Effects of Donepezil on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage (DASH)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02222727|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (CT scanner software incompatible)
First Posted : August 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2017
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is bleeding around the under surface of the brain caused by rupture of an aneurysm arising from a blood vessel. Stroke may occur in approximately one third of patients as a result of narrowing of the blood vessels around the brain, following aSAH.
One theory as to why this may happen is because bleeding around the base of the brain damages particular cells (neurons) that control blood flow around the rest of the brain. These neurons may control blood flow by releasing a neurotransmitter called Acetyl Choline (ACh). Our hypothesis is that damage to these neurons may prevent the production of ACh, which then causes reduced blood flow and stroke if left untreated.
By stimulating these neurons, we aim to investigate whether it is possible to improve the blood flow around brain and ultimately prevent strokes in patients following subarachnoid haemorrhage. Donepezil, a drug widely used in dementia, inhibits the brain's natural break down of ACh. We predict that by increasing the amount of Ach in these neurons, donepezil may improve blood flow to the brain, reducing the chance of developing stroke.
All patients admitted to St George's hospital with a confirmed aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage between the ages of 18 and 85 years old will be invited to participate in the trial. The protocol has been designed to take place around the patients' aneurysm treatment, which is performed under general anesthesia (GA). Recruited participants will be anesthetized for their aneurysm treatment and then enter the study.
All trial participants will have a Xenon CT scan under GA to assess brain blood flow prior to having treatment of their aneurysm. Patients randomized to donepezil treatment will receive a loading dose of 20mg via a feeding tube immediately after their Xenon scan. Patients in the control group will not receive the drug.
All patients in the trial will undergo repeat Xenon perfusion scanning under GA between 3 and 4 hours after their first scan, which coincides with the completion of their aneurysm treatment. Those in the donepezil group will then receive a daily dose of 5 mg for a period of 21 days.
All aspects of care other than those related to the trial will be the same as for any other subarachnoid haemorrhage patients. Patients (or their legal representative for those unable to consent) will be able to decline participation in the trial or withdraw at any point.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Delayed Neurological Deficit Delayed Cerebral Ischemia Vasospasm||Drug: Donepezil||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||19 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Effects of Donepezil on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage|
|Study Start Date :||January 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2016|
Active Comparator: Donepezil
Participants in the donepezil arm will receive the drug for 21 days as specified in the protocol in addition to current best medical treatment for aSAH patients.
Loading 20 mg dose of donepezil on first day of recruitment followed by once daily 5 mg dose for subsequent twenty days
Other Name: Aricept
No Intervention: Control
Control group participants will not receive a placebo drug but will undergo cerebral blood flow imaging in the same manner as the donepezil patients. All other aspects of treatment will be identical to that of aSAH patients not involved in the study.
- Cerebral blood flow [ Time Frame: Within 3-4 hours of receiving drug ]
Baseline xenon perfusion CT (XeCTP) scan performed immediately before donepezil loading dose administered. Follow-up XeCTP scan minimum of 3 hours after loading dose.
For control group patients, baseline XeCTP scan performed before aneurysm treatment and follow-up scan 3-4 hours after first scan.
- Number of participants with adverse events. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks from enrolment ]
Participants receiving donepezil will continue to take for 21 days in total and the washout period for the drug is approximately 2 weeks accounting for a total evaluation period of 5-6 weeks.
All participants will be regularly evaluated by clinical staff while inpatients under care of the neurosurgical service. Those discharged prior to the 6 week period will be followed up regularly by telephone and provided with a diary to record potential adverse events.
- Disability assessment [ Time Frame: 6 months from enrolment ]All participants will have a modified Rankin Score (mRS) at 6 months to assess their level of disability in comparison with their status on enrolment.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02222727
|St George's University of London|
|London, United Kingdom, SW17 0RE|
|Study Director:||Jeremy Madigan, FRCR||St George's Hospital NHS Trust|
|Principal Investigator:||Ramanan Sivakumaran, MRCS||St George's, University of London|
|Principal Investigator:||Marios Papadopouos, MD FRCS(SN)||St George's, University of London|
|Principal Investigator:||Kunle Mduaoi||St George's, University of London|