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Bioequivalence Study of Tretinoin Gel 0.05% to Brand Tretinoin Gel

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02249767
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 26, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Spear Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
This was a double-blind, randomized, three-treatment, parallel study. Normal, healthy male and female children and adults (i.e., ages 12 to 40 years) with at least Grade 2 (i.e., mild severity) acne vulgaris were treated on the full face once daily for 84 days with the Tretinoin Gel 0.05%, Brand (tretinoin) Gel 0.05%, or Gel Vehicle. Acne lesions were graded by a single blinded observer at screening and at Weeks 0 (i.e., baseline), 2, 4, 8, and 12 at each location.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acne Drug: Tretinoin Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This was a double-blind, randomized, three-treatment, parallel study conducted at three locations with a single investigator. Normal, healthy male and female children and adults (i.e., ages 12 to 40 years) with at least Grade 2 (i.e., mild severity) acne vulgaris were treated on the full face once daily for 84 days with the Tretinoin Gel 0.05%, Brand (tretinoin) Gel 0.05%, or Gel Vehicle. Acne lesions were graded by a single blinded observer at screening and at Weeks 0 (i.e., baseline), 2, 4, 8, and 12 at each location.

The assigned study treatment was self-applied topically once daily for 84 consecutive days. Scheduled study visits included:

  • Visit 1 (Baseline Visit, Day 0)
  • Visit 2 (First Interim Visit, Day 14)
  • Visit 3 (Second Interim Visit, Day 28)
  • Visit 4 (Third Interim Visit, Day 56)
  • Visit 5 (Forth Interim Visit, Day 84)

A window of ± 4 days was considered acceptable for each scheduled visit following the Baseline Visit. Subjects were admitted into the study if they had a clinical diagnosis of acne vulgaris and if they met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. During the study visits, the following procedures were performed:

  • Counts of inflammatory, non-inflammatory, and nodulocystic lesions
  • The Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA)
  • Assessment of application site reactions Safety was assessed by the monitoring of AEs and documenting signs and/or symptoms of application site reactions.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 574 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Bioequivalence Study of Tretinoin Gel 0.05% to Brand Tretinoin Gel
Study Start Date : November 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Acne
Drug Information available for: Tretinoin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Generic Tretinoin
Treatment of acne once daily over 12 weeks
Drug: Tretinoin
Treatment of acne once daily in evening
Other Name: Placebo

Active Comparator: Brand Tretinoin
Treatment of Acne once daily over 12 weeks
Drug: Tretinoin
Treatment of acne once daily in evening
Other Name: Placebo

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Vehicle
Treatment of acne once daily over 12 weeks
Drug: Tretinoin
Treatment of acne once daily in evening
Other Name: Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. percent Improvement of acne [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Normal, healthy male and female children and adults aged 12 to 40 years
  • Written and verbal informed consent had to be obtained. Subjects aged 12 to 17 years, had to sign an assent for the study and a parent or a legal guardian had to sign the informed consent
  • Women of childbearing potential had to be non-pregnant and non-nursing, and had to be willing to avoid pregnancy during the course of the study and during the menstrual cycle following completion of their participation in the study. Adequate contraception was defined as systemic birth control, such as oral contraceptives, for three months prior and implantable/injectable contraceptives (e.g., Norplant, intrauterine device [IUD]) for six months prior to study drug administration; or barrier methods, such as diaphragm plus spermicide or condom plus spermicide, consistently for at least 14 days prior to study drug administration; or abstinence.
  • On the face, having ≥ 20 inflammatory (i.e., papules and pustules) and ≥ 25 non-inflammatory (i.e., open and closed comedones) lesions with ≤ 2 nodulocystic lesions (i.e, nodules and cysts), as per FDA Draft Guidance on Tretinoin, dated March 20
  • Able to refrain from the use of all other topical acne medications or antibiotics during the treatment period
  • Considered reliable and capable of understanding their responsibility and role in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of any skin condition that would interfere with the diagnosis or assessment of acne vulgaris (e.g., on the face: rosacea, dermatitis, psoriasis, squamous cell carcinoma, eczema, acneform eruptions caused by medications, steroid acne, steroid folliculitis, or bacterial folliculitis). Note: Eczema and psoriasis on the body are not exclusions.
  • Subjects with active cystic acne as evidenced by more than 2 facial nodules. Nodules are defined as in 7.3.3 as: deep-seated in the skin (i.e., centered in the dermis or subcutis) and greater than 5 mm in diameter.
  • More than 40 papules and/or pustules (inflammatory lesions).
  • More than 60 open and/or closed comedones/milia (non-inflammatory lesions).
  • Overall severity grade of less than 2 or greater than 4.
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to tretinoin, retinoids, or any of the study medication ingredients.
  • Significant history or clinical evidence of auto-immune, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, hematological, hepatic, neurological, pancreatic, or renal disease.
  • Use within 6 months prior to baseline of systemic retinoid (isotretinoin) treatment or therapeutic vitamin A supplements of greater than 10,000 units/day (multivitamins are allowed).
  • Oral contraceptives started or changed within 3 months prior to study initiation or planned to change during the study.
  • Use on the face within 1 month prior to baseline of 1) cryodestruction or chemodestruction, 2) dermabrasion, 3) photodynamic therapy, 4) acne surgery, 5) intralesional steroids, or 6) x-ray therapy.
  • Use within 1 month prior to baseline of 1) spironolactone, 2) systemic steroids, 3) systemic antibiotics, 4) systemic treatment for acne vulgaris (other than oral retinoids, which require a 6-month washout), or 5) systemic anti-inflammatory agents.
  • Use within 2 weeks prior to baseline of 1) topical steroids, 2) topical retinoids, 3) topical acne treatments including over-the-counter preparations, 4) topical anti-inflammatory agents, or 5) topical antibiotics.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Serious psychological illness.
  • Significant history (within the past year) of alcohol or drug abuse.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02249767


Sponsors and Collaborators
Spear Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Susan Barker, MD Moore Clinical Research

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Responsible Party: Spear Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02249767     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Tret.2014.10.01.14
First Posted: September 26, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tretinoin
Antineoplastic Agents
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents