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Stem Cell Gene Therapy for Sickle Cell Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02247843
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 25, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Donald B. Kohn, M.D., University of California, Los Angeles

Brief Summary:
This Phase I clinical trial will assess the safety and initial evidence for efficacy of an autologous transplant of lentiviral vector modified peripheral blood for adults with severe sickle cell disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sickle Cell Disease Biological: βAS3-FB vector transduced peripheral blood CD34+ cells Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects ~90,000 people in the U.S. who suffer significant neurological, lung, and kidney damage, as well as severe chronic pain episodes that adversely impact on quality of life. While current medical therapies for SCD can reduce short-term morbidity, the inevitable progressive deterioration in organ function results in a significant decrease in quality of health with early mortality. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) can benefit patients with SCD, by providing a source for life-long production of normal red blood cells. However, allogeneic HSCT is limited by the availability of well-matched donors and immunological complications, especially for the more than 80% of patients who lack an HLA-identical sibling donor. Autologous HSCT using a patient's own peripheral blood stem cells that have been corrected by transfer of a modified human beta-globin gene that inhibits polymerization of the HbS (stem cell gene therapy) may provide a better therapeutic alternative, as it would avoid the immunologic complications and donor limitations of allogeneic HSCT.

Up to 6 subjects with SCD meeting eligibility criteria for disease severity and adequacy of organ function will be enrolled.

Following informed consent, enrolled subjects will be screened to confirm full eligibility for participation. A chronic red blood cell transfusions regimen will be given prior to stem cell collection and transplant. Subjects will undergo peripheral blood stem cell collection using plerixafor mobilization and apheresis. A portion of their stem cells will be cryopreserved as "back-up," with the remaining portion used to prepare the gene-modified Final Cellular Product: autologous peripheral blood CD34+ cells transduced ex vivo by the Lenti/G-βAS3-FB lentiviral vector to express an anti-sickling (βAS3) gene. The subject will receive marrow cytoreduction with busulfan prior to infusion of the gene-modified cells. The follow-up period will include an initial 2 years of active follow-up, where the subjects will be seen at intervals of no more than 3 months, followed by offer for enrollment into a long-term follow-up study during years 3-15.

The primary objectives of the Phase I study are to assess safety and feasibility, with secondary objectives to assess efficacy (engraftment, βAS3-globin gene expression, and effects on red blood cells function and clinical hematologic and disease parameters).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 6 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Research Study of Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Using Peripheral Blood CD34+ Cells Modified With the Lenti/G-βAS3-FB Lentiviral Vector
Actual Study Start Date : December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: βAS3-FB vector transduced peripheral blood CD34+ cells
This is a single arm study without randomization. All subjects will receive the intervention of BetaAS3 lentiviral vector-modified autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant.
Biological: βAS3-FB vector transduced peripheral blood CD34+ cells
CD34+ from the peripheral blood of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are transduced ex-vivo with the Lenti/βAS3-FB lentiviral vector. The transduced cells are then infused into the patient.
Other Name: Lenti/βAS3-FB




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of Safety [ Time Frame: up to 24 months ]
    1. Clinical toxicity: Absence of grade 3-4 SAEs
    2. Absence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL):
    3. Absence of monoclonal expansion or leukoproliferative disorder from vector insertional effects: To monitor for monoclonal expansion or leukoproliferative complications, LAM-PCR will be performed.
    4. Event-free survival. Event-free survival will be determined for each subject over the 24 months after gene therapy. An event is defined as death or performance of an allogeneic HSCT.
    5. Absence of humoral immune response to novel epitopes of βAS3-globin protein



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

PARTICIPANT INCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Age ≥18 by time of enrollment
  • Diagnosis of SCD documented by genetic analysis (S/S, S/β-thalassemia-zero)
  • Must not have medically eligible and available HLA-identical sibling donor or 10/10 allele-matched unrelated donor (within a year prior to harvest) (or refuses to have an allogeneic HSCT)
  • Inadequate clinical response to hydroxyurea (HU), defined as any one of the following outcomes, while on HU for at least 3 months:

    • 2 or more acute sickle pain crises requiring hospitalization
    • no rise in Hb >1.5 gm/dl from pre-HU baseline or requires transfusion to maintain Hb > 6.0 gm/dL
    • Has an episode of acute chest syndrome defined as development of a new pulmonary alveolar consolidation involving at least one complete lung segment associated with acute symptoms including: fever >38.5, chest pain, tachypnea, intercostal retractions, nasal flaring, use of accessory muscles of respiration, wheezing, rales, or cough not attributable to asthma or bronchiolitis) in the preceding two year period prior to enrollment. The acute chest syndrome event occurred despite adequate supportive care measures.
    • Or medical decision for other therapy (e.g. chronic transfusion program), or subject refusal to take HU.
  • The patient must be off HU for at least 30 days (+/- 5 days) before PBSC collection.
  • Must have one or more of the following clinical complications demonstrating disease severity:

    • Clinically-significant neurologic event: stroke or any central nervous system deficit lasting >24 hours.
    • Abnormal head CT or brain MRI demonstrating previous stroke
    • Administration of regular RBC transfusions for equal or longer than 1 year to prevent vaso- occlusive crises or other sickle cell disease complications or to maintain Hb >6.
    • Pulmonary arterial hypertension with tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity > 2.5 m/sec within 1 year prior to enrollment
    • At least one episode of acute chest syndrome that required hospitalization, within the 2 years prior to enrollment
    • At least 2 acute sickle pain crises requiring hospitalization within the 2 years prior to enrollment
    • Severe osteonecrosis
    • History of acute dactylitis during childhood
    • Recurrent priapism (2 or more episodes)
  • Karnofsky performance score ≥60%

PARTICIPANT EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  • Patient has a medically eligible and available HLA-identical sibling donor or 10/10 allele-matched unrelated donor (unless they refuse to have an allogeneic HSCT).
  • Cardiac evaluation: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% or LV shortening fraction < 26% by cardiac echocardiogram or by MUGA scan or clinically significant ECG abnormalities.
  • Poorly controlled hypertension as determined by BP with systolic >135 or diastolic >95 mmHg despite treatment.
  • Pulmonary evaluation: baseline oxygen saturation of <85% or DLCO< 40% (corrected for Hb)
  • Renal evaluation: serum creatinine >1.5x upper limit of normal for age or GFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2 within 90 days prior to PBSC collection.
  • Hepatic evaluation: serum conjugated (direct) bilirubin > 2x upper limit of normal for age as per local laboratory or ALT and AST > 5 times upper limit of normal as per local laboratory within 90 days prior to PBSC collection.
  • Hematologic evaluation: Leukopenia (WBC< 3x103/uL) or neutropenia (ANC < 1.0x103/uL) or thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100x103/uL) within 90 days prior to PBSC collection.
  • PT/INR or PTT >1.5x upper limit of normal or other clinically significant bleeding disorder to
  • Liver Iron >10mg/g by T2* MRI (within 1 year prior to PBSC collection).
  • Seropositivity for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), HCV (Hepatitis C Virus), HTLV-1 (Human T-Lymphotropic Virus), or active Hepatitis B Virus, or active infection by CMV or parvovirus B19, based on positive blood PCR.
  • Pregnancy
  • Patient must not have any known cancer or other malignant disease or active infection by CT or MRI of head, chest or ultrasound of abdomen
  • Abnormal karyotype by cytogenetic or other appropriate tests.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02247843


Contacts
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Contact: Gary Schiller, MD 310-206-5755 gschiller@mednet.ucla.edu
Contact: Donald Kohn, MD 310-794-1964 dkohn1@mednet.ucla.edu

Locations
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United States, California
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Contact: Giulia Parisi, phD    310-825-1725    gparisi@mednet.ucla.edu   
Contact: Gary Schiller, MD    310-206-5755    gschiller@mednet.ucla.edu   
Principal Investigator: Gary Schiller, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Donald B Kohn, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Theodore B Moore, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Sarah Larson, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Gay M Crooks, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Satiro DeOliveira, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Lonnie Zeltzer, MD         
Sub-Investigator: David Gjertson, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Donald B. Kohn, M.D.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM)
Investigators
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Study Director: Giulia Parisi, PhD University of California, Los Angeles
Principal Investigator: Gary Schiller, MD University of California, Los Angeles

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Donald B. Kohn, M.D., Professor, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02247843     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Lenti/βAS3-FB
First Posted: September 25, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 18, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Donald B. Kohn, M.D., University of California, Los Angeles:
Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)
Gene Therapy
Lentiviral Vector
Beta Globin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia, Sickle Cell
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn