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Tools For Teen Moms: Reducing Infant Obesity Risk (TFTM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02244424
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 19, 2014
Results First Posted : March 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mildred Horodynski, Michigan State University

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this social media group randomized trial (GRT) is to test the feasibility of our Baby Dayr for Teen Moms intervention to increase maternal responsiveness to infant cues and implement healthy feeding practices through development of a healthy feeding style.

Aim 1: Evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the Baby Dayr intervention administered to the target population as it relates to their acceptance and satisfaction with the content, format, delivery, and use of social media.

Aim 2: Explore efficacy of the Baby Dayr intervention administered to adolescent mothers of infants 4 months of age or less as assessed by maternal responsiveness, feeding style, and feeding practices evaluated at the completion of the intervention using self-report methods.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adolescent Mothers Infant Obesity Behavioral: Tools for Teen Moms Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Rapid weight gain during infancy is one of the strongest risk factors for obesity later in childhood. Weight gain in infancy is closely linked with feeding practices. Unhealthy mother-infant feeding practices contribute to rapid and/or excessive infant weight gain. Lower-income, adolescent, first-time mothers are less likely to engage in infant-centered feeding (ICF) which is characterized by maternal responsiveness (MR), healthy feeding styles (FS), and healthy feeding practices (FP). ICF is needed to reduce rapid/excessive weight gain during the first six months of life and to foster infant feeding self-regulation that is associated with healthy growth. ICF is a critical factor in reducing infant obesity risk and later adverse health conditions. Practical early intervention strategies are necessary to promote ICF among adolescent mothers to reduce obesity risk. We propose Baby Dayr, a novel social media intervention platform designed by the investigators which includes cell phone text message reminders, an infant feeding website, and Facebook to increase ICF through daily behavioral challenge activities ("challenges") for this population. Because cell phones permit natural, frequent and non-intrusive contact as they are not time-or-place-dependent, they offer an innovative strategy for intervening with adolescent mothers. However, this approach is untested for its feasibility with this population regarding infant feeding practices. We propose an exploratory, longitudinal, randomized, two-group study design. The three specific aims are: 1) to establish preliminary efficacy of the intervention as assessed by infant growth evaluated pre-intervention, immediately post intervention, and when the infant is six months old; 2) establish preliminary efficacy of the Baby Dayr plus Maternal-Infant Health Program (MIHP) care vs. MIHP care only on infant-centered feeding (MR, FS, and FP) mediated by maternal knowledge and self-efficacy; and 3) establish the feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction of a social media intervention (Baby Dayr) for low-income adolescent, first-time mothers by assessing: 1) rates of enrollment and completion of daily challenges, 2) acceptability ratings of Baby Dayr; and 3) satisfaction with Baby Dayr. Participants will be randomly assigned to the intervention (Baby Dayr and MIHP) (n = 40) or control group (MIHP care only) (n = 40). The intervention consists of six weeks of daily challenges and will be delivered starting when the infant is four to six weeks old. The study is innovative in its: 1) assessment of ICF to reduce rapid/excessive infant weight gain in the first six months of life with low-income, adolescent, first-time mother-infant dyads, and 2) combination of an infant-centered skill-building, educational, and coaching approach using social media that is accessible and suitable for adolescents. The proposed research is significant in that it will contribute to the science related to ICF and knowledge regarding use of a social media platform in an at-risk population that can lead to reducing the risk of infant obesity. Information gained from this study will be used to refine the intervention for use in a larger-scale, longitudinal, randomized, controlled trial to reduce obesity risk in infants of low-income, adolescent mothers.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 164 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Tools for Teen Moms: Reducing Infant Obesity Risk
Study Start Date : June 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tools for Teen Moms Intervention Group
Tools for Teen Moms intervention group will receive daily challenges focusing on: 1) Maternal-Infant Feeding Interaction; and 2) Feeding Practices Challenges. The challenges will cycle through a pre-determined schedule where they are automatically updated each day at midnight. Participants will have a 24-hour period to complete each challenge. The intervention will provide a new daily challenge over six weeks, a time frame selected to provide participants with enough opportunities to form the habit of visiting the website daily. Participants will continue to receive usual MIHP care during the intervention.
Behavioral: Tools for Teen Moms
The Tools for Teen Moms intervention is a novel social media intervention platform designed by the investigators which includes cell phone text message reminders, and infant feeding website, and Facebook to increase infant-centered feeding through daily behavioral challenge activities ("challenges") for this population. The intervention consists of 6 weeks of daily challenges and will be delivered within the infant's first 6 months of life.

No Intervention: MIHP standard care
MIHP care consists of voluntary home visits: one week postpartum, at six weeks, and six months, and on-going as needed provided by a RN, licensed social worker, RD, infant mental health specialist and/or paraprofessional. Content includes a flexible plan of care with visits based on identified domains for both the mother and the infant.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Infant Growth [ Time Frame: Baby is less than 2 months; baby is 3 months; baby is 6 months ]
    Recumbent infant length (inches) and weight (pounds/ounces) measured at three separate time points. While recumbent infant length was collected in inches and weight collected in pounds/ounces, these measures were converted into z-score measurements for the outcome measurement of change in infant growth. Standardized weight scores are measures of relative weight adjusted for child age and sex. The z-score indicates the number of standard deviations away from a reference population in the same age range and with the same sex. A z-score of 0 is equal to the mean. Negative numbers indicated weight values lower than the mean and the positive numbers indicate weight values higher than the mean.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Self-identified, English-speaking
  • Low-income, adolescent
  • First-time mothers between the ages of 14 and 19
  • With daily web access and access to a cell phone that includes text messaging capabilities
  • Family income ≤ 185% of federal poverty
  • Term birth (37≤42 weeks, 2500≤3750 grams birth weight)
  • Mothers and infants with no special nutrients or feeding needs
  • Infants less than six weeks old at study enrollment who have not started eating solid foods
  • Adolescent mothers must be a primary caretaker of the infant who feeds her infant at least once a day, and who is willing to participate in a six-week intervention with data collection at three defined time points (T1, T2, and T3)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Male caregivers
  • Mothers and infants with diagnosed feeding/eating disorders
  • Significant perinatal or postnatal complications
  • Post partum depression or other mental health problems
  • Adolescent mothers who do not share in the feeding responsibility of their infants
  • Adolescents without daily web access nor a cell phone with text messaging capabilities

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02244424

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United States, Michigan
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan, United States, 48824
Sponsors and Collaborators
Michigan State University
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Principal Investigator: Mildred A Horodynski, PhD Michigan State University
Principal Investigator: Kami Silk, PhD Michigan State University
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Responsible Party: Mildred Horodynski, Professor, Michigan State University Identifier: NCT02244424    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R21HDO75974-OIAL
First Posted: September 19, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 8, 2019
Last Update Posted: March 8, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Keywords provided by Mildred Horodynski, Michigan State University:
Social media
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pediatric Obesity
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight