA thrombus has not yet resolved. The study is terminated for each patient with the resolution of the LAA thrombus. For those patients whose thrombus still exists after 6 weeks treatment, the study is also terminated. Further treatments will be decided at the discretion of the treating physician.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Atrial Fibrillation or Atrial Flutter Thrombosis of Left Atrial Appendage Drug: Dabigatran etexilate Drug: Phenprocoumon Phase 2

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND Dabigatran etexilate, a direct thrombin inhibitor and new oral anticoagulant (NOAC), has been shown to effectively prevent thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is a paucity of data on the antithrombotic efficacy and safety of dabigatran in the resolution of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi in AF patients.

OBJECTIVE The primary objective of the RE-LATED trial is to assess whether treatment with dabigatran results in a faster complete LAA thrombus resolution as compared to vitamin-K antagonist phenprocoumon. Secondary objectives are to assess the impact of dabigatran on complete LAA thrombus resolution rate during treatment of 6 weeks, and change in LAA thrombus volume under treatment. Furthermore, this study aims to assess and compare safety and tolerability of dabigatran vs. phenprocoumon.

METHODS The study is designed as a prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled, explorative, blinded endpoint (PROBE) trial. Patients with AF and left atrial appendage thrombus confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) will be randomized to receive either dabigatran (150 mg bid) or phenprocoumon (INR 2-3) for the resolution of LAA thrombus formation for at least 21 days. Thrombus resolution will be determined by TEE 3 weeks after treatment initiation and subsequently at week 4 and 6, if the primary study endpoint (LAA thrombus resolution) has not yet been achieved. A total of 110 patients are planned to get randomized.

CLINICAL CONTEXT This is the first controlled trial that investigates the safety and efficacy of a NOAC for the resolution of a LAA thrombus in patients with AF.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 64 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Dabigatran in Patients With AF - A Prospective, Randomized, Open-label, Explorative, Blinded-endpoint Trial to Compare the Efficacy of Dabigatran With Phenprocoumon for the Resolution of LAA Thrombus in Patients With AF
Study Start Date : July 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dabigatran
Dabigatran etexilate (Pradaxa®) 150 mg capsule by mouth twice daly for 3 up to 6 weeks depending on treatment response
Drug: Dabigatran etexilate
After inclusion of the patients with LAA thrombus, they are treated according to the randomization either with Pradaxa® (150 mg bid) or Marcumar® (INR 2-3) for at least three weeks. Thrombus resolution will be determined by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) 3 weeks after start of treatment and subsequently at week 4 and 6 if necessary, i.e. LAA thrombus has not yet resolved. The study is terminated for each patient with the resolution of the LAA thrombus or after 6 weeks of study treatment.
Other Name: Pradaxa®

Active Comparator: Phenprocoumon
Phenprocoumon (Marcumar®) 3 mg capsule by mouth according to INR (2-3) for 3 up to 6 weeks depending on treatment response
Drug: Phenprocoumon
After inclusion of the patients with LAA thrombus, they are treated according to the randomization either with Pradaxa® (150 mg bid) or Marcumar® (INR 2-3) for at least three weeks. Thrombus resolution will be determined by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) 3 weeks after start of treatment and subsequently at week 4 and 6 if necessary, i.e. LAA thrombus has not yet resolved. The study is terminated for each patient with the resolution of the LAA thrombus or after 6 weeks of study treatment.
Other Name: Marcumar®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to complete left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus resolution [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]

    Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) will be performed at screening and after three weeks of treatment. In case of persistence of the LAA thrombus after three weeks, study treatment will be continued for a maximum of further 3 weeks and the patients will undergo a TEE at weeks 4 and 6 for LAA thrombus assessment until LAA thrombus resolution can be confirmed. The study is finished for each patient with the resolution of the LAA thrombus. For patients with a thrombus persisting after 6 weeks treatment, the study will also be terminated.

    At each TEE examination existence of a LAA thrombus is documented (YES/NO).



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete LAA thrombus resolution until week 6 (yes/no) [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]

    Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) will be performed at screening and after three weeks of treatment. In case of persistence of the LAA thrombus after three weeks, study treatment will be continued for a maximum of further 3 weeks and the patients will undergo a TEE at weeks 4 and 6 for LAA thrombus assessment until LAA thrombus resolution can be confirmed. The study is finished for each patient with the resolution of the LAA thrombus. For patients with a thrombus persisting after 6 weeks treatment, the study will also be terminated.

    At each TEE examination existence of a LAA thrombus is documented (YES/NO).


  2. Change in LAA thrombus volume under treatment [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]

    Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) will be performed at screening and after three weeks of treatment. In case of persistence of the LAA thrombus after three weeks, study treatment will be continued for a maximum of further 3 weeks and the patients will undergo a TEE at weeks 4 and 6 for LAA thrombus assessment until LAA thrombus resolution can be confirmed. The study is finished for each patient with the resolution of the LAA thrombus. For patients with a thrombus persisting after 6 weeks treatment, the study will also be terminated.

    If a LAA thrombus exists the longitudinal and transversal diameters (mm) in the 45-60° and in the 135° layer are measured.

    If a LAA thrombus exists based on the diameters the volume (mm3) of the LAA thrombus is calculated.


  3. Occurrence of any adverse event [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]
    Patient interview at each visit and at follow up phone call. In case of availability review of patients' health records.

  4. Occurrence of major bleedings [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]

    Patient interview at each visit and at follow up phone call. In case of availability review of patients' health records.

    Criteria for major bleedings in non-surgical patients:

    1. Fatal bleeding, and/or
    2. Symptomatic bleeding in a critical area or organ, such as intracranial, intraspinal, intraocular, retroperitoneal, intraarticular or pericardial, or intramuscular with compartment syndrome, and/or
    3. Bleeding causing a fall in haemoglobin level of 2.0 g/dl (1.24 mmol/l) or more, or leading to transfusion of two or more units of whole blood or red cells.

  5. Occurrence of strokes (all-type, haemorrhagic, ischemic) ascertained by CCT or cMRT [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]
    Patient interview at each visit and at follow up phone call. In case of availability review of patients' health records.

  6. Occurrence of transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]
    Patient interview at each visit and at follow up phone call. In case of availability review of patients' health records.

  7. Occurrence of cardiovascular events requiring hospitalization [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]
    Patient interview at each visit and at follow up phone call. In case of availability review of patients' health records.

  8. Occurrence of other thromboembolic events [ Time Frame: 3 up to 6 weeks ]
    Patient interview at each visit and at follow up phone call. In case of availability review of patients' health records.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with documented non-valvular AF or atrial flutter (12-lead ECG)
  • Newly diagnosed or confirmed LAA thrombus in TEE (time of detection ≤ 28 days)
  • Patients 18 years old
  • CHA2DS2-VASc Score 1
  • CrCL 30 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault)
  • Women with childbearing potential have to practice a medically accepted contraception
  • Ability of patient to understand the character and the individual consequences of the clinical trial
  • Signed and dated informed consent before start of any specific trial procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients > 80 years
  • Low body weight (< 50 kg)
  • Previous failure of LAA thrombus resolution with a VKA or factor Xa antagonist
  • Occurrence of LAA thrombus under long-term treatment (> 3 months) with vitamin K antagonists with an exception in the case of continued INR out of the target range
  • Contraindications for oral anticoagulation therapy (see current Fachinformation for Pradaxa® (150 mg) and Marcumar® (3 mg))
  • History of heart valve disorder (i.e., prosthetic valve or hemodynamically relevant valve disease)
  • Valvular heart disease requiring intervention (including mechanical valves)
  • Acute myocardial infarction or MI within the last 26 weeks
  • Acute coronary syndrome (e.g. instable angina pectoris, STEMI, NSTEMI)
  • Chronic Heart Failure (> NYHA IIIa)
  • Previous haemorrhagic stroke
  • TIA within the last 90 days
  • Clinical relevant bleeding within the last 26 weeks
  • Acute and subacute bacterial endocarditis
  • Recurrent pulmonary embolism
  • Esophagitis, gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux
  • Thrombocytopenia or functional platelet defects
  • Congenital or acquired coagulation or haemorrhagic disorders
  • Liver diseases (liver enzymes >2 ULN)
  • Renal insufficiency (CrCL below 30 mL/min)
  • Pre-treatment with Dabigatran in doses higher than 110 mg bid
  • Concomitant treatment with rivaroxaban, apixaban, and in case of approval during the course of the trial, also edoxaban
  • Concomitant treatment with irreversible cyclooxygenase inhibitors (e.g. ASA) at doses > 100 mg/d.
  • Concomitant treatment with high doses of Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor inhibitors (e.g. clopidogrel) at doses > 75 mg/d
  • Combined treatment with Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor inhibitors (e.g. clopidogrel) and irreversible cyclooxygenase inhibitors (e.g. ASA) in any dose combination
  • Planned treatment with long-term oral anticoagulants for alternative indications
  • Concomitant treatment with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors, i.e. verapamil.
  • Need for continued treatment with ticlopidine, ticagrelor, prasugrel, systemic ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, dronedarone, rifampicin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, St. John's Wort or any cytotoxic/myelosuppressive therapy
  • Concomitant treatment with medication not permitted
  • Planned surgical intervention during expected study participation or previous surgical interventions within the last 30 days
  • Other significant risk factors for bleeding complications (e.g. malignancy)
  • Pregnancy and lactation.
  • History of hypersensitivity to the investigational medicinal product or to any drug with similar chemical structure or to any excipient present in the pharmaceutical form of the investigational medicinal product.
  • Participation in other clinical trials during the present clinical trial or within the last 90 days.
  • Medical or psychological condition that would not permit completion of the trial or signing of informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02256683


Locations
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Germany
University Heart Center; Department of Cardiology and Angiology II
Bad Krozingen, Germany, D-79189
Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Berlin, Germany, 10117
Vivantes Clinical Center Am Urban; General Internal Medicine and conservative intensive care
Berlin, Germany, D-10967
Klinikum Coburg GmbH
Coburg, Germany, 96450
University Heart Center; Department of Invasive Electrophysiology
Dresden, Germany, D-01307
University Heart Center; Department of Cardiology, Electrophysiology
Hamburg, Germany, D-20246
Hannover Medical School; Department of Cardiology and Angiology
Hannover, Germany, D-30625
Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe, Germany, 76133
University Heart Center; Department of Cardiology
Köln, Germany, D-50937
Universitätsmedizin Leipzig
Leipzig, Germany, 04103
University Hospital Mainz, II. Medical Clinic, Dept. of Electrophysiology
Mainz, Germany, D-55131
University Medical Center
Münster, Germany, D-48149
St. Vincenz-Hospital GmbH
Paderborn, Germany, D-33098
Rostock University Hospital; Rhythmology and Clinical Electrophysiology
Rostock, Germany, D-18057
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
Boehringer Ingelheim
Atrial Fibrillation Network
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Thomas Rostock, MD University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz

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Responsible Party: Thomas Rostock, Univ.-Prof. Dr. med., Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02256683     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013-008
2013-005364-26 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 6, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Keywords provided by Thomas Rostock, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz:
atrial fibrillation
atrial flutter
Atrial-Appendage Thrombus
Thrombus resolution
Dabigatran
Phenprocoumon
Transesophageal Echocardiography
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dabigatran
Atrial Fibrillation
Thrombosis
Atrial Flutter
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Phenprocoumon
Antithrombins
Serine Proteinase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anticoagulants