Follow-up Study After Manchester Operation for Pelvic Organ Prolapse (MAP-POP)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02246387|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2020 by Sissel Oversand, Oslo University Hospital.
Recruitment status was: Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2020
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Native tissue repair for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the predominant surgical technique in the investigators department and the Manchester operation the preferred procedure. The investigators long-term reoperation rates for pevic organ prolapse are very low, as documented in the investigators previous long-term follow-up study (Oversand et al, International Urogynecology Journal 2013), however the data were retrospective and patients with avulsions of the levator ani muscle were not identified. The investigators hypothesize that correct fixation and elevation of the vaginal apex, as part of a three-compartment repair procedure, is essential in the POP surgical repair, also when treating women with levator ani avulsions.
The purpose of this study is to:
- prospectively evaluate if cardinal/sacrouterine ligament plication (as part of the 3-compartment Manchester procedure) gives an adequate elevation and fixation of the vaginal apex.
- assess changes in subjective symptoms between the preoperative evaluation and the 1 and 5-year postoperative evaluations.
- evaluate whether the patients identified with levator avulsions in the investigators population have an increased risk of failure (objectively and subjectively).
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Pelvic Organ Prolapse||Procedure: Manchester Operation|
Many studies have shown high recurrence rates after POP surgical repair using native tissue techniques, and this led to the introduction of synthetic meshes in vaginal repair in the early 2000s. However the use of mesh has recently been put under scrutiny due to a high risk of complications, such as mesh exposure. The gran majority of the investigators patients are operated with native tissue repairs, about 60% of them by a Manchester procedure, where ligament plication is an essential part of the procedure. The investigators previous study documented high patient satisfaction and low risk of recurrence, but the data available were mainly collected retrospectively and no data were available on possible levator avulsions. Lateral defects caused by avulsions of the levator ani muscle represent a special sub-group amongst patients with POP, and are shown in several studies to have higher recurrence rates. There is no consensus on how to best repair a lateral defect in a POP, but since the prevalence of levator avulsions in patients with POP is shown to be high, the investigators find it credible that the Manchester Operation can give good results .
The main justification for this study is that the investigators already have identified a surgical technique that has documented excellent results, but studies with more detailed data quality are needed in order to better evaluate the procedure's advantages and potential disadvantages. As the use of mesh in vaginal surgery has shown unacceptable high risks of new and serious complications, there is an international focus and interest in traditional native tissue repairs and how to optimize their performance.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||209 participants|
|Official Title:||Does the Manchester Operation for Pelvic Organ Prolapse Give Sufficient Apical Fixation?|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 2022|
Manchester Operation: Native tissue repair
Procedure: Manchester Operation
A 3- compartment native tissue repair procedure for Pelvic Organ Prolapse.
- Percentage with POP-Q point C equal to or less than -5 at the 1 and 5 year postoperative control compared to preoperative findings for the whole population vs subgroup with levator avulsions. [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
- Changes in point C and D at the 1 and 5 year postoperative control compared to preoperative findings for the whole population vs subgroup with levator avulsions. [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
- Subjective satisfaction at the 1 and 5 year postoperative control (whole population vs subgroup with levator avulsions). [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
- Changes in dyspareunia between the preoperative evaluation and at the 1 and 5 year postoperative control (whole population vs subgroup with levator avulsions). [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
- De novo urinary incontinence at the 1 and 5 year postoperative control (whole population vs subgroup with levator avulsions). [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Female|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
|Sampling Method:||Non-Probability Sample|
- Women aged ≥ 18 years, understanding and reading Scandinavian or English language and being able to sign an informed consent. Non- Scandinavian speakers can be enrolled in the study as long as they understand and can communicate in English or Norwegian.
- Subjective distress from pelvic organ prolapse
- Cystocele Stage I - III with descent of the cervix Stage I-III, with or without a defect of the posterior wall (rectocele, enterocele, hypotrophic perineum).
- Previous total hysterectomy (including removal of the cervix and the cardinal ligaments) or previous subtotal hysterectomy (removal of copus uteri).
- Previous surgery for POP
- Patients with a true Uterine prolapse with a descent of the corpus uteri stage II-III and not just an elongated cervix, as this group may benefit from other procedures than a Manchester operation (vaginal hysterectomy and sacrospinous fixation)
- Unable to understand patient information (in Norwegian or English) and sign an informed consent.
- Patients in whom a colpocleisis (closing of the vagina) is deemed the better surgical treatment, such as in elderly women not sexually active and not interested in future vaginal intercourse.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02246387
|Gynekologisk avdeling, Oslo Universitetssykehus Ullevål|
|Oslo, Norway, 0424|
|Principal Investigator:||Sissel H Oversand, MD||Oslo University Hospital|
|Study Chair:||Anne C Staff, PhD||Oslo University Hospital; University of Oslo|
|Study Director:||Rune Svenningsen, PhD||Oslo University Hospital; University of Oslo|
|Responsible Party:||Sissel Oversand, MD, Oslo University Hospital|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||September 22, 2014 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||November 13, 2020|
|Last Verified:||November 2020|
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Gynecologic Surgery Procedures
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical