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Healthcare Text Messaging to Improve Diet, Physical Activity and Weight Loss in a Pediatric Lipid Clinic (Text4Fit)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02228278
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 29, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if health-related text messages sent from healthcare providers to overweight and obese adolescents enrolled at a pediatric lipid clinic will result in increased adherence to their nutrition and physical activity goals and improve their weight loss. The study will also assess if the volume of texts per week impacts outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pediatric Obesity Behavioral: Group A Other: Group B Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Phase 1: We will recruit 5 participants the from the UF Pediatric Lipid and Obesity clinic for pre-intervention cognitive interviewing to assess acceptability of the intervention and request their input on a representative sample of text messages. Then, 20 participants will be recruited from the same clinic for the intervention (10 controls, 10 intervention participants). Controls will receive current standard care - clinic visits every three months anthropometric assessments and counseling on physical activity and nutrition goals by a healthcare provider, typically with no patient-provider communication between visits. The intervention group will receive the typical clinic visits plus daily text messages in between visits with fitness and nutrition messages to support their health goals. All participants will have anthropometric measurements at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Each participant will complete a Schwartz Diet and Activity History at 0, 3 and 6 month visits, and a post intervention survey will be completed at the 3 month time point.

Phase 2: The second phase will be a larger scale study to assess for statistically significant effects of the text messaging intervention. One hundred participants will be recruited from the UF Pediatric Lipid and Obesity Clinic, one hundred from the UF Pediatric Headache Clinic and one hundred from the Congenital Heart Center for a total of three hundred (n=300) participants at three clinic locations. Participants will be randomized at each clinic location to one of two groups, Group A (immediate intervention, n=50) or Group B (control group, delayed intervention, n=50).

Participants randomized to Group A will receive the typical clinic visits (which includes anthropometric measures every three months, counselling on physical activity and nutrition goals by a healthcare provider and for those prescribed medication for a chronic condition, medication counseling by a healthcare provide) plus daily text messages in between visits for 3 months to support their health goals. Group B will initially act as the control and will receive the typical clinic visits (which includes anthropometric measures every three months, counseling on physical activity and nutrition goals by a healthcare provider, and for those prescribed medication for a chronic condition, medication counseling by a healthcare provider) with typically with no patient-provider communication between visits. After a 6-month delay, Group B will then receive the intervention which includes the typical clinic visits as stated previously plus daily text messages in between visits for 3 months to support their health goals. Participants will be seen in clinic at standard intervals for routine follow up (typically every 3 months). Three months after participants finish receiving the text messages, the same anthropometric and medication measures (for those prescribed chronic medication) that were collected at baseline as part of routine care will be repeated. Each participant will complete a Block Food Screener and Block Physical Activity Screener at 0, 3, and 6 months. A post-intervention survey will be completed after the participants have stopped receiving text messages.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 148 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Text 4 Fit Project: Healthcare Text Messaging to Improve Health Outcomes and Medication Compliance in Overweight and Obese Adolescents.
Actual Study Start Date : April 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 15, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : February 15, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group A
Group A will receive the typical clinic visits plus daily text messages
Behavioral: Group A

Phase 1: Group A will receive the typical clinic visits plus daily text messages for 12 weeks.

Phase 2: Group A will receive the typical clinic visits (which includes anthropometric measures every three months, counseling on physical activity and nutrition goals by a healthcare provider and for those prescribed medication for a chronic condition, medication counseling by a healthcare provide) plus daily text messages in between visits for 3 months to support their health goals.


Group B
Group B will act as the control and will receive the typical clinic visits.
Other: Group B

Phase 1: Group B will receive current standard care - clinic visits every three months anthropometric assessments and counseling on physical activity and nutrition goals by a healthcare provider, typically with no patient-provider communication between visits.

Phase 2: Group B will initially act as the control and will receive the typical clinic visits (which includes anthropometric measures every three months, counseling on physical activity and nutrition goals by a healthcare provider, and for those prescribed medication for a chronic condition, medication counseling by a healthcare provider) with typically with no patient-provider communication between visits. After a 6-month delay, Group B will then receive the intervention which includes the typical clinic visits as stated previously plus daily text messages in between visits for 3 months to support their health goals.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility and Acceptability of text message intervention (Phase 1) [ Time Frame: Change in baseline and 3 months ]
    This will involve a pre-study interview with a small group of subjects to assess for their opinions on the text messages and study concept. Following this, we will perform a small scale trial of the program, involving 20 participants with 10 subjects in the intervention group and 10 controls. The number of participants will most likely not be adequate to reach statistical significance in detecting differences in healthy food choices, physical activity and BMI z-score between control and experimental groups. However, this study will help guide us in establishing if this healthcare texting system functions well. In addition, it may help determine if there are any trends in improvement of the target variables that would support the need for a future, larger study.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes from baseline proportion of healthy food choices versus unhealthy choices [ Time Frame: Change in baseline, 3 and 6 months ]

    Phase 1: We aim to have our adolescent subjects fill out a Schwartz Diet and Activity History at time points 0, 3 and 6 months. We will assess their baseline food choices and then assess for changes in food habits over time, with a prediction that this text message communication will help to decrease the "negative" food choices (sugars/syrups, non whole grain starches, processed foods, sugar sweetened beverages) and increase the "positive" food (fruits/vegetables, low fat dairy, water) choices by 10% (based on screener scores pre and post intervention).

    Phase 2: Each participant will complete a Block Food Screener and Block Physical Activity Screener, instead of the Schwartz Diet and Activity History, to assess the proportion of healthy food choices versus unhealthy choices.


  2. Changes from baseline time spent doing physical activity [ Time Frame: Change in baseline, 3 and 6 months ]

    Phase 1: We aim to have our adolescent subjects complete a Schwartz Diet and Activity History at time points 0, 3 and 6 months. We will assess their baseline physical activity and then assess for changes in physical activity over time, with a prediction that this text message communication will help to decrease their sedentary time (and TV time) and increase their physical activity by 10% (based on screener scores pre and post intervention).

    Phase 2: Each participant will complete a Block Physical Activity Screener, instead of the Schwartz Diet and Activity History, to assess physical activity


  3. Changes from baseline BMI Z-score [ Time Frame: Change in baseline, 3 months and 6 months ]
    Subjects will have assessments of height, weight, age and sex at 0, 3 and 6 month clinic visits. Researchers will assess for any changes in BMI Z-score across time points.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Phase 1:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adolescents age 13-17
  • Overweight or obese (BMI > 85th percentile)
  • Attend or will start attending UF Pediatric Lipid Clinic during the study period
  • Own a cell phone that can receive text messages

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current diagnosis of a psychiatric eating disorder (anorexia nervosa or bulimia)
  • Pregnancy
  • Medical disease that would contraindicate moderate physical activity, as determined by clinician (MD or NP) from the Lipid Clinic

Phase 2:

Inclusion criteria

  • Ages 11-21
  • Overweight or obese (BMI > 85th percentile)
  • Attend or will start attending UF Health Pediatric Lipid and Obesity Clinic,UF Health Pediatric Headache Clinic or UF Health Congenital Heart Center during the study period
  • Own a cell phone that can receive text messages (or parent owns a cell phone that can receive text messages)

Exclusion criteria

  • Current diagnosis of a psychiatric eating disorder (anorexia nervosa or bulimia)
  • Pregnancy
  • Medical disease that would contraindicate moderate physical activity

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02228278


Locations
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United States, Florida
University of Florida Gerold L Schiebler Children's Medical Services Center, Pediatric Lipid and Obesity Clinic
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32608
University of Florida Shands Medical Plaza, Pediatric Lipid and Obesity Clinic
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32608
UF Health and Congenital Heart Center
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lindsay Thompson, MD University of Florida Health Shands Children's Hospital
Study Director: Kristin A Dayton, MD University of Florida Shands Children's Hospital

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Responsible Party: University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02228278     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB201400433
First Posted: August 29, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 16, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by University of Florida:
Pediatric
Obesity
Overweight
Texting
Text message
SMS
Diet
Weight Loss
Nutrition
Physical activity
BMI z-score
BMI
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pediatric Obesity
Obesity
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms