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Rehabilitation for Disabled Stroke Patients in Rural China (RECOVER)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02247921
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 25, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The George Institute for Global Health, China

Brief Summary:

Stroke is the second leading cause of mortality and disability among adults worldwide. Rehabilitation is an effective treatment for stroke; however rehabilitation services are far from adequate in China, especially in rural areas where the health and economic burden of disability from stroke is very high.

The investigators propose to develop, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based caregiver-delivered stroke rehabilitation program designed to improve the physical functioning of disabled stroke patients in rural China.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stroke Other: Rehabilitation Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This randomized controlled trial will be conducted in Zhangwu People's Hospital in Liaoning Province, Qingtongxia People's Hospital in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Dianjiang People's Hospital in Chongqing City. Eligible and consenting stroke in patients with residual disability will be randomized into the intervention group or control group after they have passed the acute care stage and approved by their physicians to be recruited into the study. Standardized baseline assessments for all patients include Barthel Index (activities of daily living), modified Rankin Scale, and other demographic, disease history, lifestyle, and health information. Nurses in the county hospital will be trained by rehabilitation specialists and will in turn train the family caregivers of patients in the intervention group with the aid of an easy-to-understand picture-rich rehabilitation manual, specially designed for this study. The content of training is based on 10 domains in the Barthel Index, which can be classified into 3 groups: mobility, self-care, and toileting. Nurses will do the telephone based follow-up to patients at approximately 2, 4, and 8 weeks post-discharge to provide follow-up care and consultation. Follow-up evaluation of all patients will be conducted by researchers not involved in the intervention. Pre-discharge evaluation including Barthel Index, modified Rankin Scale and Functional Ambulation Category will be conducted face to face with patients, . 3 months and 6 months evaluation will be conducted via telephone based interview.3 months evaluation includes living condition, Barthel Index ,modified Rankin Scale, hospitalization condition and medicine usage. Based on 3 months evaluation, 6 months evaluation includes additional measures: Functional Ambulation Classification, EQ-5D, 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, physical examination and caregiver burden. Primary outcome will be the Barthel Index score at 6-month after hospital discharge. The study will be conducted in 2 phases: 1) pilot study (Lasting for 2 months, 30 patients in Zhangwu People's Hospital and 30 patients in Qingtongxia People's hospital); and 2) main study (Lasting for 15 months, 100 patients in Zhangwu People's Hospital, 100 patients in Qingtongxia People's hospital and 60 patients in Dianjiang People's Hospital). Information from pilot study will be used for refinement of the intervention and study implementation. Patients in the pilot study will be followed until the end of the study, resulting in a total of 320 patients.

Primary Hypothesis: The innovative caregiver-delivered nurse-organized rehabilitation intervention, compared to usual care, will significantly improve physical functioning of disabled stroke patients in rural China, as measured by the Barthel Index (activities of daily living) at six months after hospital discharge.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 248 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Rehabilitation Through Caregiver-delivered Nurse-organized Service Programs for Disabled Stroke Patients in Rural China
Study Start Date : August 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 31, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rehabilitation
nurse-led caregiver-delivered rehabilitation
Other: Rehabilitation
Patients recruited into the intervention arm will have their family-nominated caregivers trained by a trained nurse and guided by a culturally appropriate and easy-to-understand rehabilitation manual to be given to caregivers at the last session, shortly before hospital discharge to reduce contamination. The training sessions will take at least 90 minutes per day for 2 or 3 days.The nurse will call the patients and caregivers at 2, 4, and 8 weeks after hospital discharge to monitor progress and offer guidance on rehabilitation.Duration of the standardized yet individualized intervention by nurses will be 8 weeks; however, trained caregivers are expected to deliver the rehabilitation services to patients as long as they are needed.

No Intervention: Usual care
The patients in the control arm will receive conventional care in terms of access to rehabilitation in hospital, timeliness of discharge and follow-up, without any explicit provision of caregiver training or accelerated discharge.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Barthel Index (activities of daily living) at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Barthel Index at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  2. Functional Ambulation Classification (FAC) at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  3. EQ-5D quality of life at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  4. Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 items at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  5. Modified Rankin Scale at 3 and 6 months [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Caregiver Burden Index at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. hospitalization [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  3. medical costs [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults (≥18 years,and≤79 years);
  • Recent (<1 month) first-ever acute ischemic/hemorrhagic/undifferentiated stroke patients;or recurrent patients with the result of Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) no more than 2 points.
  • With a reasonable expectation of 6 month survival post-discharge (i.e. not palliative, no evidence of widespread cancer etc.);
  • Residual disability (requiring physical assistance for core activities of daily living defined as a Barthel Index score of 80 or lower)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to identify a suitable family-nominated caregiver for training and subsequent delivery of care
  • Unable to provide informed consent from both the patient (or by proxy) and the caregiver

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02247921

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China, Beijing
The Georgeinstitute of Global Health at Peking University Health Science Center
Beijing, Beijing, China, 100088
Sponsors and Collaborators
The George Institute for Global Health, China
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Principal Investigator: Lijing Yan Duke Kunshan University

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: The George Institute for Global Health, China Identifier: NCT02247921     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CMB13-161
First Posted: September 25, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Keywords provided by The George Institute for Global Health, China:
caregiver delivered rehabilitation
nurse-organized service
disabled stroke patients
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases