Study to Evaluate ACB Versus FNB Early Postoperative Period Functional Outcomes After TKA (ACB)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02218814|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 2, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee Nerve Block||Procedure: Adductor Canal Block, Bupivacaine Procedure: Femoral Nerve Block, Bupivacaine||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||106 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Prospective, Double-blind, Randomized Study to Evaluate a Single Shot Adductor Canal Nerve Block Versus Femoral Nerve Block Combined With LIA (Local Infiltration Analgesia): Early Postoperative Period Functional Outcomes After Total Knee Replacement|
|Study Start Date :||August 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 2015|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 2016|
Experimental: Adductor Canal Block:
Adductor Canal Nerve Block: The patient is placed in a supine position with the extremity to be blocked slightly externally rotated. On the medial thigh, at the midpoint between the inguinal crease and the medial condyle, 13-6-MHz linear ultrasound transducer (SonoSite HFL38x; Washington, US) is placed in a transverse orientation to visualize the femoral artery in short axis deep to the sartorius muscle. Sterile field and patient sedation achieved. A 21-gauge,100 mm, short-bevel needle (Stimuplex; B Braun) is inserted under ultrasound guidance in in-plane technique to position the needle tip anterolateral to the artery and just deep to the posterior fascia of the sartorius muscle. Once in position, 30 mL of Bupivacaine (100 mg) is deposited adjacent to the femoral artery and deep to the Sartorius muscle, using intermittent aspiration. After completion of the procedure, a sterile dressing is placed over the needle insertion site.
Procedure: Adductor Canal Block, Bupivacaine
Adductor Canal Nerve Block: Under US guidance and sterile technique 30 mL (100 mg) of Bupivacaine is deposited adjacent to the femoral artery and deep to the Sartorius muscle, using intermittent aspiration.
Femoral Nerve Block: Under US guidance, using a twitch monitor and sterile technique, 30 ml of PF Normal Saline is deposited adjacent to the femoral artery at the level of inguinal crease.
Active Comparator: Femoral Nerve Block
Femoral Nerve Block. The procedure is conducted with the patient in a supine position with a 13-6 MHz linear ultrasound transducer (SonoSite HFL38x; Washington, US) applied to the skin at the level of the inguinal crease. The femoral artery, fascia iliac, and femoral nerve are visualized. Sterile field and patient sedation achieved. A 22-gauge, 50-mm, short-bevel stimulating needle (Stimuplex; B Braun, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania) connected to twitch monitor B/Braun Stimuplex DIG RC is inserted under ultrasound guidance using an in-plane technique from lateral to medial until a quadriceps motor response is elicited at a current between 0.5 and 0.2 mA with a pulse width of 0.1millisecond from a twitch monitor . After negative aspiration, 30 mL of Bupivacaine (100 mg) is deposited adjacent to the femoral nerve and deep to the fascia iliac, with intermittent aspiration. After completion of the procedure, a sterile dressing is placed over the needle insertion site.
Procedure: Femoral Nerve Block, Bupivacaine
Femoral Nerve Block: Under US guidance, using a twitch monitor and sterile technique, 30 ml (100 mg) of Bupivacaine is deposited adjacent to the femoral artery at the level of inguinal crease.
Adductor Canal Nerve Block: Under US guidance and sterile technique 30 mL of PF Normal Saline is deposited adjacent to the femoral artery and deep to the Sartorius muscle, using intermittent aspiration.
- Quadriceps muscle strength (MVIC) difference between the ACB and FNB after total knee arthroplasty. [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6, 24, 48 hours and at 6 month after nerve block performance ]Maximum Voluntary Isovolumetric Contraction (MVIC) measured in Newtons of the quadriceps muscle normalized to body mass index (N•m/kg). The 6 hours post procedure percent of baseline is considered the primary clinical success criterion variable of this study.
- Knee range of motion [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6, 24 48 hours and 6 month after the nerve block performance ]Knee range of motion is measured as a combined flexion/extension either actively or passively with assistance. Knee range of motion is typically measured in the supine position. The examiner will measure knee flexion passively using a goniometer. It has been validated as an outcome measure in total knee arthroplasty. To be able to navigate stairs 90 degrees of flexion is required. To adequately perform activities of daily living (ADL's), 110 degrees of flexion is required. The minimum detectable change in knee flexion for an individual is 9.6 degrees.
- Time Up and Go [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24, 48 hours and 6 month after the nerve block performance ]The TUG test records the time taken to stand up from a standard height arm chair, walk 3m, walk back to the chair, and sit down. It is meant to assess a patients balance and risk of falling. Assistive devices, for example, a walker, are allowed to be used if needed. This test has been validated as an early functional outcome after TKA. Maximum improvement occurs between the sixth and ninth postoperative weeks, with a plateau at 10 weeks. Freely independent patients are able to complete the task in 10 seconds, whereas a time greater than 30 seconds corresponds to patients being dependent in most activities. The minimum detectable change is 2.5 seconds.
- 6 Minute Walk Test [ Time Frame: Baseline and at 6 month after the surgery ]The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) records the maximum distance ambulated on level ground without physical assistance in six minutes with standardized encouragement. It has been validated for evaluation of functional outcome after TKA. Assistive devices are allowed if needed. The minimum distance that is required to perform ADL's is 300m. After TKA, increase in 6MWT distance typically follow pattern where maximal improvement occurs in the first 12 weeks postoperatively, specifically between weeks 6 and 9, followed by a slower improvement between weeks 12 and 26, reaching a plateau at 26 weeks. The minimum detectable change (MDC) for the 6MWT is reported to be 61.3m.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02218814
|United States, Illinois|
|Presence Saint Joseph Medical Center|
|Joliet, Illinois, United States, 60435|
|Principal Investigator:||George I Macrinici, MD||Presence Saint Joseph Medical Center|